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Indian Constitution at Work: Election and representation Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Indian Constitution at Work: Election and representation Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. How are elections conducted in India?
Ans. Elections in India are conducted by the Election Commission of India, which is an autonomous constitutional authority. The process includes the preparation of electoral rolls, nomination of candidates, campaigning, voting, and counting of votes. The elections are conducted in a free, fair, and impartial manner to ensure the representation of the will of the people.
2. What is the role of political parties in elections?
Ans. Political parties play a crucial role in elections in India. They nominate candidates, campaign on their behalf, and mobilize public opinion. Parties are responsible for formulating policies, promoting their ideologies, and presenting themselves as viable options to the voters. They are essential in shaping the political landscape and ensuring a representative democracy.
3. How is representation ensured in Indian elections?
Ans. Representation is ensured in Indian elections through the system of proportional representation. The country follows a parliamentary form of government, where citizens vote to elect representatives to the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and State Legislative Assemblies. The seats are allocated based on the proportion of votes received by political parties or candidates, ensuring fair representation of various groups and opinions.
4. What is the significance of the Election Commission of India?
Ans. The Election Commission of India is a constitutional authority responsible for conducting free and fair elections in the country. It ensures the impartiality and integrity of the electoral process, including the enforcement of the Model Code of Conduct, monitoring election expenses, and resolving electoral disputes. The Commission plays a crucial role in upholding the democratic principles of India.
5. How are reserved constituencies determined in Indian elections?
Ans. Reserved constituencies in Indian elections are determined based on the principles of social justice and representation. Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are provided reserved seats to ensure their adequate representation in the Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies. The reservation is determined based on the proportion of SCs and STs in the population of the respective state or union territory.
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