Practice Test: Modern India - 1

30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Practice Test: Modern India - 1

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The famous book “Gulamgiri” was written by__:


Ans: c

Explanation: Jyotirao Govindrao Phule (Mahatma) was born in Pune,was a great social reformer. He dedicated his book Gulamgiri to the American movement to free slaves, he linked the conditions of the black slaves in America with those of the lower castes in India. This comparison contains an expression of hope that one day, like the end of slavery in America, there would be an end to all sorts of caste discriminations in Indian society.


Consider the following statements regarding Jinnah’s “Fourteen Points”.
1. It demanded full liberty of belief and worship for the Muslim community only.
2. It aimed for at least one fourth Muslim representation in central legislature.
3. It proposed the creation of a federal structure with residuary powers vested in the provinces.

Select the correct answers using the codes given below:

  • It aimed for the liberty of all communities and not restricted to any special community. Therefore, statement 1 is incorrect.
  • In the Central Legislature, Muslim representation should not be less than one-third.
  • No cabinet either Central or Provincial, should be formed without at least one-third of the ministers being Muslims. Therefore statement 2 is also incorrect.

Consider the following statements regarding the achievements of Swadeshi Movement.

1. National Education Council was set up as a result of Swadeshi movement.

2. Domestic Cotton Industries were promoted because of the movement.

3. Primary education in vernacular language received a boost due to the movement.

Select the correct statement/s using the codes given below:

  • During Swadeshi Movement the action of the authorities led to a movement among the students to boycott the Calcutta University which they described as Golamkhana (House of manufacturing slaves).
  • At a conference attended by a large number of very eminent men of Bengal in different walks of life held on 10 November 1905, it was decided to establish at once a National Council of Education in order to organize a system of education-literary, scientific and technical- on national lines and under national control.
  • The number of national schools also grew apace with time. Primary education in vernacular language was encouraged and for technical education Bengal technical institute was established

Which among the following is INCORRECTLY matched?

  • Pagalpanthi Movement was a peasant movement and not a religious reform movement PagalPanthis were a mixture of the Hinduism, Sufism and Animism, which became prominent in Bengal (Now in Bangladesh).
  • The sect was founded by Karam Shah, and his son Tipu Shah led these people to upholad the religion and rights of the peasants in Bengal.
  • He captured Sherpur in 1825, after standing up against oppressive taxes and laws imposed by the Zamindars and the British. The rebels kept disturbed the area for more than 2 decades. Tipu Shah died in 1852, but the resistance movement continued.

Match the following set of pairs:

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  • William Jones - Founder of Asiatic Society of Bengal. Sir William Jones translated Kalidasa's Abhijnana books (1789), Jayadeva'sGitagovinda (1789) and Manusamhita (1794), and edited Ritusamhara (1792).
  • James Prinsep (20 August 1799 – 22 April 1840) was an English scholar, orientalist and antiquary. He was the founding editor of the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal and is best remembered for deciphering the Kharosthi and Brahmi scripts of ancient India.
  • Sir Alexander Cunningham (23 January 1814 – 28 November 1893) was a British army engineer with the Bengal Engineer Group who later took an interest in the history and archaeology of India which led to his appointment in 1861 to the newly created position of archaeological surveyor to the government of India.
  • He founded and organized what later became the Archaeological Survey of India. Walter Elliot in 1840 wrote on the 'cromlechs and cairns' in the Nilgiri hills. In 1845 he excavated and collected the Amaravati Marbles which were at one time called the "Elliot Marbles" and were exhibited in Madras. These marbles eventually went to the British Museum.
  • Elliot studied ancient inscriptions, belief0s and cultures. He was a keen numismatist and collector of coins and his main work on the topic was published in 1885, at a time when unable to see, he had to feel the coins to describe them and have written by a scribe for his Coins of Southern India

Consider the following statements regarding Government of India Act, 1935.

