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Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 1

Which of the following jewels (Triratna) of Buddhism are correctly matched?

1. Buddha - The enlightened one

2. Dhamma - Teachings of Buddha

3. Sangha - The monastic order

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 1 All are correctly matched.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 2

Which of the following noble truths of Buddhism are correctly matched?

1. Nirodha - The truth of the origin of suffering

2. Magga - The truth of the cessation of suffering

3. Samudaya - The truth of the path to the cessation of suffering

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 2 The basic tenets of Buddhism are explained through the four major Noble truths. They are

1. The truth of suffering (Dukkha)

2. The truth of the origin of suffering (Samudaya)

3. The truth of the cessation of suffering (Nirodha)

4. The truth of the path to the cessation of suffering (Magga)

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 3

Tripitakas were written in:

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 3
  • Once Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar in 483 BC, there was a need to compile his teachings.

  •  

    Hence, four Buddhist Councils were held in the next 500 years to collate this material into Pitakas.

  •  

    The result was the writing of three major pitakas- Vinaya, Sutta and Abhidhamma, that were called Tripitaka when combined. All of these have been written in the Pali language.

 

 

 

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 4

Consider the following statements about Mahayana Buddhism.

1. Vishuddhimagga is a treatise on Mahayana Buddhism

2. Emperor Ashoka patronised Mahayana Sect of Buddhism

Which of these statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 4
  • Vishuddhimagga is a treatise on Theravada Buddhism. As per scholars, one of the sub-sects of Mahayana being developed in the later periods was Vajrayana.

  • The Mahayana scholars predominantly used Sanskrit as a language. Emperor Kanishka of the Kushana dynasty is said to be the Mahayana sect of Buddhism in 1st century AD. Presently, the majority of the Buddhist followers in the world belong to the Mahayana sect. (around 53.2% as per 2010 report).

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 5

Consider the following statements.

1. Bodhidharma was the founder of the Madhyamaka school of Mahayana Buddhism

2. Dalai Lama are spiritual leaders of white hat School of Tibetan Buddhism

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 5

Other Prominent personalities associated with Buddhism:

1. Nagasena: He answered questions about Buddhism posed by Menander I (or Milinda), the Indo-Greek king, and the conversation is recorded in the book Milinda Panho around 150 BC.

2. Nagarjuna: lived around 150 AD-250 AD and founder of the Madhyamaka school of Mahayana Buddhism

3. Vasubandhu: A proponent of Mahayana Buddhism in the 4th-5th century AD from Gandhara and wrote from the Sarvastivada and Sautrantika schools' perspectives.

4. Bodhidharma: lived around 5th or 6th century AD and transmitted Buddhism to China.

5. Buddhaghosa: A 5th-century Indian Theravada Buddhist commentator and scholar famous for his work Visuddhimagga (Path of Purification)

6. Padmasambhava: A 8th-century monk and is contemplated as 'second Buddha' across Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, and the Himalayan States of India.

7. Atisa: a Buddhist Bengali religious leader and master and is one of the major figures in the spread of 11th-century Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhism in Asia. He inspired Buddhist thought from Tibet to Sumatra

8. Dalai Lama: They are modern spiritual leaders of the Yellow Hat school of Tibetan Buddhism.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 6

Consider the following statements.

1. Jainism, like Buddhism, believes in the existence of soul

2. Jainism, unlike Buddhism, rejects the authority of Vedas

Which of these statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 6
  • Jainism, like Buddhism, rejects the authority of Vedas. However, unlike Buddhism, it believes in the existence of the soul (atman). The soul is the core and fundamental focus of Jain philosophy.

  • It is the soul that experiences existence and gains knowledge, not mind nor body as both are believed to be a heap of matter.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 7

Consider the following statements about Vardhaman Mahaveer.

1. He was born at Lumbini

2. He was born in Jnatrika Clan

Which of these statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 7
  • Basics about Vardhamana Mahavira In around 540 BC, Prince Vardha 540 BC. Prince Vardhamana was born at Kundalgram in Vaishali to King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala, who ruled over the Jnatrika clan.

  • At the age of 30, he went through a touching journey and left his home to live an ascetic life. According to Jain Holy books, on the 10th day of Vaishakha, he reached the town of Pava near Patna where he found the truth of life, i.e., Kevalya.

