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Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3


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Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 1

Which among them is not correct regarding developments in Hinduism in the Medieval period?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 1
  • During the medieval period, important changes occurred in what we call Hinduism today. These included the worship of new deities, the construction of temples by royalty and the growing importance of Brahmanas, the priests, as dominant groups in society.

  • Their knowledge of Sanskrit texts earned the Brahmanas a lot of respect in society. Their dominant position was consolidated by the support of their patrons — new rulers searching for prestige.

Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 2

Which of the following statement is not correct:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 2 Muslim Sultans and Padshahs did not claim to be incarnations of god but Persian court chronicles described the Sultan as the “Shadow of God”.

Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 3

Which community was associated with the work of goldsmith and bronze Smith in the medieval era?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 3 The Craftspersons of Bidar were so famed for their inlay work in copper and silver that it came to be called Bidri. The Panchalas or Vishwakarma community, consisting of goldsmiths, bronze smiths, blacksmiths, masons and carpenters, were essential to the building of temples.

Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 4

The term ‘Dehliwal’ in medieval history is used for:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 4 Many rich Jaina merchants lived in the city and constructed several temples. Coins minted here, called dehliwal, had a wide circulation.

Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 5

In the context of early Medieval architecture, consider the following statement:

1. Number of windows and doors were reduced.

2. Trabeate style was used in the construction of temples, mosques, tombs.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 5
  • Between the seventh and tenth centuries, architects started adding more rooms, doors and windows to buildings.

  • Roofs, doors and windows were still made by placing a horizontal beam across two vertical columns, a style of architecture called “trabeate” or “corbelled”.

  • Between the eighth and thirteenth centuries, the trabeate style was used in the construction of temples, mosques, tombs and buildings attached to large stepped-wells (baolis).

Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 6

Which of the following statements is correct in the context of Ahoms?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 6 The Ahom state depended upon forced labour called paiks. The adult males served in the army during the war. At other times, they were engaged in building dams, irrigation systems and other public works.
  • During the first half of the seventeenth century, however, the influence of Brahmanas increased. Temples and Brahmanas were granted land by the king.

  • In the reign of Sib Singh (1714-1744), Hinduism became the predominant religion. But the Ahom kings did not completely give up their traditional beliefs after adopting Hinduism.

  • Historical works, known as buranjis, were also written – first in the Ahom language and then in Assamese.

  • Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 7

    Founder of which dynasty was feudatory of the Pallavas before gaining power?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 7
    • Vijayalaya, a feudatory of the Pallava dynasty, took an opportunity arising out of a conflict between the Pandya dynasty and Pallava dynasty in c. 850, captured Thanjavur from Mutharaiyar, and established the imperial line of the medieval Chola Dynasty. Thanjavur became the capital of the Imperial Chola Dynasty.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 8

    Consider the following statement:

    1. Char bagh means four gardens, because of their symmetrical division into quarters.

    2. Charbagh style was brought to India by Mughals.

    Which of the following statements is/are correct?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 8
    • Char bagh means four gardens, because of their symmetrical division into quarters.

    • Babur described his interest in planning and laying out formal gardens, placed within rectangular walled enclosures and divided into four quarters by artificial channels.

    • Charbagh style was brought to India by Mughals. Humayun’s tomb and Taj Mahal in India are the most famous examples of this style.

     

     

     

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 9

    Which of the following statements is not correct in the context of Mughal-tribal relation?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 9 In 1565, the Mughal forces under Asaf Khan attacked Garha Katanga. Strong resistance was put up by Rani Durgawati. She was defeated and preferred to die rather than surrender. Her son, too, died fighting soon after.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 10

    Consider the following statement regarding Nagabhata:

    1. He defeated the king of Vanga, Vatsa and Matsya but was defeated by combined forces of Arabs and Turks.

    2. He belonged to Gurjara-Pratiharas dynasty.

    3. His prashasti was written in Sanskrit, found in Kannauj, the capital of his dynasty.

    Which of the given statements is/are correct?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 10
    • Nagabhata I (r. c. 730-760 CE) founded the imperial Gurjara Pratihara dynasty.

    • He defeated the king of Vanga, Vatsa and Matsya. He also defeated combined forces of Arabs and Turks.

    • But prashasti dedicated to him was found in Gwalior, MP.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 11

    Which among them is not correct regarding developments in medieval architecture?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 11
    • Interior of the temple of Govind Deva in Vrindavan, 1590. The temple was constructed out of red sandstone and intersecting arches were used that made the high ceiling roof.

    • The creation of large empires that brought different regions under their rule helped in this cross-fertilisation of artistic forms and architectural styles. Limestone cement was increasingly used in construction.

