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Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals


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20 Questions MCQ Test Science & Technology for UPSC CSE | Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals

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Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 1

How many electrons are generally present in metals in their valence shell?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 1

Metals generally have 1, 2 or 3 electrons in their outermost orbit or valence shell. e.g.,

The number of valence electrons in sodium, magnesium and aluminium metals are 1, 2 and 3 respectively.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 2

How many electrons are present in non- metals in their outermost shell?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 2

Non-metals generally contain 4,5,6,7 or 8 electrons in their outermost orbit or shell.

The number of valence electrons in carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and fluorine are 4, 5, 6, 7 respectively.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 3

To which category do antimony and arsenic belong?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 3

Elements which show the properties of both the metals and non-metals are called metalloids. e.g., antimony and arsenic

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 4

Identify the metal that replaces magnesium from its salt.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 4

Calcium is more reactive than magnesium. Hence, Mg can be replaced from its salt by calcium.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 5

Aluminium foil is used for wrapping food. On which property is it used?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 5

Aluminium foil is prepared by beating it into sheets, i.e., property of malleability. Hence, aluminium foil is used for the given application.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 6

Identify the non-metal which exhibits yellow colour.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 6

Sulphur is yellow in colour.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 7

Which of the following are the properties of non-metals?

(i) They have low densities
(ii) They have low melting points
(iii) They are poor conductors of electricity

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 7

Non-metals have low densities, low melting points and are poor conductors of electricity.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 8

Which of the following non-metals exists in liquid state at room temperature?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 8

Bromine is the only non-metal which exists in liquid state at room temperature.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 9

Identify the metal that does NOT react with HCl

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 9

Copper, Mercury, Silver and Gold are less reactive than hydrogen. Hence, they cannot displace hydrogen from the compounds like dilute acids, water, etc.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 10

Which metal reacts vigorously with HCl to produce salt and hydrogen?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 10

Among the given metals, sodium is a highly reactive metal, so it reacts vigorously to form salt and hydrogen. 

2Na+2HCl→2NaCl+H2

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 11

When non-metals combine with oxygen, what do they produce?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 11

Non-metals form two types of oxides, they can be acidic or neutral oxides

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 12

Identify the oxide of a non-metal which is neutral.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 12

Some oxides of non-metals are neutral. e.g., CO.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 13

Phosphorus combines with oxygen to form oxides. How many types of oxides are formed by it?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 13

Phosphorus combines with oxygen and forms two oxides phosphorus trioxide and phosphorus pentoxide.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 14

Which of the following dissolves in water to form sulphuric acid?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 14

Acidic oxides dissolve in water and form acids. Sulphur trioxide (SO3) reacts with water and produces sulphuric acid (H2SO4)SO3+H2O→H2SO4

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 15

Which of the following compounds is used to make photographic films?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 15

Silver bromide, a compound of silver is used to make photographic films. When light falls on the film, it sets up a reaction which changes silver bromide to silver 

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 16

Which material is used for making crucibles?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 16

Crucibles are used in the laboratory to perform high temperature reactions. They should resist high heating (they should not break). For this purpose, a mixture of graphite (an allotrope of carbon) and clay is used to make crucibles.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 17

Which non-metal is used in the treatment of rubber during the process of vulcani-sation?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 17

Sulphur is used in the process of vulcanization. Rubber when treated with sulphur becomes harder than ordinary rubber, so it is used to make tyres.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 18

Which of the following is called a noble metal?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 18

Gold, silver and platinum do not combine readily with other elements to form compounds, so they are called noble metals.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 19

Identify the metal which is soft.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 19

Sodium has less density, hence it is soft and can be cut even with a knife.

Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 20

Why is tungsten used as a filament in electric bulbs?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test: Materials: Metals & Non Metals - Question 20

Metal tungsten is used as a filament in electric bulbs because it has a high melting point.

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