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Conduction, Convection & Radiation Video Lecture | Physics Class 11 - NEET

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FAQs on Conduction, Convection & Radiation Video Lecture - Physics Class 11 - NEET

1. What is conduction and how does it work?
Conduction is the transfer of heat or electricity through a medium or between objects in direct contact. It occurs when there is a temperature difference between two objects or regions. In conduction, heat energy is transferred from the higher temperature object to the lower temperature object through molecular collisions. The molecules with higher kinetic energy collide with neighboring molecules with lower kinetic energy, transferring heat in the process.
2. Can you give an example of convection?
Certainly! A classic example of convection is the heating of a room using a radiator. When the radiator is turned on, it heats the air in direct contact with it. As the air becomes warmer, it expands and becomes less dense, causing it to rise. This hot air then displaces the cooler air in the room, creating a continuous circulation of warm air. This process is known as natural convection.
3. What is radiation and how does it differ from conduction and convection?
Radiation is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves, without the need for a medium or direct contact. Unlike conduction and convection, radiation can occur in a vacuum. In radiation, heat energy is transferred from a warmer object to a cooler object through infrared radiation. This transfer is based on the principle that all objects emit and absorb electromagnetic radiation. Unlike conduction and convection, radiation does not require physical contact or a medium for heat transfer.
4. What are some everyday examples of radiation?
There are numerous examples of radiation in our daily lives. Some common examples include: - Feeling the warmth of the sun on your skin: The sun emits electromagnetic radiation, including infrared radiation, which is responsible for the warming effect we feel when exposed to sunlight. - Using a microwave oven: Microwave ovens use electromagnetic radiation in the form of microwaves to heat and cook food. - Feeling the warmth of a campfire: The fire emits visible light and infrared radiation, which can be felt as heat when standing near it.
5. How does insulation work in reducing heat transfer?
Insulation works by minimizing heat transfer through conduction, convection, and radiation. It is designed to create a barrier that slows down the movement of heat between objects or regions with different temperatures. Insulation materials, such as fiberglass, foam, or cellulose, have low thermal conductivity, which means they are poor conductors of heat. This reduces the amount of heat transferred through conduction. Additionally, insulation materials are often designed to trap air pockets, which minimizes convection. Finally, insulation materials can also reflect or absorb radiation, further reducing heat transfer through radiation. Overall, insulation helps to maintain a more stable and comfortable temperature by minimizing heat loss or gain.
118 videos|470 docs|189 tests
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