    • This was very high-quality cement, which, when mixed with stone chips hardened into concrete.

    • The weight of the superstructure above the doors and windows was sometimes carried by arches. This architectural form was called “arcuate”.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 12

    Consider the following statement:

    1. Surat city had a huge wholesale and retail textile market.

    2. Ports in Bombay were developed to support Surat's sea route trade.

    3. Surat was a gateway to trade with west and pilgrimage to Mecca

    Which of the following statements is not responsible for the prosperity of Surat city in the medieval era?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 12
    • Development of Bombay was the reason for the decline of surat.

    • Surat began to decline towards the end of the seventeenth century because of many factors: the loss of markets and productivity because of the decline of the Mughal Empire, control of the sea routes by the Portuguese and competition from Bombay (present-day Mumbai) where the English East India Company shifted its headquarters in 1668.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 13

    Consider the following statement:

    1. First detailed and quite accurate map of Indian Subcontinent was made by a French cartographer.

    2. Definitions of the words like “Hindustan” and “foreigner” was different in medieval times from today.

    3. Corn and Chillies were the main exports from India to Persia in the early medieval period.

    Which of the following statements is/are correct in the context of the medieval period?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 13
    • First detailed and quite accurate map of Indian Subcontinent was made by a French cartographer. It was very detailed and accurate.

    • The term “Hindustan”, for example. Today we understand it as “India”, the modern nation-state. When the term was used in the thirteenth century by Minhaj-I-Siraj, a chronicler who wrote in Persian, he meant the areas of Punjab, Haryana and the lands between the Ganga and Yamuna. He used the term in a political sense for lands that were a part of the dominions of the Delhi Sultan. The areas included in this term shifted with the extent of the Sultanate but the term never included south India within it.

    • In the medieval period a “foreigner” was any stranger who appeared in a given village, someone who was not a part of that society or culture. New foods and beverages arrived in the subcontinent: potatoes, corn, chillies, tea and coffee from Arab and Persia. These were imported to India.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 14

    Consider the following pairs:

    1. Kandariya Mahadeva temple– Dhangadeva

    2. Rajarajeshwara temple– Rajaraja I

    3. Humayun’s tomb - Akbar

    Which of the following statements is/are correct?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 14 1 and 2 are correctly matched. The Humayun’s tomb was commissioned by Humayun's first wife and chief consort, Empress Bega Begum.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 15

    Which of the following statements is not correct in the context of European effect on Indian trade?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 15
    • The spurt in demand for goods like textiles led to a great expansion of the crafts of spinning, weaving, bleaching, dyeing, etc. with more and more people taking them up.

    • This period saw the decline of the independence of Crafts Persons. They now began to work on a system of advances which meant that they had to weave cloth which was already promised to European agents.

    • Weavers no longer had the liberty of selling their cloth. European Companies used their naval power to gain control of the sea trade and forced Indian traders to work as their agents.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 16

    With reference to the history of India, consider the following:

    1. Muvendavelan - a velan or peasant serving three kings.

    2. Vellanvagai - land for the maintenance of a school

    3. Shalabhoga - land of non-Brahmana peasant proprietors

    4. Araiyar - chief

    Which among these are correctly matched?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 16
    • Chola kings gave some rich landowners titles like muvendavelan (a velan or peasant serving three kings), araiyar (chief). Chola inscriptions mention several categories of land.

    • Vellanvagai- land of non-Brahmana peasant proprietors

    • Brahmadeya- land gifted to Brahmanas.

    • Shalabhoga -land for the maintenance of a school Devadana, tirunamattukkani-land gifted to temples Palli Chhandam-land donated to Jaina institutions.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 17

    Which of the following statements is not correct about Qutb Minar?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 17
    • Pattern created under the balcony by the small arches and geometrical designs. These are in Arabic. Notice that the surface of the minar is curved and angular. Placing an inscription on such a surface required great precision. Only the most skilled craftsperson could perform this task. Remember that very few buildings were made of stone or brick 800 years ago.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 18

    Which of the following is the immediate reason responsible for the decline of Masulipatnam?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 18
    • Masulipatnam was the chief port of Golconda. When Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb annexed Golconda in 1686-1687, this caused the European Companies to look for alternatives.

    • As the Company traders moved to Bombay, Calcutta (present-day Kolkata) and Madras (present-day Chennai), Masulipatnam lost both its merchants and prosperity and decline in the eighteenth century, being today nothing more than a dilapidated little town.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 19

    Which dynasty ruled for the longest period in Delhi sultanate?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 19 Tughluqs ruled for the longest which is 93 Years (1320-1413).