  • He was given the title 'Mahavira' or the great hero. Some of the other titles given to him are Jaina or jitendriya, i.e., one who conquers all his senses and nirgrantha or the one who is free from all bonds.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 8

Which of the following are the three jewels of Jaina philosophy?

1. Right effort

2. Right knowledge

3. Right conduct

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 8 They believe that through three-jewel (fold) path of right belief (samyak darshan), right knowledge (samyak jnana) and right conduct (samyak charitra), one can get rid of the bad karma and also pull themselves out of the cycle of rebirth and achieve salvation.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 9

Consider the following statements about Digamber School.

1. Digambaras follow all the constraints except brahmacharya

2. Female monks are called Aryikas

Which of these statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 9 Digambara School:
  • Monks of the Digambara tradition do not wear clothes as this sect believes in complete nudity.

  • Female monks wear unstitched plain white sarees and are called Aryikas.

  • Digambaras follow all the five constraints (Ahimsa, Satya, Asteya, Aparigraha and Brahmacharya) as per the teachings of Mahavira, unlike Svetambaras.

  • Bhadrabahu was an exponent of Digambara sect, and he moved to Karnataka along with his disciples after predicting a long famine.

  • The earliest record of Digambara beliefs is contained in the Prakrit Suttapahuda of Kundakunda.

  • Digambara Jains believe that women can't be Tirthankaras and that Malli was a man

  • Monasticism rules are more rigid under Digambara School.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 10

Murtipujaka is a subject under

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 10

Svetambara School: Its three sub-sects include:

1. Sthanakvasi: They believe in praying to Saints rather than to an idol in a temple. The saints wear a muhapatti near their mouth to cover it unlike Murtipujakas

2. Murtipujak (Deravasi): They keep idols of the Tirthankaras at their temples and worship them, and the saints do not wear a muhapatti.

3. Terapanthi: They pray to saints rather than to an idol in a temple, like Sthanakavasi. Terapanthi saints also wear a muhapatti near their mouth to cover it.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 11

According to the Buddhist tradition, Maha Sammata was

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 11
  • The Great Elect, Maha Sammata, was the first monarch of the world.

  • The chronicles of Theravada Buddhist tradition such as Mahavamsa and Maha Yazawin state that he was the Shakya dynasty founder, to which the historical Buddha belonged.

  • He was the first of the eleven world monarchs named Maha Sammata, each of whom founded the eleven dynasties that existed from the beginning to Buddha's day.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 12

Consider the following statements about Samadhi Buddha Statue.

1. It is the statue of a sitting Buddha in dhyana position located in Amaravathi.

2. The Buddha depicted in the Dhyana Mudra position is the posture of meditation associated with his first Enlightenment.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 12
  • Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena has gifted Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi a Samadhi Buddha statue.

  • The Samadhi Buddha is a famous statue situated at Mahamevnawa Park in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. The Buddha is depicted in the Dhyana Mudra position, the meditation posture associated with his first Enlightenment. This statue is 7 feet 3 inches in height and carved from dolomite marble.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 13

How do the Jatakas relate to Buddhism?

1. In Theravada Buddhism, they are considered a textual division of the Pali Canon.

2. They are literature native to India concerning the previous births of Gautama Buddha.

Which of the above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 13
  • The Jataka tales are a voluminous body of literature concerning the previous births of Gautama Buddha in human and animal forms.

  • The future Buddha may appear as a king, an outcast, an elephant, a god-but, in whatever form, he exhibits some virtue that the tale inculcates.

  • In Theravada Buddhism, the Jatakas are a textual division of the Pali Canon, included in the Khuddaka Nikaya of the Sutta Pitaka.

  • The term Jataka may also refer to a traditional commentary on this book.

  • Many stupas in northern India are said to mark locations from the Jataka tales; the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang reported several.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 14

Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta is

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 14
  • The setting in motion of the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta or Promulgation of the Law Sutta is a Buddhist text that is considered a record of the first teaching given by Gautama Buddha after he attained enlightenment.

  • According to tradition, Buddha gave this teaching in Samath, India, to the 'five ascetics', his former companions with whom he had spent six years practising austerities.

  • The main topic of this Sutra is the Four Noble Truths, which are the central teachings of Buddhism that provide a unifying theme, or conceptual framework, for all of the Buddhist thoughts.

