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Introduction to Biodiversity & Conservation Video Lecture | Biology Class 12 - NEET

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FAQs on Introduction to Biodiversity & Conservation Video Lecture - Biology Class 12 - NEET

1. What is biodiversity?
Ans. Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability of living organisms, including plants, animals, and microorganisms, in a particular ecosystem or on Earth as a whole. It encompasses the diversity of species, genetic diversity within each species, and the diversity of ecosystems.
2. Why is biodiversity important for conservation?
Ans. Biodiversity is crucial for conservation because it plays a vital role in maintaining the health and balance of ecosystems. It provides essential ecosystem services such as pollination, nutrient cycling, and water purification. Biodiversity also supports human well-being by providing food, medicine, and other resources.
3. How is biodiversity threatened?
Ans. Biodiversity is under threat due to various human activities, including habitat destruction, pollution, climate change, overexploitation of natural resources, and the introduction of invasive species. These factors disrupt ecosystems and lead to the loss of species and genetic diversity.
4. What are the conservation strategies for protecting biodiversity?
Ans. Conservation strategies for protecting biodiversity involve both in-situ and ex-situ approaches. In-situ conservation focuses on preserving species and their habitats in their natural environment through the establishment of protected areas, habitat restoration, and sustainable land-use practices. Ex-situ conservation involves the conservation of species outside their natural habitat, such as in botanical gardens, zoos, or seed banks.
5. What are the benefits of biodiversity conservation?
Ans. Biodiversity conservation provides numerous benefits, including the preservation of ecosystem services that are essential for human survival and well-being. It supports sustainable agriculture by maintaining pollinators and natural pest control, contributes to climate regulation by sequestering carbon, and provides opportunities for scientific research and discovery. Additionally, conserving biodiversity helps to safeguard cultural and aesthetic values associated with diverse ecosystems and species.
158 videos|393 docs|239 tests
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