Power Sharing Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Power Sharing Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is power sharing?
Ans. Power sharing refers to the distribution of power among different levels of government, different social groups, and different regions within a country. It is a mechanism to ensure the participation of all sections of society in the decision-making process and to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few.
2. What are the different forms of power sharing?
Ans. There are mainly four forms of power sharing: a) Horizontal division of power: Power is divided among different organs of the government, such as the legislature, executive, and judiciary. b) Vertical division of power: Power is shared between different levels of government, such as the central government and state governments. c) Community government: Power is shared among different social groups, such as religious or linguistic communities. d) Power-sharing among regions: Power is shared between different regions within a country, especially in countries with diverse regional identities.
3. Why is power sharing important in a democracy?
Ans. Power sharing is important in a democracy for several reasons: a) It helps to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a few individuals or groups, which can lead to authoritarianism and abuse of power. b) It ensures the participation of all sections of society in the decision-making process, promoting inclusivity and representation. c) It helps to accommodate and manage social and regional diversity, preventing conflicts and promoting stability. d) It enhances the accountability of those in power as they are required to share power and justify their actions to other power-sharing institutions.
4. How does power sharing contribute to the stability of a country?
Ans. Power sharing contributes to the stability of a country in the following ways: a) By accommodating and managing social and regional diversity, power sharing prevents conflicts and promotes peace and stability. b) It ensures the participation of all sections of society in the decision-making process, reducing feelings of exclusion and marginalization that can lead to unrest. c) Power sharing institutions act as checks and balances on each other, preventing the abuse of power and promoting accountability. d) It promotes a sense of ownership and shared responsibility among different social groups and regions, fostering national unity and stability.
5. How does power sharing lead to better policy outcomes?
Ans. Power sharing leads to better policy outcomes in the following ways: a) By involving different social groups and regions in the decision-making process, power sharing ensures that diverse perspectives and interests are taken into account, leading to more inclusive and comprehensive policies. b) Power sharing institutions provide opportunities for dialogue, negotiation, and compromise, leading to better-informed and balanced policy decisions. c) It helps to prevent the dominance of a single group or region in decision-making, reducing the chances of biased or discriminatory policies. d) Power sharing promotes accountability as decisions are made collectively, increasing the likelihood of policies being implemented effectively and in the best interest of the society as a whole.
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