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 20

    Consider the following statements:

    1. Temples were destroyed as these demonstrated other king’s power and wealth.

    2. Chola king Rajendra I took away the gold statue of the Buddha when he attacked Sri Lanka.

    Which of the given statement is/are not correct?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 20 In the early ninth century when the Pandyan king Shrimara Shrivallabha invaded Sri Lanka and defeated the king, Sena I (831-851), the Buddhist monk and chronicler Dhammakitti noted: “he removed all the valuables ... The statue of the Buddha made entirely of gold in the Jewel Palace”.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 21

    Which of the given statements is not correct about 11th and 12th-century Indian society?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 21 Many dominant tribes of Punjab, Sind and the North-West Frontier had adopted Islam. They continued to reject the caste system. Jatis, rather than varna, became the basis for organising society. Among the Kshatriyas, new Rajput clans became powerful by the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Specialised artisans – smiths, carpenters and masons– were also recognised as separate jatis by the Brahmanas.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 22

    The big temples of Thanjavur were built by which dynasty’s rulers?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 22 The big temples of Thanjavur and Gangaikondacholapuram, built by Rajaraja and Rajendra, are architectural and sculptural marvels.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 23

    Which Delhi sultanate ruler described himself as prophet Moses and Solomon?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 23 Alauddin khilji described himself as Moses and Solomon, the great law-givers of the past. Most of them used to describe themselves as the shadow of God.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 24

    Regarding Gonds, which of the given statements is correct?

    1. Garhs were divided into 84 villages called barhots.

    2. They rejected both the caste system and orthodox Hinduism.

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 24
    • Each Garh was controlled by a particular Gond clan. This was further divided into units of 84 villages called Chaurasi.

    • The chaurasia was subdivided into barhots which were made up of 12 villages each. The emergence of large states changed the nature of Gond society.

    • Their equal society gradually got divided into unequal social classes. Brahmanas received land grants from the Gond rajas and became more influential.

    • The Gond chiefs now wished to be recognised as Rajputs. Above statement shows that they later adapted in the caste system.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 25

    Consider the following statement:

    1. Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni looted many wealthy temples, including that of Somnath, Gujarat.

    2. Sultan Muhammad Ghori defeated Chahamana ruler Prithviraja III in very first battle.

    Which of the given statements is not correct?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 25
    • Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, Afghanistan. He ruled from 997 to 1030, and extended control over parts of Central Asia, Iran and the north-western part of the subcontinent. He raided the subcontinent almost every year – his targets were wealthy temples, including that of Somnath, Gujarat.

    • The best-known Chahamana ruler was Prithviraja III (1168-1192), who defeated an Afghan ruler named Sultan Muhammad Ghori in 1191, but lost to him the very next year, in 1192.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 26

    Which of the following statements describes ‘Pishtaq And ‘ Hasht bihisht’ correctly?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 26 Tall gateway-pishtaq became important aspects of Mughal architecture, first visible in Humayun’s tomb. The tradition is known as “eight paradises” or hasht bihisht – a central hall surrounded by eight rooms.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 27

    In the context of major tribes of the medieval period, consider the following :

    1. Khokhar - Punjab

    2. Balochis - present-day Pakistan

    3. Kolis - Chhattisgarh

    Which among these are correctly matched?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 27 1 and 2 are correctly matched. The Maharashtra highlands and Karnataka were home to Kolis, Beards and numerous others. Kolis also lived in many areas of Gujarat.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 28

    Vetti and Kadamai, found in inscriptions of cholas, are a kind of?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 28 The inscriptions of the Cholas who ruled in Tamil Nadu refer to more than 400 terms for different kinds of taxes. The most frequently mentioned tax is vetti, taken not in cash but the form of forced labour, and kadamai, or land revenue.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 29

    Which of the following statement is not correct in the context of architectural developments in Shah Jahan's reign :

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 29
    • The ceremonial halls of the public and private audience (diwan-i Khas or am) were carefully planned.

    • These courts were also described as chihil sutun or forty pillared halls, placed within a large courtyard.

    • Shah Jahan’s audience halls were specially constructed to resemble a mosque.

    • The pedestal on which his throne was placed was frequently described as the qibla.

    • Series of pietra dura inlays were used behind the emperor’s throne only. It depicted the legendary Greek god Orpheus playing the lute.

    Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 30

    Consider the following statement:

    1. The phrase "Fishing in Troubled Waters" was used for Masulipatnam.

    2. This city was walled from all sides using an interlocking technique.

    Which of the following statements is/are correct?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 History NCERT Based- 3 - Question 30 Statement 1 is correct. As per the description of Masulipatnam by William Methwold, Masulipatnam was small, populous, unwalled and ill built town. No evidence has been found to prove that it was walled.
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