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Working of Institutions Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Working of Institutions Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. How do institutions work?
Ans. Institutions are organizations or structures that have been established to fulfill specific purposes or functions in society. They operate by setting rules, regulations, and guidelines that govern the behavior and interactions of individuals within their jurisdiction. Institutions can be formal, such as government bodies, courts, or educational institutions, or informal, such as social customs and traditions. They play a crucial role in maintaining order, providing public services, and promoting social cohesion.
2. What is the role of institutions in society?
Ans. Institutions play a significant role in society by providing frameworks for governance, ensuring social order, and promoting economic development. They establish rules and regulations that guide the behavior of individuals and groups, enforce laws, resolve conflicts, and protect rights. Institutions also provide essential services such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure, which contribute to the overall well-being of society. Additionally, institutions serve as platforms for public participation, representation, and decision-making.
3. How are institutions formed?
Ans. Institutions are formed through a process of social construction and collective agreement. They can be created by governments through legislation or constitutional provisions, by international bodies through treaties and agreements, or by communities through customs and traditions. The formation of institutions often involves the recognition of a need or problem in society and the collective efforts of individuals, organizations, and authorities to address it. Over time, institutions may evolve, adapt, or be replaced in response to changes in social, political, and economic conditions.
4. What is the importance of institutional stability?
Ans. Institutional stability is crucial for the functioning of societies and economies. It provides predictability, consistency, and reliability, which are essential for individuals, businesses, and governments to plan, invest, and make decisions. Stable institutions foster trust and confidence among citizens, investors, and other stakeholders, leading to economic growth, social harmony, and political stability. In contrast, institutional instability can lead to uncertainty, corruption, conflict, and economic downturns, hindering progress and development.
5. Can institutions change over time?
Ans. Yes, institutions can change over time. As societies evolve and face new challenges, institutions may need to adapt, reform, or transform to remain relevant and effective. Changes in political ideologies, technological advancements, social movements, and global trends can influence the evolution of institutions. However, institutional change is often a complex and gradual process that requires consensus-building, political will, and societal support. It may involve amendments to laws, shifts in policies, restructuring of organizations, and changes in societal norms and values.
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