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Indian Constitution at Work: Philosophy Of The Consititution Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Indian Constitution at Work: Philosophy Of The Consititution Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is the philosophy of the Indian Constitution?
Ans. The philosophy of the Indian Constitution is rooted in principles of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity. It aims to establish a democratic society where every citizen has equal rights and opportunities. The Constitution also promotes secularism, social welfare, and the protection of fundamental rights.
2. What is the significance of the Indian Constitution in the functioning of the country?
Ans. The Indian Constitution plays a crucial role in the functioning of the country. It provides the framework for governance, defines the powers and responsibilities of different organs of the state, protects fundamental rights, and ensures the rule of law. It also establishes the principles of separation of powers, federalism, and checks and balances, which are essential for a functioning democracy.
3. How does the Indian Constitution protect fundamental rights?
Ans. The Indian Constitution protects fundamental rights through various provisions. It guarantees the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, right to life and personal liberty, and protection against discrimination. These rights can be enforced by citizens through the courts, and any law or action that violates these rights can be challenged and struck down.
4. What is the role of the judiciary in upholding the Indian Constitution?
Ans. The judiciary plays a crucial role in upholding the Indian Constitution. It interprets the Constitution, resolves disputes between different organs of the state, and protects the fundamental rights of citizens. The judiciary has the power of judicial review, which allows it to strike down laws or actions that are unconstitutional. This ensures that the government acts within the limits set by the Constitution.
5. How does the Indian Constitution promote social welfare?
Ans. The Indian Constitution promotes social welfare through various provisions. It directs the state to promote the welfare of the people and provide social justice. It includes provisions for reservation of seats in educational institutions and government jobs for socially disadvantaged groups. It also mandates the state to provide free and compulsory education to children, promote public health, and work towards the eradication of poverty and inequality.
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