  • This Sutra also introduces the Buddhist concepts of the middle way, impermanence, and dependent origination.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 15

The Bodhisattvas have been subject to multiple interpretations in Buddhism. Which of the following is NOT one of them?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 15
  • In early Indian Buddhism, Bodhisattva was primarily used to refer specifically to Gautama Buddha in his former life.

  • From the Jataka tales, Bodhisattva originally meant the Buddhism practitioner of austerities.

  • In later Theravada literature, the term 'Bodhisatta' is used fairly frequently in the sense of someone on the path to liberation.

  • According to some Mahayana sources, a Bodhisattva is someone on the path to full Buddhahood. Others speak of Bodhisattvas renouncing Buddhahood.

  • However, under the new tradition, the most accepted definition is the one who aspires to become Buddha as soon as possible and then help sentient beings.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 16

The five great events in Buddha's life are represented by symbols. In this context, which of the following pairs are correctly matched?

Symbol

  1. Lotus and Bull

  2. Wheel

  3. Stupa

Event

  1. Birth

  2. Great Renunciation

  3. Nirvana

 

Select the correct answer using the code given below

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 16

Janma (Birth)—  Symbols is Lotus and Bull.
Mahaparinirvana (Death)—  Symbols is Stupa.
Dharmachakra pravartana (First Sermon)—  Symbols is Wheel.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 17

Consider the following about Abhidhamma Pitaka.

1. It is a scripture of Mahayana Buddhism.

2. It contains Buddhist philosophy.

3. It was first compiled in Sanskrit and then translated to Prakrit.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 17
  • Gautama's three main disciples known as Upali, Ananda and Mahakashyap, remembered his teachings and passed them on to his followers.

  • It is believed that soon after Buddha's death, a council was called at Raj agriha where Upali recited the Vinaya Pitaka (rules of the order), and Ananda recited the Sutta Pitaka (Buddha's sermons or doctrines and ethics).

  • Sometime later, the Abhidhamma Pitaka consisting of the Buddhist philosophy came into existence.

  • It is the last of the three pitakas constituting the Pali Canon, the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism.

  • It is a detailed scholastic reworking of material appearing in the Suttas, according to schematic classifications. It contains summaries or enumerated lists and not systematic philosophical treatizes.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 18

Which of these sutras is NOT related to Buddhism?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 18
  • There is no sutra in Buddhism called a Wheel sutra.

  • Lotus, heart and Diamond are nicknames ascribed much later to the core Mahayana texts in Buddhism.

  • Saddharma Pundarika Sutra (Lotus Sutra): This sutra was written by several Indian philosophers over hundreds of years, and led to the gradual formation of Mahayana Buddhism over that period.

  • It is one of the most popular and influential Mahayana sutras. According to Paul Williams, "For many East Asian Buddhists, since early times, the Lotus Sutra contains the final teachings of the Buddha, complete and sufficient for salvation.

  • The Heart Sutra is a popular sutra in Mahayana Buddhism. Its Sanskrit title, Prajnaparamitahrdaya, can be translated as "The Heart of the Perfection of Wisdom". The Heart Sutra has often cited as the best- known and most popular Buddhist scripture. It is prevalent in East Asia and is highly respected by Tibetan Buddhism.

  • Translated into various languages over a broad geographic range, the Diamond Sutra is one of the most influential Mahayana sutras in East Asia. It is particularly prominent within the Chan (or Zen) tradition.

  • The title relies on the vajra's power (diamond or thunderbolt, but also an abstract term for a powerful weapon) to cut things as a metaphor for the type of wisdom that cuts and shatters illusions to get to ultimate reality.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 19

Consider the following regarding the Madhyamaka school of Buddhism.

1. Nagarjuna founded it.

2. All phenomena are empty, as per the school.

3. It does not believe in dependent co-arising.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 19
  • It refers primarily to the later schools of Buddhism philosophy founded by Nagarjuna.

  • According to Madhyamaka school of Buddhism, all phenomena (dharmas) are empty (sunya) of 'nature', a 'substance' or 'essence' (svabhava), which gives them 'solid and independent existence' because they are dependently co-arisen.

