Urban Livelihoods Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Urban Livelihoods Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What are urban livelihoods?
Ans. Urban livelihoods refer to the means of earning a living in urban areas. It includes various economic activities such as formal employment, informal work, self-employment, and entrepreneurship, which individuals and households engage in to sustain themselves in urban environments.
2. What are the challenges faced by urban livelihoods?
Ans. Urban livelihoods face several challenges, including high competition for jobs, limited access to basic services and infrastructure, lack of affordable housing, inadequate social protection, and vulnerability to economic shocks. Additionally, rapid urbanization and the informal nature of many urban livelihoods pose further challenges in terms of urban planning and policy implementation.
3. How does urbanization affect urban livelihoods?
Ans. Urbanization has both positive and negative impacts on urban livelihoods. On one hand, it offers greater opportunities for employment and income generation due to the concentration of economic activities in cities. On the other hand, rapid urbanization often leads to inadequate urban planning, resulting in slum formation, unemployment, and inadequate access to essential services, which can negatively affect urban livelihoods.
4. What are the advantages of urban livelihoods over rural livelihoods?
Ans. Urban livelihoods offer several advantages over rural livelihoods, such as access to a wider range of employment opportunities, higher wages, better social infrastructure, and greater access to education and healthcare services. Additionally, urban areas often provide a more diverse and dynamic environment, fostering innovation and entrepreneurial activities.
5. How can the government support urban livelihoods?
Ans. The government can support urban livelihoods through various measures, including investing in urban infrastructure development, providing skill development and vocational training programs, promoting microfinance and credit facilities for urban entrepreneurs, implementing social protection schemes, and ensuring equitable access to basic services such as housing, healthcare, and education. Additionally, creating an enabling environment for formal employment and fostering sustainable urban planning can also contribute to the well-being of urban livelihoods.
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