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Molecular Basis of Inheritance in One Shot (NCERT) Video Lecture | Biology Class 12 - NEET

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FAQs on Molecular Basis of Inheritance in One Shot (NCERT) Video Lecture - Biology Class 12 - NEET

1. What is the molecular basis of inheritance?
Ans. The molecular basis of inheritance refers to the process by which genetic information is passed from one generation to the next. It involves the transmission of DNA, which contains the instructions for building and maintaining an organism, from parent to offspring.
2. How does DNA act as the molecular basis of inheritance?
Ans. DNA acts as the molecular basis of inheritance through its ability to store and transmit genetic information. DNA molecules are made up of nucleotides, which are arranged in a specific sequence. This sequence carries the instructions for the synthesis of proteins, which are responsible for the traits and characteristics of an organism.
3. What is the role of genes in the molecular basis of inheritance?
Ans. Genes are segments of DNA that contain the instructions for the synthesis of specific proteins. They are the basic units of heredity and play a crucial role in the molecular basis of inheritance. Genes are passed down from parents to offspring and determine the traits and characteristics of an organism.
4. How is the molecular basis of inheritance related to the NEET exam?
Ans. The NEET exam, which is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test, is a medical entrance exam in India. The molecular basis of inheritance is an important topic in the NEET syllabus as it is fundamental to understanding genetics, inheritance patterns, and the principles of genetic engineering. Questions related to the molecular basis of inheritance are often asked in the NEET exam.
5. What are some examples of genetic disorders that can be explained by the molecular basis of inheritance?
Ans. There are numerous genetic disorders that can be explained by the molecular basis of inheritance. Some examples include cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Huntington's disease, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. These disorders result from mutations or alterations in specific genes, which affect the normal functioning of the body and can be inherited from parents.
158 videos|393 docs|239 tests
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