1. It had an provision for establishment of an all India Federation.

2. Federal Court was established to solve dispute between centre and state.

3. Federal court was established as the apex court for final decisions regarding all civil and criminal cases.

4. Dyarchy was introduced at the centre.

Select the correct statement/s using the codes given below:


The Federal court established through Government of India Act, 1935 was not a final court of decision. This power still lied with Privy Council.


Consider the following statements regarding the Poona Pact, 1932.

1. It provided for reservation of Dalits in Central legislative assembly and provincial assemblies.

2. In education grants of state, due consideration was to be given for promotion of education among

depressed classes.

3. The pact was signed between Dr. B.R. Ambedkar on behalf of Harijans and Mahatma Gandhi on

behalf of Indian National Congress.

Select the correct statement/s using the codes given below.


Gandhiji went on fast against the communal award in Yeravada Jail in Poona, When Dr. B R Ambedkar came to compromise with Gandhiji the Poona pact is signed between Harijans and Hindus. ' On behalf of Harijans Dr. B R Ambedkar signed the deal while on the behalf of Hindus, Madan Mohan Malviya signed the pact.

The Terms of the Poona Pact were as under:

1. There shall be seats reserved for the Depressed Classes out of general electorate.

2. Election to these seats shall be by joint electorates subject, however, to the following procedure – All members of the Depressed Classes registered in the general electoral roll of a constituency will form an electoral college which will elect a panel of four candidates belonging to the Depressed Classes for each of such reserved seats by the method of the single vote and four persons getting the highest number of votes in such primary elections shall be the candidates for election by the general electorate.

3. The representation of the Depressed Classes in the Central Legislature shall likewise be on the principle of joint electorates and reserved seats by the method of primary election in the manner provided for in clause above for their representation in the provincial legislatures

 Central Legislature

4. In the Central Legislature 18 per cent of the seats allotted to the general electorate for British India in the said legislature shall be reserved for the Depressed Classes.

5. The system of primary election to a panel of candidates for election to the Central and Provincial Legislatures as herein-before mentioned shall come to an end after the first ten years, unless terminated sooner by mutual agreement under the provision of clause 6 below.

6. The system of representation of Depressed Classes by reserved seats in the Provincial and Central Legislatures as provided for in clauses (1) and (4) shall continue until determined otherwise by mutual agreement between the communities concerned in this settlement.

7. The Franchise for the Central and Provincial Legislatures of the Depressed Classes shall be as indicated, in the Lothian Committee Report.

8. There shall be no disabilities attached to any one on the ground of his being a member of the Depressed Classes in regard to any election to local bodies or appointment to the public services. Every endeavor shall be made to secure a fair representation of the Depressed Classes in these respects, subject to such educational qualifications as may be laid down for appointment to the Public Services.

9. In every province out of the educational grant an adequate sum shall be ear-marked for providing educational facilities to the members of Depressed Classes.


Consider the following statements regarding Simon Commission.

1. It was constituted to review the working of Indian Council Act, 1909

2. It was an all-white commission, making Indians to resent against it.

3. The recommendations of Simon Commission form the basis of the Govt of India Act, 1935

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


Government of India Act 1919 had introduced the system of dyarchy to govern the provinces of British India. This act had a provision that a commission would be appointed after 10 years to investigate the progress of the governance scheme and suggest new steps for reform. The Government in England was a conservative Government which was not in very much favor of giving any control to Indians. In March 1927, his majesty’ s Government announced its decision to appoint the “Statutory Commission” in advance of the prescribed date. The personnel of the Commission and its terms of reference were announced in November 1927. It had 7 members which were lifted from the three political parties of the British Parliament under the chairmanship of Sir John Simon. None of the Indians was appointed in the commission and the promise of appeasing the Indian opinion seemed to be a bubble. When no Indian was included in the commission, it was like depriving of their right to participate in the determination of the constitution of their own country. The Commission paid two visits to India (February-March, 1928, October 1928—April 1929). Each time it faced boycott. It made extensive tours and prepared a report which was published in May, 1930. The outcome of the Simon Commission was the Government of India Act 1935, which established representative government at the provincial level in India and is the basis of many parts of the Indian Constitution


Which among the following events are associated with the tenure of Lord Ripon?

1. Appointment of Hunter Commission

2. Illbert Bill controversy

3. Factory Act, 1881

4. Local Self Government

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


Select the incorrect statement from the sentences given below

  • The Cripps Mission failed because British were not willing to agree to the formation of a truly National Government and also tries to promote interest of the Princes.
  • While they agreed to the demand of a constituent assembly, they insisted that the Indian states in the assembly would be represented by the nominees of the Princes, and that the people of the States would have no representation in it.
  • The Quit India movement resolution asked for complete Independence of India post which India would join hands to fight fascist and imperialist powers. Quit India movement called for a non- violent movement for India's Independence. 
  • However, government repression was so heavy that people turned violent. Revolutionary activities were indeed organized by Jaiprakash Narayan, Aruna Asaf Ali, S M Joshi and Ram Manohar Lohia almost throughout the war years.

With reference to initial days of Gandhiji, Match the following:

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


a) Champaran Satyagraha (1917)—First Civil Disobedience Movement. Gandhi was requested by Rajkumar Shukla to look into the problems of the indigo planters, of Champaran in Bihar.
b) Gandhi used Satyagraha and hunger strike for the first time during an industrial dispute between the owners and workers of a cotton mill in Ahmedabad. The owners wanted to withdraw the plague bonus to the workers while the workers were demanding a hike of 35% in their wages.
c) In Indian History, Kheda Satyagraha (1918) is the first step towards non-cooperation.
d) Anti-Rowlatt Satyagraha movement was started by Gandhi Ji against The Rowlatt Act,1919 for the exclusion of freedom of press and detention without trial set up a Satyagraha Sabha on 24th February 1919 at Bombay. As, the Rowlatt Act empowers the Britishers regarding the suspension of the right of Habeas Corpus.


Consider the following proposals made under Linlithgow Offer.

1. Proposal of Dominion Status to India

2. Proposal to form Constituent Assembly after 2nd World War.

3. Provision of War council in place of Interim Government

4. Decrease in number of Indian Members in Viceroy Executive council.

Which of the proposal given above was/were part of the Linlithgow Offer:


Linlithgow offer is most commonly known as August Offer. This offer turned down the demand of the Congress to set up a national Government at the center but proposed the following: After the war, a representative “Constitution Making Body” shall be appointed immediately after the war. The number of the Indians in the Viceroy’ s Executive council will be increased. A war advisory Council would be set up. The Congress did not approve the August Offer. Jawahar Lal Nehru said that the whole idea was “dead and doornail”. The Muslim League said that it will not be satisfied with anything short of partition of India.


Consider the following statements regarding revolt of naval ratings.

1. It started against the biased treatment of non-commission India Navy officers

2. The mutiny was led by B.C. Dutt .

Select the Incorrect answer using the codes given below:

  • On February 18, 1946, a section of non-commissioned officers and sailors known as Ratings, serving in the Royal Indian Navy, mutinied against the British Officers.
  • The mutiny started as a strike by the ratings to protest against the hardships regarding pay, food and racial discrimination. In the same night, a Naval Central Strike committee was created by the Ratings.
  • Dutt chose the Navy Day on December 1 st 1945 as the curtain raiser for the first act of sabotage because the civil population was invited for the first time in the history of RIN to visit ships as well as the shore establishments and the authorities wanted to present a Navy spick and span and the ships dressed with flags and bunting.

Consider the following reasons which played role in conflict between Britishers and Bengal Nawab Siraj – ud – Daulah Khan.

1. Misuse of Dastaks (passes) by Britishers.

2. Levying of heavy taxes on Indian goods entering Calcutta by Britishers

3. Fortification of Chandernagar at Calcutta by Britishers.

Select the correct statement/s using the codes given below:


The dastaks given to Britishers were meant only for Company use and not for individual use by company's officer. But the comapny officers were corrupt and misused the datak to get concession on the goods. At the same time Britishers levied heavy taxes on Indian goods entering the Calcutta to deincentivise them and make them non-competitive. The britishers controlled the fort william in Calcutta while Chandernagar was controlled by French. Therefore, statement 3 is incorrect as chandernagar was controlled by French and not by Britishers.


Match the following set of pairs.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


In 1813, Lord Hastings, Governor General forced several imposing measures against the Marathas.

Lord Dalhousie annexed Satara using his doctrine of lapse. Cornwallis led Britishers in Third Anglo-Mysore War where Marathas and Nizams joined British to fight again Mysore. Lord cornwollis led the British and won. Treaty of Shrirangapatnam was signed after third Anglo-Mysore war.


Match the following sets of pairs:

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


Consider the following statements regarding Dr. B. R. Ambedkar .

1. He was the founder of central institution named Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha.

2. He was the founder of Independent Labour Party.

3. Article 370 of Indian constitution (Special Status to Jammu and Kashmir) was added on the recommendations of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar .

Select the correct statement/s using the codes given below:

  • While practicing law in the Bombay High Court, he tried to promote education to untouchables and uplift them.
  • His first organized attempt was his establishment of the central institution Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, intended to promote education and socio-economic improvement, as well as the welfare of "outcastes", at the time referred to as depressed classes.
  • In 1936, Ambedkar founded the Independent Labour Party, which contested the 1937 Bombay election to the Central Legislative Assembly for the 13 reserved and 4 general seats, and secured 11 and 3 seats respectively.
  • Ambedkar opposed Article 370 of the Constitution of India, which granted a special status to the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and which was included against his wishes.

Who among the following governors had signed the Treaty of Sagauli with Nepal?


The Treaty of Sagauli was signed in 1816.


Consider the following sets of pairs.

Which of the pairs given above is Incorrectly matched?


Landholders Society was founded by Dwarka Nath Tagore Devendra Nath Tagore was the founder of Tattavabodhini Sabha which was later merged with Bramho Sabha to revive Brahmo Samaj, ten years after the death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.


Which among the following is NOT an Indian organisation founded on a foreign soil?


Gadar Party was founded in United States and Canada. Indian independence league was found in different South East Asian Nations. Indian Association was founded in Calcutta by Anand Mohan Bose and S N Banerjee East India Association was founded in London by Dadabhai Naoroji


Mahatma Gandhi was awarded with Kaisar – I – Hind medal for the


Who was called the 'conscience keeper' of Mahatma Gandhi?


With reference to the Brahmo Samaj, which of the following statements is correct?

1. Brahmo Samaj was a revivalist movement that wanted to restore Hinduism to its pristine glory.

2. Brahmo Samaj preaches complete faith in doctrine of Karma and rebirth.

3. Parineeta by Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay documents the growing influence of Brahmoism in Hindu society of its time.

Select the correct statement using the codes given below:


Brahmo Samaj was founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy in 1828 at Calcutta. Its aim was to attack the social evils of Hinduism. However, it was a reformist movement and not a revivalist movement. Difference between Reformist Movement and Revivalist Movement : A revivalist movement believes that religion is inherently good as it was practised earlier , but has been polluted. Hence the "old" must be revived or brought back. A reformist movement on the other hand believes that changes or "reforms" must be brought in from time to time, keeping in mind the demand of the times. After the death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, the Brahmo Samaj split into two sections; the Brahmo Samaj of India and Adi Brahmo Samaj. Brahmo Samaj of India was founded by Keshab Chandra Sen in 1866 at Calcutta by coming out of the Brahmo Samaj and older Brahmo Samaj got a new name of Adi Brahmo Samaj.

The Brahmo Samaj is based on the below doctrines -

  • Brahmo Samajists have no faith in any scripture as an authority.
  • Brahmo Samajists have no faith in Avatars.
  • Brahmo Samajists denounce polytheism and idol-worship.
  • Brahmo Samajists are against caste restrictions.
  • Brahmo Samajists make faith in the doctrines of Karma and Rebirth optional.

Sarat Chandra novella Parineeta documents the growing influence of Brahminism in the Hindu society of early 20th Century.


Which among the following events are associated with the tenure of Lord Wavell as Viceroy?

1. INA Trial

2. Cripps Mission

3. Cabinet Mission

4. Communal Award

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


Lord Linlithgow was the Viceroy during the Cripps Mission. The Communal Award was given during Lord Irwin's tenure. 


Which among the following is not a committee/commission on education?


Harshell Committee   was formed for currency suggestion

Indian Disbandment Committee -1923 -- Lord Itchcap -- Central Committee of Education


Consider the following events of Indian History and put them in a chronological order

1. Wavell Plan

2. Mountbatten Plan

3. Cabinet Mission Plan

4. Cripps Mission

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


Cripps Mission (1942), Wavell Plan (1945), Cabinet Mission Plan (1946) and Mountbatten Plan (1947)


Consider the following statements regarding the Tipu Sultan:

1. He was the first to use rockets against the British in Southern India.

2. He established trading company on lines of British East India Company.

3. He tried to organize a modern army with the help of Dutch.

4. Fathul Mujahidin, a military manual, is attributed to Tipu Sultan

Select the correct statement using the codes given below:


Use of rockets was earlier done by HyderAli ,Tipu's father. However, it under Tipu Sultan's instructions that Fathul Mujahidin - a military manual was written by Zainul Abedin Shustari that detailed the use of rocketry. Tipu had strong alliance with the French and was approached by Napoleon for an alliance against the British in India. He tried to organize a modern army with the help of French not the Dutch.


Match the following sets of pairs:

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:


Consider the following statements regarding the subsidiary alliance.

1. Subsidiary alliance system was the final nail in the coffin of French dream of expansion in India.

2. Subsidiary alliance system was started by Lord Wellesley.

3. Nawab of Awadh was the first state to sign subsidiary alliance.

Select the correct statement using the codes given below:

  • The doctrine of subsidiary alliance was a master-stroke introduced by Lord Wellesley, British Governor-General in India from 1798 to 1805.
  • Early in his governorship Wellesley adopted a policy of non-intervention in the princely states, but he later adopted the policy of forming subsidiary alliances.
  • This policy played a major role in British expansion in India and is said to have sealed the fate of French dream of expansion in India as it quickly led to the fall of Indian states one by one to the British.
  • The British often pitched it as a policy to secure themselves from the French, but in reality it not only pre-empted any French alliance for Indian rulers, but also helped Britain consolidate rule over India. According to the term of this alliance, Indian rulers were not allowed to have their independent armed force.
  • They were to be protected by the company, but had to pay for the 'subsidiary forces' that the company was supposed to maintain for the purpose of this protection.
  • If the Indian rulers failed to make the payment, then part of their territory was taken away as penalty. By the late 18th century, power of the Maratha Empire had weakened in the Indian subcontinent, and India was left with a great number of states, most small and weak.
  • Many rulers accepted the offer of protection by Lord Wellesley, as it gave them security against attack by their neighbours.

Which of the following can be attributed to the growth of Communalism at the end of 19th Century?

1. Growth of Militant Nationalism divided society on communal grounds.

2. Economic backwardness of the country also played a role in growth of communalism.

3. High unemployment among the educated led to appeal for reservation based on religion, caste and

province to secure larger share in existing limited employment opportunities.

  • Communalism is an ideology that because a group of people follow a particular religion they have, as a result, common social, economic and political interest.
  • Thus, the interest of all Hindus are common simply because of the religion that they follow. Or the interest of all Muslims because they are Muslims.
  • This is far from truth for several reasons - for example, Marxian theorists say the worker class – across all religions have common interests that are not common with the capitalism class - of the same religion.

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