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Rebels and the Raj: Revolt of 1857 Video Lecture | History Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

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FAQs on Rebels and the Raj: Revolt of 1857 Video Lecture - History Class 12 - Humanities/Arts

1. What was the cause of the revolt of 1857?
Ans. The revolt of 1857, also known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857 or the First War of Independence, was caused by various factors including political, economic, social, and religious grievances of the Indian soldiers in the British East India Company's army. The immediate trigger for the revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle cartridges, which were rumored to be greased with animal fat, violating the religious beliefs of Hindu and Muslim soldiers.
2. Who were the rebels in the revolt of 1857?
Ans. The rebels in the revolt of 1857 consisted of a diverse range of participants. They included Indian soldiers known as sepoys, who were serving in the British East India Company's army, as well as various sections of the Indian society such as peasants, artisans, zamindars (landlords), and even some disaffected princes. The rebels formed alliances and fought against the British East India Company's rule.
3. What were the outcomes of the revolt of 1857?
Ans. The revolt of 1857 had significant outcomes that shaped the future of India. Although the rebels were ultimately suppressed by the British, the revolt led to the end of the East India Company's rule and the transfer of power to the British Crown, marking the beginning of direct British governance in India. It also resulted in significant changes in British policies towards India and the Indian society, such as the abolition of the East India Company's monopoly and the introduction of various reforms.
4. How did the British respond to the revolt of 1857?
Ans. The British response to the revolt of 1857 was characterized by a combination of military suppression and political reforms. Initially, the British faced significant challenges in suppressing the rebellion, but they eventually managed to regain control through a series of military campaigns. Following the suppression, the British government decided to abolish the East India Company's rule and took direct control over India. They also introduced various political, administrative, and military reforms to prevent such a widespread revolt in the future.
5. How did the revolt of 1857 impact the Indian nationalist movement?
Ans. The revolt of 1857 played a crucial role in shaping the Indian nationalist movement. It served as a significant inspiration for later generations of Indian nationalists who sought independence from British colonial rule. The revolt highlighted the need for unity and resistance against foreign domination, becoming a symbol of Indian nationalism. It also led to the emergence of prominent nationalist leaders like Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi, Mangal Pandey, and Bahadur Shah II, who became iconic figures in the struggle for independence.
38 videos|246 docs|31 tests

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