UPSC  >  History for UPSC CSE  >  Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 Download as PDF

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4


Test Description

30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC CSE | Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 for UPSC 2022 is part of History for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 MCQs are made for UPSC 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 below.
Solutions of Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 questions in English are available as part of our History for UPSC CSE for UPSC & Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 solutions in Hindi for History for UPSC CSE course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for UPSC Exam by signing up for free. Attempt Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 | 30 questions in 36 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study History for UPSC CSE for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?
Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 1

Consider the following statements:

1. Pitched Roof is a term used by Architect to describe a plain roof.

2. Bombay Municipal Corporation Building is a fusion of Oriental gothic design.

Which of the following is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 1
  • Pitched roof is a term used by architects to describe a sloping roof. By the early twentieth century pitched roofs became less common in bungalows, although the general plan remained the same.

  • The Municipal Corporation Building, Bombay, designed by F. W. Stevens in 1888, this became a perfect example of fusion of Oriental and Gothic designs.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 2

Which of the following was called 'Nursery of Bengal Army'?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 2 The large majority of the sepoys of the Bengal Army were recruited from the villages of Awadh and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Many of them were Brahmins or from the “upper” castes. Awadh was, in fact, called the “nursery of the Bengal Army’’.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 3

From which of the following 1857 rebels the term " chaurasi des" is associated?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 3
  • Shah Mal lived in a large village in pargana Baraut in Uttar Pradesh. He belonged to a clan of Jat cultivators whose kinship ties extended over chaurasee des (eighty-four villages).

  • The lands in the region were irrigated and fertile, with rich dark loam soil. Many of the villagers were prosperous and saw the British land revenue system as oppressive: the revenue demand was high and its collection inflexible.

  • Consequently cultivators were losing land to outsiders, to traders and moneylenders who were coming into the area. Shah Mal mobilised the headmen and cultivators of chaurasi des, moving at night from village to village, urging people to rebel against the British.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 4

The term 'Saracen' was designated to?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 4 Towards the beginning of the twentieth century a new hybrid architectural style developed which combined the Indian with the European. This was called Indo-Saracenic. “Indo” was shorthand for Hindu and “Saracen” was a term Europeans used to designate Muslim.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 5

What does Ganj mean?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 5 Ganj refers to a small fixed market. Both qasbah and ganj dealt in cloth, fruit, vegetables and milk products.

They provided for noble families and the army.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 6

According to the Colonial government, which of the following was considered as 'Safe Haven Away From Epidemics'.

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 6 Hill stations became strategic places for billeting troops, guarding frontiers and launching campaigns against enemy rulers. The temperate and cool climate of the Indian hills was seen as an advantage, particularly since the British associated hot weather with epidemics.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 7

On what basis, Towns were labelled as 'Black and White' ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 7
  • Indian merchants, artisans and other workers who had economic dealings with European merchants lived outside these forts in settlements of their own.

  • Thus, from the beginning there were separate quarters for Europeans and Indians, which came to be labelled in contemporary writings as the “White Town” and “Black Town” respectively. Once the British captured political power these racial distinctions became sharper.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 8

Consider the following statements:

1. Dhaka

2. Madras

3. Surat

Which of these commercial centres declined during colonial rule?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 8 From the mid-eighteenth century, there was a new phase of change. Commercial centres such as Surat, Masulipatnam and Dhaka, which had grown in the seventeenth century, declined when trade shifted to other places.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 9

Consider the following statements:

(1) People believed that enquiries were being conducted to impose new taxes.

(2) Upper-caste people were unwilling to give any information regarding the women of their household.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are not correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 9
  • For a long while they were suspicious of census operations and believed that enquiries were being conducted to impose new taxes.

  • Upper-caste people were also unwilling to give any information regarding the women of their household: women were supposed to remain secluded within the interior of the household and not subjected to public gaze or public enquiry.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 10

Consider the following statements:

1. Mirzapur developed into cotton trade when the railway line was made to Bombay which actually facilitated trade.

2. Bareilly declined due to introduction of Railways.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 10 Mirzapur on the Ganges, which specialised in collecting cotton and cotton goods from the Deccan, declined when a railway link was made to Bombay. With the expansion of the railway network, railway workshops and railway colonies were established. Railway towns like Jamalpur, Waltair and Bareilly developed.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 11

In which of the following sessions of Indian National Congress, Mahatma Gandhi had said, "Gandhi may die but Gandhism will remain forever"?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 11 In the Karachi Session 1931 of India National Congress, Mahatma Gandhi had said "Gandhi may die but Gandhism will remain forever."

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 12

Who was the political mentor of Mahatma Gandhi?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 12
  • “Moderates” who preferred a more gradual and persuasive approach. Among these Moderates was Gandhiji’s acknowledged political mentor, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, as well as Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who, like Gandhiji, was a lawyer of Gujarati extraction trained in London.

