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The p-Block Elements: Properties Video Lecture | Chemistry Class 12 - NEET

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FAQs on The p-Block Elements: Properties Video Lecture - Chemistry Class 12 - NEET

1. What are the properties of p-Block elements?
Ans. The p-Block elements exhibit several important properties. They are generally characterized by having valence electrons in the p orbital of their outermost energy level. These elements tend to be nonmetals, metalloids, or post-transition metals. They have a wide range of chemical reactivity, with some being highly reactive while others are relatively inert. Additionally, p-Block elements often show variations in their oxidation states and can form a variety of compounds.
2. Which elements are included in the p-Block?
Ans. The p-Block elements include elements from group 13 to group 18 in the periodic table. This includes elements such as boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, and noble gases like helium, neon, argon, etc. These elements are located on the right side of the periodic table, following the transition metals.
3. What are some examples of p-Block elements?
Ans. Some examples of p-Block elements include carbon (C), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), fluorine (F), phosphorus (P), sulfur (S), chlorine (Cl), and noble gases like helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar), etc. These elements exhibit a wide range of chemical properties and are vital for various biological, industrial, and environmental processes.
4. How do p-Block elements differ from s-Block and d-Block elements?
Ans. The main difference between p-Block elements and s-Block or d-Block elements lies in the electronic configuration and the location of their valence electrons. The p-Block elements have their valence electrons in the p orbital of the outermost energy level, while s-Block elements have their valence electrons in the s orbital, and d-Block elements have their valence electrons in the d orbital. Additionally, p-Block elements exhibit a wide range of chemical reactivity and can form compounds with various oxidation states, whereas s-Block and d-Block elements generally have more predictable and stable oxidation states.
5. What are the applications of p-Block elements?
Ans. p-Block elements find numerous applications in various fields. For example, carbon compounds are essential for organic chemistry and form the basis of life. Nitrogen is crucial for the production of fertilizers and is an essential component of proteins and DNA. Oxygen and fluorine are widely used in the chemical industry and have various industrial applications. Phosphorus is used in the production of fertilizers and detergents. Chlorine is commonly used as a disinfectant, and noble gases like helium are used in cryogenics and as inert gases in various applications.
150 videos|378 docs|213 tests
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