  • But this 'emptiness' itself is also 'empty': it does not exist independently, nor does it refer to a transcendental reality beyond or above phenomenal reality.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 20

The oldest and smallest of the three sections of the Buddhist canonical Tipitaka ('Triple Basket') and the one that regulates monastic life and the daily affairs of monks and nuns is

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 20
  • Vinaya Pitaka ('Basket of Discipline') is the oldest and smallest of the three Buddhist canonical Tipitaka ('Triple Basket'). According to rules attributed to Buddha, Vinaya Pitaka is the one that regulates monastic life and the daily affairs of monks and nuns.

  • It varies less from school to a school than does either the Sutta (discourses of Buddha and his disciples) or Abhidhamma (scholastic) sections of the canon.

  • The rules themselves are basically the same even for Mahayana schools. However, some of the latter greatly extended the accompanying narrative and commentarial material.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 21

Buddha taught that suffering and unhappiness are caused because

1. we have cravings and desires, which often cannot be fulfilled.

2. the basic condition of the existence of nature is suffering.

3. we do not practise immobile asceticism.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 21
  • Buddha taught that sometimes, even if we get what we want, we are not satisfied, and want even more (or want other things). Buddha described this as thirst or tanlia.

  • He taught that the following moderation could remove this constant craving in everything.

  • Buddha was against the passive dying out of karma by practising immobile asceticism.

  • He said one could not be liberated by this practice that involves sitting motionlessly for extended periods of time.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 22

In the context of Buddhist history, what is common between Jetavana and Venuvana?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 22
  • Jetavana Grove, one of the eight major sites relating to Buddha's life, has long served as one of the major destinations for Buddhist pilgrims.

  • The grove is located inside the ancient city of Sravasti (Savatthi, Pali) in the Indian state now known as Uttar Pradesh.

  • During his ministry, Buddha was said to have spent 25 out of the 45 rainy seasons at or around this grove; he also delivered a wide range of teachings transmitted in canonical sutras and performed many miracles.

  • As the legend is told, the grove was given to Buddha as a gift from both Anathapindika, a wealthy merchant, and Prince Jetakumara after a boastful challenge to cover the grounds' entirety with gold was met.

  • It was the second vihara donated to Gautama Buddha after the Venuvana in Rajgir.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 23

Nyingma, Kagyud, Shakya and Geluk are sects/schools of

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 23 This is a lateral explanation.
  • Inscribed in 2012 on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, Buddhist chanting of Ladakh is an important part of monastic life.

  • In the Ladakh region's monasteries and villages, Buddhist lamas (priests) chant sacred texts representing Buddha's spirit, philosophy, and teachings.

  • Two forms of Buddhism are practised in Ladakh-Mahayana and Vajrayana-and, there are four major sects, namely, Nyingma, Kagyud, Shakya and Geluk. Each sect has several forms of chanting, practised during life-cycle rituals and on important days in the Buddhist and agrarian calendars.

  • Chanting is undertaken for the spiritual and moral well-being of the people, for purification and peace of mind, to appease evil spirits' wrath or invoke the blessings of various Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, deities and rinpoches.

  • The chanting is performed in groups, either sitting indoors or accompanied by a dance in monastery courtyards or private houses.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 24

Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Karma Kagyu School

1. It is one of the branches of Jainism.

2. The Karma Kagyu inherited two significant streams of spiritual traditions, namely Mahamudra and Kadampa.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 24 It is related to Tibetan Buddhism.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 25

Madhyamaka and Yogacara are philosophical traditions related to

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 25
  • The Madhyamaka school of Buddhism, the followers of which are called Madhyamakas, was one of the two principal schools of Mahayana Buddhism in India, the other school being the Yogacara.

  • The school's name refers to the claim made of Buddhism in general that it is a middle path (madhyama pratipad) that avoids the two extremes of eternalism- the doctrine explaining that all things exist of an eternal essence-and annihilationism-the doctrine explaining that things have essences. In contrast, they exist but that these essences are annihilated just when the things themselves go out of existence.

  • The fundamental doctrine of the Yogacara School is 'that all phenomenal existence is fabricated by consciousness'.

  • Consciousness is the basis of all activities from birth to attaining enlightenment; '... all are based upon the coming into being and then ceasing to be of consciousness, i.e., of distinctions 'in mind.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 26

Consider the following matches of Buddhist sites with their characterization.

