UPSC Exam  >  UPSC Videos  >  NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English)  >  What is Government?

What is Government? Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

476 videos|360 docs

FAQs on What is Government? Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is the definition of government?
Ans. Government refers to the system or group of individuals that have the authority to govern and control a particular region or country. It is responsible for making and enforcing laws, maintaining order, providing public services, and representing the interests of its citizens.
2. What are the functions of the government?
Ans. The government performs several important functions, including: - Establishing and enforcing laws to maintain social order and protect citizens' rights. - Providing public services such as education, healthcare, transportation, and infrastructure development. - Managing the economy through fiscal and monetary policies to promote growth and stability. - Conducting foreign relations and representing the country's interests in international affairs. - Protecting national security and ensuring the defense of the country.
3. What are the different forms of government?
Ans. Governments can take various forms, including: - Democracy: A system where the power is vested in the people, who exercise it directly or through elected representatives. - Monarchy: A system where a single individual, usually a king or queen, holds supreme authority and passes it on through hereditary succession. - Dictatorship: A system where a single individual or a small group holds absolute power without any checks or balances. - Republic: A system where the head of state is an elected or appointed president, rather than a monarch. - Theocracy: A system where religious leaders hold political power and govern in accordance with religious principles.
4. What is the role of the government in the economy?
Ans. The government plays a crucial role in the economy by: - Regulating economic activities to ensure fair competition, consumer protection, and prevent monopolies. - Implementing fiscal policies, such as taxation and government spending, to influence the overall economic growth and stability. - Providing public goods and services that the private sector may not adequately provide, such as infrastructure development and social welfare programs. - Managing monetary policies, including controlling interest rates and money supply, to maintain price stability and control inflation. - Promoting economic development and attracting investments through policies that encourage entrepreneurship, innovation, and trade.
5. How does the government ensure national security?
Ans. The government ensures national security by: - Maintaining a strong defense force, including the military, to protect the country from external threats and maintain territorial integrity. - Developing and implementing intelligence gathering and surveillance systems to identify and counter potential security risks. - Formulating and implementing foreign policies to build alliances, promote peace, and address global security challenges. - Establishing and enforcing laws related to national security, including counterterrorism measures and border control. - Investing in cybersecurity measures to protect critical infrastructure and prevent cyber threats.
476 videos|360 docs

Up next

Explore Courses for UPSC exam

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Related Searches

mock tests for examination

,

Exam

,

MCQs

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

pdf

,

ppt

,

What is Government? Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

,

Sample Paper

,

video lectures

,

Summary

,

Extra Questions

,

practice quizzes

,

Free

,

past year papers

,

What is Government? Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

,

What is Government? Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

,

Objective type Questions

,

Semester Notes

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Important questions

,

study material

,

Viva Questions

;