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Indian Constitution at Work: Federalism- 1 Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Indian Constitution at Work: Federalism- 1 Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is federalism and how does it work in the Indian Constitution?
Ans. Federalism is a system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units. In the Indian Constitution, federalism is implemented through the division of powers between the central government and the state governments. The Constitution clearly demarcates the powers and responsibilities of both levels of government, ensuring a balance of power.
2. How does federalism contribute to the unity and diversity of India?
Ans. Federalism in India plays a crucial role in maintaining unity amidst the diverse cultural, linguistic, and regional identities of the country. It allows states to have their own legislative and executive powers, enabling them to address local issues effectively. At the same time, the central government ensures national unity by handling matters of national importance. This system allows for both unity and diversity to coexist harmoniously.
3. What are the advantages of federalism in India?
Ans. Federalism in India offers several advantages. It promotes regional autonomy, allowing states to govern themselves as per their unique needs and aspirations. It encourages participation and decentralization of power, empowering local governments to address grassroots issues. Federalism also helps in managing cultural and linguistic diversity by providing space for different identities to flourish. Additionally, it fosters a sense of cooperative federalism, where the central and state governments work together for the development of the nation.
4. How does federalism impact the distribution of resources and finances in India?
Ans. Federalism in India has a significant impact on the distribution of resources and finances. The central government collects taxes and allocates funds to the states based on the recommendations of the Finance Commission. This ensures a fair distribution of resources, enabling states to meet their development needs. Additionally, federalism allows states to generate their own revenue through state taxes, which further contributes to their financial autonomy.
5. Can the central government override the decisions of state governments in a federal system?
Ans. In a federal system like India, the central government and state governments have their own spheres of power. While the central government can exercise authority over matters of national importance, it cannot unilaterally override the decisions of state governments. However, in certain exceptional circumstances, such as a breakdown of constitutional machinery in a state, the central government may intervene to ensure the smooth functioning of governance. Generally, the principle of federalism emphasizes cooperation and coordination between different levels of government rather than unilateral control.
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