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Amino Acids: Biomolecules Video Lecture | Organic Chemistry

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FAQs on Amino Acids: Biomolecules Video Lecture - Organic Chemistry

1. What are amino acids and why are they considered biomolecules?
Ans. Amino acids are organic compounds that are the building blocks of proteins. They contain an amino group (-NH2), a carboxyl group (-COOH), and a side chain (R group). They are considered biomolecules because they play a crucial role in various biological processes, including the synthesis of proteins, enzymes, and hormones.
2. How many types of amino acids are there?
Ans. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins. These amino acids differ from each other based on the specific structure and properties of their side chains (R groups). The 20 amino acids can be categorized into different groups such as polar, nonpolar, acidic, and basic.
3. What is the importance of amino acids in the human body?
Ans. Amino acids are essential for the human body as they are involved in numerous physiological processes. They are the building blocks of proteins, which are essential for the growth, repair, and maintenance of tissues. Amino acids also play a crucial role in enzyme function, hormone regulation, neurotransmitter synthesis, and immune system function.
4. Can amino acids be obtained from food sources?
Ans. Yes, amino acids can be obtained from various food sources. Proteins found in animal products such as meat, fish, eggs, and dairy are rich sources of amino acids. Additionally, plant-based sources like legumes, beans, nuts, and seeds also provide essential amino acids. A balanced diet that includes a variety of protein-rich foods ensures an adequate intake of amino acids.
5. Are there any health implications of amino acid deficiencies?
Ans. Yes, deficiencies in certain amino acids can have significant health implications. For example, a deficiency in the essential amino acid lysine can lead to impaired growth, anemia, and compromised immune function. Deficiencies in other essential amino acids can also result in various health problems, including muscle wasting, fatigue, and impaired cognitive function. It is important to maintain a balanced intake of all essential amino acids for optimal health.
33 videos|92 docs|46 tests
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Amino Acids: Biomolecules Video Lecture | Organic Chemistry

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