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Tribes, Nomads & Settled Communities Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Tribes, Nomads & Settled Communities Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What are the main characteristics of tribes?
Ans. Tribes are characterized by a close-knit social structure, often living in remote or isolated areas. They have their own unique cultural practices, traditions, and languages. They usually have a strong sense of community and often rely on subsistence farming, hunting, and gathering for their livelihoods.
2. How do nomads differ from settled communities?
Ans. Nomads are groups of people who do not have a fixed place of residence and continuously move from one place to another in search of resources. They often live in temporary shelters and rely on animal husbandry or trade for their livelihoods. In contrast, settled communities have a permanent place of residence and engage in activities such as agriculture, industry, or services.
3. What are the advantages of a settled community over a nomadic lifestyle?
Ans. Settled communities have several advantages over a nomadic lifestyle. They have access to more stable food sources through agriculture, which allows for a more consistent and reliable food supply. They can establish permanent infrastructure, such as schools and healthcare facilities, leading to better access to education and healthcare services. Settled communities also have the opportunity for economic development and specialization in various trades and industries.
4. How does the interaction between tribes and settled communities impact cultural exchange?
Ans. The interaction between tribes and settled communities often leads to cultural exchange. When tribes come into contact with settled communities, they may adopt certain aspects of the settled community's culture, such as language, clothing, or technology. Similarly, settled communities may also incorporate elements of tribal culture into their own practices. This exchange of cultural elements enriches both groups and contributes to the diversity of societies.
5. What are some challenges faced by tribes and nomadic communities in today's world?
Ans. Tribes and nomadic communities face various challenges in today's world. They often struggle to protect their land and resources from encroachment by governments, corporations, or other settled communities. Their unique cultural practices and traditions may also be threatened by globalization and modernization. Lack of access to basic amenities like healthcare and education, as well as limited economic opportunities, are additional challenges faced by these communities.
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