Comparison between Differentiation and Integration

# Comparison between Differentiation and Integration Video Lecture | Mathematics (Maths) Class 12 - JEE

## Mathematics (Maths) Class 12

204 videos|288 docs|139 tests

## FAQs on Comparison between Differentiation and Integration Video Lecture - Mathematics (Maths) Class 12 - JEE

 1. What is the difference between differentiation and integration?
Ans. Differentiation is a mathematical process that calculates the rate at which a function changes, while integration is the process of finding the area under a curve or the accumulation of a function over an interval. In simple terms, differentiation is about finding slopes, and integration is about finding areas.
 2. How are differentiation and integration related?
Ans. Differentiation and integration are inverse processes of each other. When we differentiate a function, we find its derivative, and when we integrate a function, we find its antiderivative. This means that the derivative of an integral is the original function, and the integral of a derivative gives the original function (up to a constant).
 3. What are some real-life applications of differentiation and integration?
Ans. Differentiation is used in physics to calculate velocities and accelerations, in economics to determine marginal costs and revenues, in biology to analyze population growth, and in engineering to optimize designs. Integration is applied in physics to calculate displacements and areas, in economics to find total costs and revenues, in biology to estimate total populations, and in engineering to calculate volumes and areas.
 4. How do you differentiate a function?
Ans. To differentiate a function, you need to apply the rules of differentiation, such as the power rule, product rule, chain rule, and quotient rule. These rules help you find the derivative of a function with respect to a variable. For example, to differentiate a polynomial function, you can apply the power rule by multiplying each term by its power and decreasing the power by 1.
 5. What is the fundamental theorem of calculus?
Ans. The fundamental theorem of calculus states that differentiation and integration are inverse processes of each other. It relates the concepts of differentiation and integration by stating that if a function is continuous on an interval, then the integral of its derivative over that interval gives the original function (up to a constant). This theorem forms the basis for many applications of differentiation and integration in various fields of science and mathematics.

## Mathematics (Maths) Class 12

204 videos|288 docs|139 tests

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