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17th June, 1998 = (1997 years + Period from 1.1.1998 to 17.6.1998)
Odd days in 1600 years = 0
Odd days in 300 years = (5 x 3) ≡ 1
97 years has 24 leap years + 73 ordinary years.
Number of odd days in 97 years ( 24 x 2 + 73) = 121 = 2 odd days.
Jan. Feb. March April May June
(31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 17) = 168 days
Therefore 168 days = 24 weeks = 0 odd day.
Total number of odd days = (0 + 1 + 2 + 0) = 3.
Given day is Wednesday.
We shall find the day on 1st April, 2001.
1st April, 2001 = (2000 years + Period from 1.1.2001 to 1.4.2001)
Odd days in 1600 years = 0
Odd days in 400 years = 0
Jan. Feb. March April
(31 + 28 + 31 + 1) = 91 days ≡ 0 odd days.
Total number of odd days = (0 + 0 + 0) = 0
On 1st April, 2001 it was Sunday.
In April, 2001 Wednesday falls on 4^{th}, 11^{th}, 18^{th} and 25^{th}
16th July, 1776 = (1775 years + Period from 1st Jan, 1776 to 16th July, 1776)
Counting of odd days :
1600 years have 0 odd day
100 years have 5 odd days
75 years = (18 leap years + 57 ordinary years)
= [(18 x 2) + (57 x 1)]
= 93 (13 weeks + 2 days)
= 2 odd days
1775 years have (0 + 5 + 2) odd days = 7 odd days = 0 odd day
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul
31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 16
= 198 days
= (28 weeks + 2 days)
Total number of odd days = (0 + 2) = 2
Required day was 'Tuesday'.
x weeks x days = (7x + x) days
= 8x days.
15th August, 2010 = (2009 years + Period 1.1.2010 to 15.8.2010)
Odd days in 1600 years = 0
Odd days in 400 years = 0
9 years = (2 leap years + 7 ordinary years) = (2 x 2 + 7 x 1) = 11 odd days ≡ 4 odd days.
Jan. Feb. March April Mayb June July Aug.
(31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 15) = 227 days
∴ 227 days = (32 weeks + 3 days) ≡ 3 odd days.
Total number of odd days = (0 + 0 + 4 + 3) = 7 ≡ 0 odd days.
Given day is Sunday
It was Sunday on Jan 1, 2006. What was the day of the Week Jan 1, 2010
On 31st December, 2005 it was Saturday.
Number of odd days from the year 2006 to the year 2009 = (1 + 1 + 2 + 1) = 5 days.
∴ On 31st December 2009, it was Thursday.
Thus, on 1st Jan, 2010 it is Friday.
Each day of the week is repeated after 7 days.
So, after 63 days, it will be Monday.
After 61 days, it will be Saturday.
100 years contain 5 odd days.
∴ Last day of 1st century is Friday.
200 years contain (5 x 2) ≡ 3 odd days.
∴ Last day of 2nd century is Wednesday.
300 years contain (5 x 3) = 15 ≡ 1 odd day.
∴ Last day of 3rd century is Monday.
400 years contain 0 odd day.
∴ Last day of 4th century is Sunday.
This cycle is repeated.
∴ Last day of a century cannot be Tuesday or Thursday or Saturday.
On 8^{th} Feb,2005 it was Tuesday.What was the day of the Week on 8th Feb,2004?
The year 2004 is a leap year. It has 2 odd days.
∴ The day on 8th Feb, 2004 is 2 days before the day on 8th Feb, 2005.
Hence, this day is Sunday.
28 May, 2006 = (2005 years + Period from 1.1.2006 to 28.5.2006)
Odd days in 1600 years = 0
Odd days in 400 years = 0
5 years = (4 ordinary years + 1 leap year) = (4 x 1 + 1 x 2) ≡ 6 odd days
Jan. Feb. March April May
(31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 28 ) = 148 days
∴ 148 days = (21 weeks + 1 day) ≡ 1 odd day.
Total number of odd days = (0 + 0 + 6 + 1) = 7 ≡ 0 odd day.
Given day is Sunday.
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