Laxmikanth Test: The Prime Minister- 2


10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Laxmikanth Test: The Prime Minister- 2


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QUESTION: 1

As per the constitution, it is the duty of the Prime Minister to

1. Communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of the Union's affairs and proposals for legislation.

2. Submit for the consideration of the council of ministers any matter on which a minister has taken a decision but which has not been considered by the council, if required by the President.

Which of the above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • These are the provisions as per Article 78 constitution.

  • It also requires the Prime Minister to furnish such information relating to the administration of the Union's affairs and proposals for legislation as the President may call for.

  • This article is one of the most important ones in the constitution delineating the relationship between Prime Minister and President.

  • On the other hand, the legislature can pass no-confidence motion to remove the council of Ministers from office.

  • Speaker, Lok Sabha only is authorised to do so.

QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements about the Prime Minister of India:

1. His decisions are final in case disagreements arise between Departments.

2. He also has the power to dismiss ministers.

3. When the Prime Minister quits, the entire ministry quits.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below:

Solution: The Constitution does not say very much about the powers of the Prime Minister or the ministers or their relationship with each other. But as head of the government, the Prime Minister has wide-ranging powers.

1. He chairs Cabinet meetings. He coordinates the work of different Departments. His decisions are final in case of disagreements arising between Departments. He exercises general supervision of different ministries.

2. All ministers work under his leadership. The Prime Minister distributes and redistributes work to the ministers. He also has the power to dismiss ministers.

3. If the cabinet is the most powerful, inside it the PM is the most powerful.

QUESTION: 3

The Constitution does not contain any specific procedure for the prime minister's selection and appointment. This means that

1. The Constitution does not mention the appointing authority for the office of Prime Minister.

2. The President is free to change the selection and appointment procedure of Prime Minister by rules issued in India's Gazette.

Which of the above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Article 75 says only that the president shall appoint the Prime Minister. However, this does not imply that the president is free to appoint anyone as the Prime Minister.

  • Following the conventions of the parliamentary system of government, the President has to appoint the majority party leader in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister.

  • But, when no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, then the President may exercise his personal discretion in the prime minister's selection and appointment.

QUESTION: 4

Which of the following is/are the eligibility criteria for the prime minister's office?

1. He should not have been a former President of India.

2. the people of India should have directly elected him.

3. He should be the leader of a political party.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

Solution: Article 75 says only that the president shall appoint the Prime Minister. The President has to appoint the leader of the majority party as the Prime Minister. Though he/she is not a member of parliament at the time of appointment, he/she has to acquire parliament membership within six months. This means one has to be eligible to be a Lok Sabha member or Rajya Sabha to be a Prime Minister.

QUESTION: 5

Which of the following is/are common to the oath taken by the Prime Minister and other Members of Parliament (MPs)?

1. To bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India.

2. To uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India.

3. To do right to all manner of people following the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill will.

Select the correct answer using the codes below,

Solution: Before the Prime Minister enters upon his office, the president administers the oaths of office and secrecy to him. In his oath of office, the Prime Minister swears:
  • To bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India,

  • To uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India,

  • To faithfully and conscientiously discharge the duties of his office, and

  • To do right to all manner of people following the Constitution and the law, without fear or favour, affection or ill will.

The MP also takes a similar oath apart from the oath of secrecy and the last point in the oath of Prime Minister (or Union Ministers). The oath of MPs is to

1. bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India;

2. uphold the sovereignty and integrity of India; and

3. faithfully discharge the duty upon which he is about to enter.

Unless a member takes the oath, he cannot vote and participate in the House's proceedings and does not become eligible for parliamentary privileges and immunities.

QUESTION: 6

Consider the following statements about the powers of the Prime Minister.

1. The President can appoint only those persons as ministers who are recommended by the Prime Minister.

2. The Prime Minister can bring about the collapse of the ministers' council by resigning from office.

3. The Council of Ministers cannot function when the Prime Minister resigns.

Choose the correct answer from the codes below.

Solution: The Prime Minister enjoys the following powers as head of the Union council of ministers

1. He recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the president. The President can appoint only those persons as ministers who are recommended by the Prime Minister.

2. He allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among the ministers.

3. He can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion.

4. He presides over the meeting of the council of ministers and influences its decisions.

5. He guides, directs, controls and coordinates the activities of all the ministers.

6. He can bring about the collapse of the council of ministers by resigning from office.

Since the Prime Minister stands at the head of the ministers' council, the other ministers cannot function when the Prime Minister resigns or dies. In other words, the resignation or death of an incumbent Prime Minister automatically dissolves the ministers' council and thereby generates a vacuum. The resignation or death of any other minister, on the other hand, merely creates a vacancy which the Prime Minister may or may not like to fill.

QUESTION: 7

The President can dismiss a Cabinet Minister, who is also an MP, with

Solution: All of the executive authorities vested in the President are, in practice, exercised by the Prime Minister with the help of the Council of Ministers.

So, to dismiss a minister, including cabinet ministers, the President requires the prime minister's consent.

Without the Prime Minister's advice, it would be unconstitutional to remove a minister.

QUESTION: 8

The Prime Minister enjoys which of the following powers and responsibilities concerning the Parliament?

1. He advises the President concerning summoning and proroguing of the sessions of the Parliament.

2. He can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to the President at any time.

3. He announces government policies on the floor of the House.

Select the correct answer using the codes below,

Solution:
  • The President cannot arbitrarily summon or prorogue the house's proceedings, but based on the prime minister's advice. However, he is not bound to accept the prime minister's advice when he is seeking a vote of confidence.

  • When he recommends dissolution, he should not have been subject to a prior vote of confidence.

  • The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House. In this capacity, he enjoys these powers.

QUESTION: 9

Which-of the following statements is correct?

Solution:

In 1980, the Delhi High Court held that the Constitution does not require that a person prove his majority in the Lok Sabha before being appointed as the Prime Minister.

The President may first appoint him the Prime Minister and then ask him to prove his majority in the Lok Sabha within a reasonable period.

For example, Charan Singh (in 1979), and after in a series, V.P. Singh (1989), Chandrasekhar (1990), P.V. Narasimha Rao (1991), A.B. Vajpayee (1996), Deve Gowda (1996), I.K. Gujral (1997) and again A.B. Vajpayee (1998).

 

 

 

 

QUESTION: 10

In his oath of secrecy, the Prime Minister swears that

1. All government proceedings will be kept secret.

2. No matter handled by the Prime Minister's Office will be disclosed to other ministries.

Which of the above is/are correct?

Solution: The Prime Minister swears that he will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person or persons any matter which shall be brought under his consideration or shall become known to him as prime minister for the Union except as may be required for the due discharge of his duties as such Minister.

This does not imply that all government proceedings will be secret or the Prime Minister's office will work in confidentiality. So, both statements are incorrect.

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