1. Kushinagar : Mahaparinirvana

2. Shravasti : Jetavana monastery

3. Vaishali : Second Buddhist council

4. Piprahwa : Believed to be ancient Kapilavastu

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 26
  • Known as Kushavati in ancient times, Kushinagar is where Gautama Buddha attained Parinirvana, which occurs upon the death of a body of someone who has attained nirvana during his/her lifetime.

  • Many of the ruins of stupas here are dated as early as the third and fifth century B.C.

  • The third turning of the Wheel of Dharma was delivered to an audience of Bodhisattvas in the ancient city of Shravasti or Savatthi, one of the six largest cities in India during Gautama Buddha's lifetime.

  • Jetavana monastery, the most famous Buddhist monastery in India, where Buddha gave the majority of his teachings and discourses, is also located here.

  • The ancient city of Bihar, an archaeological site, is where Gautama Buddha preached his last sermon before his death in 483 B.C.

  • The second Buddhist council was also held here in 383 B.C., and the city contains one of the best-preserved Pillars of Ashoka, topped by a single Asiatic lion.

  • Piprahwa is a village near Birdpur in Siddharthnagar district of Uttar Pradesh. Piprahwa and its surroundings are of great significance to the Buddhist religion.

  • It is one of the sites linked directly to Buddha's early life, as it is thought to be the location of the ancient city of Kapilavastu.

  • According to Pali texts and ancient Buddhist traditions, Piprahwa is also one of the eight stupas constructed over Lord Buddha's remains.

  • Piprahwa is to be found about nine kilometres north of Birdpur close to the border that separates India from Nepal.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 27

Who was the first woman to seek ordination for women in the Buddhist tradition?

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 27
  • Mahapajapati Gotami was the step-mother and maternal aunt (mother's sister) of the Buddha.

  • In the Buddhist tradition, she was the first woman to seek women directly from Gautama Buddha becoming the first bhikkhuni (Buddhist nun).

  • When King Suddhodhana died, Mahapajapati Gotami decided to attain ordination. Mahapajapati Gotami went to the Buddha and asked to be ordained into the Sangha. The Buddha refused initially but later agreed that women nuns must follow the eight Gurudhammas or conditions laid down by him to be a part of the sangha.

  • Gotami agreed to accept the eight Garudhammas. Subsequent women had to undergo full ordination to become nuns.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 28

The first member of the Buddhist Monastic Sangha to gain Arhatship was

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 28
  • The five ascetics who received the Buddha's first teaching after his enlightenment, and who requested permission to "go forth" as ordained followers, became the first members of the Sangha.

  • Thus, the Buddhist monastic community's nucleus was initially comprised of men who had already withdrawn from society and lived for years as wandering mendicants.

  • When kondana consecrated as the first member of the monastic sangha, the other four ascetics were given more and more extensive explanation of Buddha's teachings so that they soon attain the dhamma eye and get ordained. All the Buddha disciples attained the full experience of nirvana to become arhat in the second sermon given by Buddha.

  • To make sixty-one arhats other disciples, monastic and lay followed dhamma which included Buddha. As a body of awakened monk disciples, Buddha sent them all out on a mission to spread the dhamma.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 29

The first Buddhist council was held at Rajagraha under the chairmanship of Mahakasapa immediately after the

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 29
  • The purpose of the first Buddhist council was to maintain the purity of the teachings of Buddha.

  • The second Buddhist council was held at Vaishali around 383 B.C.

  • The third Buddhist council was held at Pataliputra under the patronage of Ashoka. It was presided by Moggaliputta Tissa. The final version of Tripitaka's was completed in this council.

  • The fourth Buddhist council was held in Kashmir by Kanishka and Vasumitra chaired it. Asvagosha participated in this council.

Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 30

Who among the following is/are associated with Buddhist councils?

1. Ashoka

2. Kanishka

3. Ajatashatru

4. Mahapadma Nanda

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Buddhism And Jainism - 1 - Question 30
  • The third Buddhist council was held at Pataliputra under the patronage of Ashoka. It was presided over by Moggaliputta Tissa. The final version of Tripitaka was completed in this council.

  • The fourth Buddhist council was held in Kashmir by Kanishka, and Vasumitra chaired it. Asvagosha participated in this council.

The first Buddhist council was held at Rajagriha under the chairmanship of Mahakasyapa immediately after the death of Buddha under the patronage of King Ajatashatru. The purpose was to maintain the purity of the teachings of Buddha.

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