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Democracy in Contemporary World Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Democracy in Contemporary World Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is democracy and why is it important in the contemporary world?
Ans. Democracy is a system of government in which power is vested in the people, who exercise it directly or through elected representatives. It allows citizens to participate in decision-making, ensures protection of individual rights, promotes transparency and accountability, and fosters social and political stability. In the contemporary world, democracy is important as it provides a platform for citizens to have a voice, promotes equality and inclusivity, and allows for peaceful resolution of conflicts.
2. How does democracy contribute to the development of a nation?
Ans. Democracy contributes to the development of a nation by creating an environment conducive to economic growth, innovation, and social progress. It allows for the protection of individual rights, encourages citizen participation and engagement, promotes the rule of law, and fosters accountability and transparency in governance. Through the principles of democracy, nations can address social inequalities, promote education and healthcare, and ensure sustainable development for the well-being of their citizens.
3. What are the challenges faced by democracy in the contemporary world?
Ans. Democracy faces several challenges in the contemporary world. Some of the key challenges include the rise of authoritarianism and populism, erosion of democratic institutions, corruption, inequality, and the influence of money on politics. Additionally, the spread of misinformation, polarization, and the impact of technology on elections and governance are also significant challenges. Overcoming these challenges requires strengthening democratic institutions, promoting civic education, ensuring media literacy, and fostering an inclusive and participatory political culture.
4. How does globalization impact democracy?
Ans. Globalization has a complex impact on democracy. On one hand, globalization can enhance democratic values by promoting the flow of information, ideas, and cultures, and by enabling citizens to engage in transnational networks and movements. It can also foster economic development and create opportunities for citizens to participate in global decision-making processes. On the other hand, globalization can also pose challenges to democracy by enabling the concentration of economic and political power, eroding national sovereignty, and exacerbating social inequalities. Balancing the benefits and risks of globalization is crucial for maintaining and strengthening democratic governance.
5. What role do citizens play in sustaining democracy in the contemporary world?
Ans. Citizens play a vital role in sustaining democracy in the contemporary world. They have the responsibility to actively participate in the democratic process by exercising their right to vote, engaging in peaceful protests, and holding elected representatives accountable. Citizen engagement also extends to civil society organizations, media, and other platforms for public discourse. By staying informed, promoting tolerance and inclusivity, and actively contributing to the democratic process, citizens can ensure the health and vitality of democracy in the contemporary world.
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