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Weavers, Iron Smelters & Factory Owners Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Weavers, Iron Smelters & Factory Owners Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. Who were the weavers, iron smelters, and factory owners during the time period discussed in the article?
Ans. During the time period discussed in the article, the weavers were skilled artisans who produced textiles, the iron smelters were individuals involved in the production of iron, and the factory owners were individuals who owned and operated factories for manufacturing goods.
2. What were the major challenges faced by the weavers, iron smelters, and factory owners during that time?
Ans. The weavers faced challenges such as competition from imported British textiles, declining demand for their products, and decreasing wages. The iron smelters faced challenges like the introduction of cheaper imported iron from Britain. The factory owners faced challenges such as high taxes, lack of access to credit, and competition from British manufacturers.
3. How did the British colonial policies impact the lives of the weavers, iron smelters, and factory owners?
Ans. The British colonial policies had a significant impact on the lives of the weavers, iron smelters, and factory owners. The British policies, such as the imposition of heavy import duties on Indian textiles, led to a decline in the demand for indigenous textiles, negatively affecting the weavers. The introduction of cheap British iron led to a decline in the demand for indigenous iron and affected the livelihoods of iron smelters. The British policies also favored the growth of British-owned factories, which posed stiff competition to Indian factory owners.
4. How did the weavers, iron smelters, and factory owners respond to the challenges they faced?
Ans. The weavers responded by organizing themselves into guilds and associations, protesting against the import of British textiles, and seeking protection from the British government. The iron smelters tried to adapt to the changing market conditions by diversifying their production and incorporating new technologies. The Indian factory owners also tried to adapt by modernizing their machinery and production methods to compete with the British factories.
5. What were the long-term consequences of the decline of the traditional industries and the rise of the factory system in India?
Ans. The decline of traditional industries and the rise of the factory system in India had long-term consequences. The traditional industries, such as weaving and iron smelting, suffered a significant decline, leading to the loss of livelihoods for many artisans. The factory system, on the other hand, led to the concentration of economic power in the hands of a few factory owners and the exploitation of workers. It also contributed to the growth of urban centers and the emergence of a new class of industrial capitalists in India.
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