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Peasants & Farmers Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Peasants & Farmers Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. Who were the peasants and farmers in ancient societies?
Ans. Peasants and farmers in ancient societies were individuals who worked on the land, cultivating crops and raising livestock for their livelihoods. They formed the backbone of agricultural economies, providing food and resources for the rest of the population.
2. What were the main challenges faced by peasants and farmers in ancient times?
Ans. Peasants and farmers in ancient times faced various challenges, including unpredictable weather conditions that could affect their harvests, pests and diseases that could devastate their crops or livestock, and the constant threat of invasions or raids that could disrupt their farming activities.
3. How did peasants and farmers contribute to the overall economy of ancient societies?
Ans. Peasants and farmers played a crucial role in the overall economy of ancient societies. Their agricultural activities provided food and resources for the entire population, and surplus production could be traded or sold, stimulating trade and economic growth. They also paid taxes or provided a portion of their produce to the ruling elites, contributing to the wealth and stability of the society.
4. What were the social status and rights of peasants and farmers in ancient societies?
Ans. The social status of peasants and farmers in ancient societies varied depending on the specific culture and time period. In some cases, they were considered lower in social hierarchy compared to the ruling elites or aristocracy. However, they often enjoyed certain rights and privileges, such as the right to own land, participate in local governance, and practice their own customs and traditions.
5. How did the lives of peasants and farmers change over time in ancient societies?
Ans. The lives of peasants and farmers in ancient societies underwent significant changes over time. Technological advancements, such as the introduction of iron tools or irrigation systems, improved agricultural productivity. Social and political changes, such as the rise of empires or the spread of feudalism, also impacted their lives and the way they interacted with the ruling elites.
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