  • On Gokhale’s advice, Gandhiji spent a year travelling around British India, getting to know the land and its peoples.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 13

Which struggle against British made Mahatma Gandhi a truly national leader?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 13
  • Gandhiji called for a countrywide campaign against the “Rowlatt Act”. The situation in the province grew progressively tenser, reaching a bloody climax in Amritsar in April 1919, when a British Brigadier ordered his troops to open fire on a nationalist meeting. More than four hundred people were killed in what is known as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. It was the Rowlatt satyagraha that made Gandhi a truly national leader.

  • Emboldened by its success, Gandhiji called for a campaign of “non-cooperation” with British rule.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 14

Which was the first Congress Session to be presided by Jawaharlal Nehru?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 14
  • In the end of December 1929, the Congress held its annual session in the city of Lahore. The meeting was significant for two things: the election of Jawaharlal Nehru as President, signifying the passing of the baton of leadership to the younger generation

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 15

Which of the following was the immediate reason for choosing salt as a symbol of struggle in Dandi March?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 15
  • Soon after the observance of this “Independence Day”, Mahatma Gandhi announced that he would lead a march to break one of the most widely disliked laws in\ British India, which gave the state a monopoly in the manufacture and sale of salt.

  • His picking on the salt monopoly was another illustration of Gandhiji’s tactical wisdom. For in every Indian household, salt was indispensable; yet people were forbidden from making salt even for domestic use, compelling them to buy it from shops at a high price. The state monopoly over salt was deeply unpopular; by making it his target, Gandhiji hoped to mobilise a wider discontent against British rule.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 16

Who was the Viceroy of India during the Salt March?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 16
  • The Irwin Declaration of October 1929 committed Britain to eventual Dominion Status for India. Despite such a policy having been implicit for a decade, the Declaration was denounced by many at the Tory Right New Delhi Conference of December 1929 between Irwin and the Indian leaders failed to reach agreement.

  • Gandhi now began a campaign of civil disobedience with a view to achieving complete independence

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 17

From where Mahatma Gandhi started his journey toward the ocean to break Salt law?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 17 On 12 March 1930, Gandhiji began walking from his ashram at Sabarmati towards the ocean. He reached his destination three weeks later, making a fistful of salt as he did and thereby making himself a criminal in the eyes of the law. Meanwhile, parallel salt marches were being conducted in other parts of the country.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 18

Which one of the following was a very significant aspect of the Champaran Satyagraha?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 18
  • India's first Civil Disobedience Movement, Champaran Satyagraha, was launched by Mahatma Gandhi to protest against the injustice meted out to tenant farmers in Champaran district of Bihar. It is widely regarded as the place where Gandhi made his first experiments in Satyagraha and then replicated them elsewhere.

  • During British rule, many tenant farmers were forced to grow indigo on part of their land, often working under oppressive conditions. This indigo was used to make dye. But the demand for indigo dropped when the Germans invented a cheaper artificial dye.

  • However, during the First World War, the German dye ceased to be available and indigo once more became profitable for the British. Many tenants were forced again into indigo cultivation - required by their lease under British law.

  • This led to anger and resentment among the tenants, with several alleging that the landlords were using strong- arm tactics. A farmer named Raj Kumar Shukla appealed to Gandhiji to organize the struggle to save the plantation workers.

  • Shukla's persuasion paid off and Gandhi visited the district in April 1917 and Satyagraha started. The main objective of the Satyagraha was to create awakening among the peasants against the European planters.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 19

With reference to Rowlatt Satyagraha, which of the following statements is / are correct?

(1). The Rowlatt Act was based on the recommendations of the Sedition Committee

(2). In Rowlatt Satyagraha, Gandhiji tried to utilize the Home Rule League.

(3). Demonstrations against the arrival of Simon Commission coincided with Rowlatt Satyagraha

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 19
  • The Rowlatt committee was a Sedition Committee appointed in 1918 by the British Indian Government with Mr Justice Rowlatt, an English judge, as its president. The purpose of the committee was to evaluate political terrorism in India, especially Bengal and Punjab, its impact, and the links with the German government and the Bolsheviks in Russia.

  • Rowlatt Act was a legislative act passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in Delhi on March 18, 1919 on the recommendations of the Sedition Committee. Hence, statement 1 is correct. In organizing Rowlatt Satyagraha, Gandhiji tried to utilize three types of political networks- the Home Rule League, certain Pan-Islamist groups, and a Satyagraha Sabha which he himself started at Bombay. Hence, statement 2 is also correct.

  • The Simon Commission arrived in India in 1928 to inquire into the causes of the rise of revolutionary activities in 1920s, widespread distress caused by falling agricultural prices, the general dissatisfaction of the people of India with the Govt. ds of India Act 1919. It was greeted with the slogan 'Simon Go Back. Demonstrations against the Commission were held all over India supported by all parties including the Congress and the Muslim League. These demonstrations did not coincide with Rowlatt Satyagraha. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 20

Who addressed Gandhiji as the "Father of the Nation" for the first time?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 20 Subhash Chandra Bose addressed Gandhiji as the "Father of the Nation" for the first time. Mahatma Gandhi is revered in India as the Father of the Nation. Much before the Constitution of Free India conferred the title of the Father of the Nation upon the Mahatma, it was Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose who first addressed him as such in his condolence message to the Mahatma on the demise of Kasturba.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 21

What is the correct chronological order of movements led by Gandhi ji?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 21 Champaran Satyagraha (1917), Kheda Peasant Satyagraha (1918), Khilafat and non-Cooperation Movement (1920-21), Individual Civil Disobedience (1933).

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 22

Consider the following statements:

(1) In 1939 Congress Ministers resigned due to rift between Swarajists and no changers.

(2) Purna Swaraj was accepted as Congress goal at the Karachi session 1931.

Which of the following is/are correct?

(a) Only I

(b) Only II

(c) Both

(d) None of the above


Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 22
  • In September 1939, two years after the Congress ministries assumed office, the Second World War broke out. Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru had both been strongly critical of Hitler and the Nazis.

  • Accordingly, they promised Congress support to the war effort if the British, in return, promised to grant India independence once hostilities ended. The offer was refused. In protest, the Congress ministries resigned in October 1939. Purna Swaraj” was accepted as Congress goal at the Lahore Congress (December) 1929

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 23

Why Gandhiji was not well satisfied with India's independence?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 23
  • Mahatma Gandhi was not present at the festivities in the capital on 15 August 1947. He was in Calcutta, but he did not attend any function or hoist a flag there either. Gandhiji marked the day with a 24-hour fast. The freedom he had struggled so long for had come at an unacceptable price, with a nation divided and Hindus and Muslims at each other’s throats.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 24

Which of the following was the second Satyagraha of Gandhi ji in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 24 Ahmedabad Mill Strike, 1918 was the second movement led by Gandhi ji in India. The Mill Owners wanted to withdraw the bonus while the workers demanded a 50% wage hike against 20% offered by the Mill Owners.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 25

Which of the following is correct about Mahatma Gandhi's perception about divided India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 25 Mahatma Gandhi permitted himself the hope “that though geographically and politically India is divided into two, at heart we shall ever be friends and brothers helping and respecting one another and be one for the outside world”.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 26

According to whom Mahatma gandhi was "an appeaser of muslims"?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 26 Gandhiji was shot dead by a young man. The assassin, who surrendered afterwards, was a Brahmin from Pune named Nathuram Godse, the editor of an extremist Hindu newspaper who had denounced Gandhiji as “an appeaser of Muslims”.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 27

A 'Bunch of old letters' was actually a collection of letters received by the editor of this book.

Who is this editor?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 27 Nehru edited a collection of letters written to him during the national movement and published a Bunch of Old Letters.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 28

Which Newspaper / Magazine criticised the Civil Disobedience Movement?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 28 Moderate paper Vividh Vritt pointed out the futility of the movement and opined that it could not achieve the end in view. It, however, reminded the government that repression would defeat its purpose.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 29

Who formed the All Bengal Civil Disobedience Council?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 29 Mr. J.M. Sengupta has formed an All-Bengal Civil Disobedience Council, and the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee has formed an All Bengal Council of Disobedience. But beyond forming councils no active steps have yet been taken in the matter of civil disobedience in Bengal.

Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 30

Who among them was ideologically different from the other three?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 - Question 30
  • In the 1920s, Jawaharlal Nehru was increasingly influenced by socialism, and he returned from Europe in 1928 deeply impressed with the Soviet Union.

  • As he began working closely with the socialists (Jayaprakash Narayan, Narendra Dev, N.G. Ranga and others), a rift developed between the socialists and the conservatives within the Congress.

  • After becoming the Congress President in 1936, Nehru spoke passionately against fascism, and upheld the demands of workers and peasants. Worried by Nehru’s socialist rhetoric, the conservatives, led by Rajendra Prasad and Sardar Patel, threatened to resign from the Working Committee, and some prominent industrialists in Mumbai issued a statement attacking Nehru

156 videos|558 docs|338 tests
Use Code STAYHOME200 and get INR 200 additional OFF
Use Coupon Code
Information about Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4 solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for Test: Class 12 History NCERT Based- 4, EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice