UPSC  >  History for UPSC CSE  >  Test: Buddhism & Jainism Download as PDF

Test: Buddhism & Jainism


Test Description

20 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC CSE | Test: Buddhism & Jainism

Test: Buddhism & Jainism for UPSC 2022 is part of History for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Buddhism & Jainism questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Buddhism & Jainism MCQs are made for UPSC 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Buddhism & Jainism below.
Solutions of Test: Buddhism & Jainism questions in English are available as part of our History for UPSC CSE for UPSC & Test: Buddhism & Jainism solutions in Hindi for History for UPSC CSE course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for UPSC Exam by signing up for free. Attempt Test: Buddhism & Jainism | 20 questions in 10 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study History for UPSC CSE for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 1

Which one of the following is not included in the eightfold path of Buddhism?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 1
  • The eightfold Path in Buddhism, an early formulation of the path to enlightenment.
  • The idea of the Eightfold Path appears from the first sermon of the Buddha, which was delivered after his enlightenment.
  • Right desire is not included in the Eightfold path of Buddhism.


Additional Information

  • Eightfold Path, Pali Atthangika-magga, Sanskrit Astangika-marga, in Buddhism, an early formulation of the path to enlightenment.
  • The idea of the Eightfold Path appears in what is regarded as the first sermon of the founder of Buddhism, Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha, which he delivered after his enlightenment.
  • There he sets forth a middle way, the Eightfold Path, between the extremes of asceticism and sensual indulgence.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 2

Which one of the following is not a part of early Jains literature?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 2
  • Therigatha is not a part of early Jains literature. The Therigatha is a Buddhist scripture, a collection of short poems supposedly recited by early members of the Buddhist Sangha in India around 600 BC.

Additional Information

  • The poems in Therigatha were composed orally in the Magadhi language and were passed on orally until about 80 B.C.E., when they were written down in Pali. It consists of 494 verses; while the summaries attribute these verses to 101 different nuns, only 73 identifiable speakers appear in the text.
  • Like the Theragatha, it is organised into chapters that are loosely based on the number of verses in each poem.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 3

The concept of Anuvrata was advocated by

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 3
  • In Jainism, Ahinsa is the standard by which all actions are judged. For a householder observing the small vows (anuvrata), the practice of ahinsa requires that he should not kill any animal life.


Additional Information
The anuvratas are vows to abstain from violence, falsehood, and stealing; to be content with one's own wife; and to limit one's possessions. The other vows are supplementary and meant to strengthen and protect the anuvratas.

Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 4

Svetambara Agama was finally edited at the Jain council of

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 4

Vallabhi has been a famous Jain centre. It was here in 453 or 466 AD, the Vallabhi council of the Jains produced in writing the religious canon under the head of the shraman Devardhigani. Svetambara Agama was finally edited at the Jain council of Vallabhi.

Additional Information

  • Svetambaras trace their practices and dress code to the teachings of Parshvanatha, the 23rd tirthankara, which they believe taught only Four restraints (a claim, scholars say is confirmed by the ancient Buddhist texts that discuss Jain monastic life.).
  •  Mahavira taught Five vows, which Digambara follow. The Digambara sect disagrees with the Svetambara interpretations, and reject the theory of difference in Parshvanatha and Mahāvīra's teachings.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 5

Anekantavada is a core theory and philosophy of which one of the following?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 5
  • Anekantavada is one of the most important and fundamental doctrines of Jainism.
  • It refers to the notion that truth and reality are perceived differently from diverse points of view, and that no single point of view is the complete truth.

Additional Information

  • The doctrine of anekantavada states that all entities have three aspects: substance (dravya), quality (guna), and mode (paryaya).
  • Dravya serves as a substratum for multiple gunas, each of which is itself constantly undergoing transformation or modification.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 6

Milinda Panho is in the form of a dialogue between the king Menander and Buddhist Monk_________?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 6

Milinda Panha is in the form of a dialogue between the Greek King Milinda (Menander I) and the Buddhist monk Nagasena.

Fig: King Milinda & Nagasena
Additional Information

  • The Milinda Pañha is regarded as canonical in Burmese Buddhism, included as part of the book of Khuddaka Nikaya. An abridged version is included as part of Chinese Mahayana translations of the canon.
  • The Milinda Pañha is not regarded as canonical by Thai or Sri Lankan Buddhism, however, despite the surviving Theravāda text being in Sinhalese script.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 7

Who was the founder of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 7
  • Asanga was born as the son of a Kshatriya father and Brahmin mother in Purushapura.
  • Current scholars place him in the fourth century CE. He was perhaps originally a member of the Mahisasaka school or the Mulasarvastivada school but later converted to Mahayana.

