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Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2


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20 Questions MCQ Test Science & Technology for UPSC CSE | Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 for UPSC 2022 is part of Science & Technology for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 below.
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Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 1

Coke contains approximately _____ carbon.

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 1

Coke is obtained from destructive distillation of coal. Coke contains approximately 98% carbon. It is used in blast furnace.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 2

Coal and petroleum can be categorised as :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 2

Coal and petroleum are non living natural resources. They are present in earth crust in limited quantity. Coal and petroleum is nonreplenishable natural resources.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 3

Type of coal that can serve as good heating fuel for domestic purpose is :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 3

Anthracite coal is used as fuel in domestic purpose for cooking food. It contain about 70% carbon content and provide sufficient heat for cooking.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 4

Coal was formed during :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 4

Coal was formed during carboniferous period. Lots of plants are present on earth that get buried inside the earth crust due to valconic eruption.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 5

The youngest form of coal is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 5

Peat is considered as youngest form of coal. This kind of coal are formed more recently as compared to other kinds of coal.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 6

The category of coal which is better known as brown coal is :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 6

Lignite coal is known as brown coal as this coal is brown in colour due to presence of less quantity of carbon content.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 7

That category of coal which has high heat value but very little moisture is :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 7

Because of its relatively high heat value and low (less than 3 percent) moisture content, its ease of transportation and storage, and its abundance, bituminous coal has the broadest range of commercial uses among the coals.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 8

The type of coal that can be used to produce coke is :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 8

Coke is produced by destructive distillation of bituminous coal. Bituminous coal contain very less amount of moisture in it.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 9

Coke is used to manufacture :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 9

Producer gas is a combustible gas manufactured by blowing a mixture of steam and air upwards through a bed of hot coke, or coal, such that the fuel is completely gasified. The gas obtained from coke consists mainly of a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen with the nitrogen from the blast of air.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 10

At the petroleum refinery, crude oil mixture is :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 10

Crude oil is obtained from earth crust that contains petrol, diesel, kerosene oil etc. At the petroleum refinery, different types are separated by fractional distillation.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 11

Coal contains mainly :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 11

The constituent of coal is Carbon. Beside carbon hydrogen, oxygen and sulphur is also present in coal.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 12

Coal is classified according to:

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 12

Different kinds of coal are found in earth crust. They are classified into different categories on basis of carbon content in it.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 13

When heated in air, coal burns to produce :

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 14

Coal gas can be obtained from :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 14

Coal gas can be obtained from destructive distillation of coal and from coal beds present above the coal mines.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 15

_____ is the household coal.

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 15

Bituminous coal: It is the common household coal. It is the most abundant f and Is compact, black, contains more carbon and produces more heat than peat and lignite.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 16

A pure form of carbon is :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 16

A pure form of carbon is coke. Coke is obtained from destructive distillation of coal in absence of oxygen.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 17

Most inferior quality coal is :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 17

The quality of coal is determined on the basis of percentage of carbon in the coal and presence of moisture in it. Peat coal contains least amount of carbon with lots of moisture.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 18

Coal gas is a mixture of :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 18

Coal gas is a mixture of hydrogen, methane and carbon monoxide. It is used as fuel in industrial application.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 19

Anthracite contains upto _____ percent carbon:

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 19

Anthracite coal contains upto 92 to 98% carbon. It is a good quality of coal that is used in household fuel.

Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 20

Soft coal is _____ :

Detailed Solution for Test: Coal & Petroleum- 2 - Question 20

Lignite is soft, brown combustible sedimentary rock formed from naturally compressed peat coal. It is referred as brown coal and considered the lowest rank of coal.

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