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Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios of a Line- Three Dimensional Geometry Video Lecture | Mathematics (Maths) for JEE Main & Advanced

209 videos|443 docs|143 tests

FAQs on Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios of a Line- Three Dimensional Geometry Video Lecture - Mathematics (Maths) for JEE Main & Advanced

1. What are direction cosines and direction ratios of a line?
Ans. Direction cosines and direction ratios are mathematical concepts used to describe the orientation of a line in three-dimensional space. Direction cosines are the cosines of the angles that the line makes with the coordinate axes, while direction ratios are the ratios of the line's components along the axes.
2. How can direction cosines be calculated?
Ans. To calculate the direction cosines of a line given by its direction ratios (a, b, c), divide each direction ratio by the magnitude of the line's direction vector. The direction cosines are then given by (a/m, b/m, c/m), where m is the magnitude of the direction vector.
3. What is the significance of direction cosines in three-dimensional geometry?
Ans. Direction cosines provide a way to quantify the orientation of a line in three-dimensional space. They can be used to determine the angles between two lines, find the angle between a line and a plane, or determine if two lines are parallel or perpendicular to each other.
4. How are direction ratios related to direction cosines?
Ans. Direction ratios and direction cosines are related through a set of equations. Given direction ratios (a, b, c), the direction cosines are calculated by dividing each direction ratio by the magnitude of the line's direction vector. Conversely, given direction cosines (l, m, n), the direction ratios can be obtained by multiplying each direction cosine by the magnitude of the line's direction vector.
5. Can direction cosines be negative?
Ans. Yes, direction cosines can be negative. The sign of the direction cosine depends on the orientation of the line with respect to the coordinate axes. A positive direction cosine indicates that the line makes an acute angle with the corresponding axis, while a negative direction cosine indicates an obtuse angle.
209 videos|443 docs|143 tests

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