Additional Information

  • Mahayana Buddhism is the largest Buddhist sect in the world, and its beliefs and practices are what most non-adherents recognize as "Buddhism" in the modern era.
  • It developed as a school of thought sometime after 383 BCE, possibly from the earlier school known as Mahasanghika, though that claim has been challenged.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 8

Who founded the Lingayat Movement?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 8
  • The Lingayat Community was founded by Basava in the 12th century AD.
  • The Lingayats are Virashaivism.
  • The philosophy of the Lingayatas was influenced by the teachings of both  Shankaracharya and Ramanuja. This sect was characterised by an anti-Brahmanical spirit.

Additional Information

  • The terms Lingayatism and Veerashaivism have been used synonymously, but Veerashaivism may refer to the broader Veerashaiva philosophy which predates Lingayatism, to the historical community now called Lingayats, and to a contemporary (sub) tradition within Lingayatism with Vedic influences.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 9

Syadvad is a doctrine of

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 9
  • Syadvad is a doctrine of Jainism.
  • Syadvad is the philosophy of seeing an individual or an object from various points of view; trying to understand them and acquiring the right knowledge of those things.

Jain Logic

  • Anekanta - 'Multisidedness'the doctrine of non-absolutism
    • Every view is right in some respects
  • Syadvada — the doctrine of conditional statement
    • No view is right in every respect

The Seven Conditional Predications:

  • Relatively, a thing is existent.
  • Relatively, a thing is non-existent
  • Relatively, a thing is both existent and non-existent
  • Relatively, a thing is indescribable
  • Relatively, a thing is existent and is indescribable
  • Relatively, a thing is existent and is indescribable
  • Relatively, a thing is existent, nonexistent and indescribable.

Additional Information
In Jaina metaphysics, the doctrine that all judgments are conditional, holding good only in certain conditions, circumstances, or senses, expressed by the word syāt (Sanskrit: “may be”). The ways of looking at a thing (called naya) are infinite in number.

Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 10

Who became the chief of Jain Sangh after the death of Mahavira?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 10
  • After the death of Mahavira, one of his disciples Sudharma Swami is said to have taken over the leadership.
  • He was the head of Jain community till 515 BCE.

Additional Information

  • Sudharmaswami was the spiritual successor of Indrabhuti Gautama in religious order reorganised by Mahavira.
  • He was traditionally dated from 607 to 506 BCE.
  • He believed in Jain tradition to have obtained omniscience after 12 years in 515 BC.
  • He was believed to have attained nirvana in 507 BC at the age of 100.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 11

Mother of Gautam Buddha belonged to which dynasty?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 11
  • Maya was the mother of the Buddha and was from the Koliyan clan.
  • Maya was born in Devadaha in ancient Nepal.
  • She was married to King Suddhodana, who ruled in the kingdom of Kapilavastu.

Additional Information

  • The territory of the Koliyas was a thin strip of land spanning from the river Sarayū to the Himālayan hills in the north.
  • The Rohiṇī river was the western border of the Koliyas, with their neighbours to the north-west being the Sakyas.
  • In the south-west, the river Anomā or Rāptī separated the Koliyas from the kingdom of Kosala, to the east their neighbours were the Moriyas, and to their north-east they bordered on the Malakas of Kusinārā.
  • The capital of the Koliyas was Rāmagāma, and one of their other settlements was Devadaha.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 12

Buddha is depicted on the coins of

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 12
  • Kanishka’s coins portray images of Indian, Greek, Iranian and even Sumero-Elamite divinities, demonstrating the religious syncretism in his beliefs.
  • The Buddhist coins of Kanishka are comparatively rare.
  • Several coins show Kanishka on the obverse and the Buddha standing on the reverse, in Hellenistic style.

Additional Information

  • Kanishka’s coins portray images of Indian, Greek, Iranian and even Sumero-Elamite divinities, demonstrating the religious syncretism in his beliefs.
  • The Buddhist coins of Kanishka are comparatively rare.
  • Several coins show Kanishka on the obverse and the Buddha standing on the reverse, in Hellenistic style.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 13

Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas. What is the difference between the two?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 13
  • Chaityas refer to the halls enclosing the stupas. Chaityas were probably constructed to hold large numbers of devotees for prayer.
  • Viharas on the other hand are constructions built in ancient India in order to provide resting places for the wandering Buddhist monks.

Additional Information

  • Most early examples of chaitya that survive are Indian rock-cut architecture.
  • Scholars agree that the standard form follows a tradition of free-standing halls made of wood and other plant materials, none of which has survived.
  • The curving ribbed ceilings imitate timber construction.
  • In the earlier examples, timber was used decoratively, with wooden ribs added to stone roofs.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 14

Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 14

Nibbana (Nirvana): The ultimate goal of the Buddha's teaching was the attainment of Nibbana. It is related to extinction of the flame of desire and living in peace.

Additional Information

  • Nirvana has also been claimed by some scholars to be identical with anatta (non-self) and sunyata (emptiness) states though this is hotly contested by other scholars and practicing monks.
  • In time, with the development of the Buddhist doctrine, other interpretations were given, such as the absence of the weaving (vana) of activity of the mind, the elimination of desire, and escape from the woods.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 15

The Buddha delivered his first sermon, known as ‘Turning of the wheel of law’ at

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 15
  • Buddha delivered his first sermon at Sarnath.
  • Sarnath is a city located in the north-east of Varanasi near the confluence of the Ganges and the Gomati rivers in Uttar Pradesh.

Additional Information

  • After his enlightenment, the Buddha preached his First Sermon Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta or 'Turning the Wheel of Dhamma' to five ascetics, who had previously been his companions, in the deer park near Varanasi on the eve of Saturday, the full moon day of July.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 16

In Buddhism, what does Patimokkha stand for?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 16
  • Patimokkha stands for the rules of the Sangha.
  • Buddha Dhamma and Sangha are the three Jewels of Buddhism.

Additional Information

  • In Theravada Buddhism, the Pāṭimokkha is the basic code of monastic discipline, consisting of 227 rules for fully ordained monks (bhikkhus) and 311 for nuns (bhikkhuṇīs).
  • It is contained in the Suttavibhaṅga, a division of the Vinaya Piṭaka.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 17

The Jainas believe that Jainism is the outcome of the teachings of 24 tirthankaras. In the light of this statement, which one among the following is correct of Vardhamana Mahavira?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 17
  • Mahavira was a teacher of the religion of Jainism. He lived in India. His followers believed that he was the 24th in a line of great teachers. These teachers were called tirthankaras.

Additional Information

  • Mahavira is usually depicted in a sitting or standing meditative posture, with the symbol of a lion beneath him.
  • His earliest iconography is from archaeological sites in the North Indian city of Mathura and is dated from between the 1st century BCE and the 2nd century CE.
  • His birth is celebrated as Mahavir Janma Kalyanak and his nirvana (salvation) and also his first shishya (spiritual enlightenment) of Shri Gautama Swami is observed by Jains as Diwali.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 18

The Fourth Buddhist Council was held in Kashmir under the leadership of_______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 18
  • The Fourth Buddhist Council was held at Kundalvana, Kashmir in 72 AD under the patronage of Kushan king Kanishka and the president of this council was Vasumitra, with Asvaghosa as his deputy.
  • This council distinctly divided Buddhism into 2 sects- Mahayana & Hinayan.

Additional Information

  • Fourth Buddhist Council is the name of two separate Buddhist council meetings.
  • The first one was held in Sri Lanka and is traditionally attributed to the 1st century BCE.
  • In this fourth Buddhist council the Theravadin Pali Canon was for the first time committed to writing, on palm leaves.
  • The second one was held by the Sarvastivada school, in Kashmir around the 1st century CE.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 19

Who is supposed to be the future Buddha in Mahayana Buddhism?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 19
  • Mahayana Buddhism emerged in the first century CE as a more liberal, accessible interpretation of Buddhism.
  • Maitreya is a transcendent Bodhisattva named as the universal Buddha of a future time in Mahayana Buddhism.
Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 20

Where did Buddha attain Parinirvana?

Detailed Solution for Test: Buddhism & Jainism - Question 20

Buddha attained Parinirvana at Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh.

Additional Information

  • Parinirvana is a Mahayana Buddhist festival that marks the death of the Buddha.
  • It is also known as Nirvana Day and is celebrated on February 15th.
  • Buddhists celebrate the death of the Buddha because they believe that having attained Enlightenment, he achieved freedom from physical existence and its sufferings.
156 videos|558 docs|338 tests
Use Code STAYHOME200 and get INR 200 additional OFF
Use Coupon Code
Information about Test: Buddhism & Jainism Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for Test: Buddhism & Jainism solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for Test: Buddhism & Jainism, EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice