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Constitutional Design Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Constitutional Design Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is constitutional design?
Ans. Constitutional design refers to the process of creating and structuring a constitution for a country or organization. It involves determining the principles, institutions, and mechanisms that will govern the political system. Constitutional design aims to establish a framework that ensures accountability, protects individual rights, and promotes democratic governance.
2. Why is constitutional design important?
Ans. Constitutional design is important as it lays the foundation for a stable and functional political system. It provides a framework for the distribution of power, the protection of individual rights, and the establishment of checks and balances. Effective constitutional design can promote political stability, prevent the abuse of power, and foster inclusive governance.
3. What are the key elements of constitutional design?
Ans. The key elements of constitutional design include: 1. Separation of powers: Dividing powers among different branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) to prevent concentration of power. 2. Fundamental rights: Ensuring the protection of individual rights and freedoms, such as freedom of speech, expression, and religion. 3. Federalism: Establishing a system of government where power is divided between a central authority and regional or state governments. 4. Checks and balances: Creating mechanisms that allow each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches and prevent any one branch from becoming too dominant. 5. Electoral system: Designing a fair and representative electoral system that allows citizens to choose their representatives and ensures a competitive political environment.
4. How does constitutional design impact democracy?
Ans. Constitutional design plays a crucial role in shaping and safeguarding democracy. A well-designed constitution provides the necessary framework for free and fair elections, protects fundamental rights, and establishes mechanisms for accountability and transparency. It helps prevent the concentration of power, ensures a separation of powers, and establishes checks and balances. By promoting inclusivity, participation, and protection of individual rights, constitutional design contributes to the functioning and sustainability of democratic systems.
5. Can constitutional design be changed or amended?
Ans. Yes, constitutional design can be changed or amended. Many constitutions include provisions for their own amendment, allowing for adaptations to changing societal needs and circumstances. The process for amending a constitution varies from country to country but often requires a specific majority vote in the legislature or a referendum. Constitutional amendments are typically made to reflect societal changes, address shortcomings in the original design, or respond to emerging challenges. However, amending a constitution is usually a complex and deliberative process to ensure stability and protect the core principles of the political system.
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