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What has become the most visible symbol of the democratic process?
Elections have today become the most visible symbol of the democratic process.
What type of democracy is one in which citizens directly participate in the day-to-day decision-making and government running?
Direct democracy is where the citizens directly participate in the government’s day-to-day decision-making and government running.
How many seats did the congress party win in the Lok Sabha elections of 1984?
In the Lok Sabha elections of 1984, the congress party came to power, winning 415 of the 543 Lok Sabha seats.
How many seats did the congress party win in 1984 as a whole?
The congress party won four-fifths of the seats.
Name the method in which a candidate who is ahead of others or crosses the winning post first is the winner?
In the electoral race, the candidate who is ahead of others, which crosses the winning post, is the winner. This method is called the Plurality System.
How many variations could there be in the PR system?
Answer : b
There are many variations in electoral systems, but the most common systems are first-past-the-post voting, Block Voting, the two-round (runoff) system, proportional representation and ranked voting.
What does the FPTP system generally give the largest party or coalition more than their share of votes would allow?
The FPTP system generally gives the largest party or coalition some bonus seats, more than their share of votes would allow.
How many of the 543 elected seats in the Lok Sabha are reserved for scheduled castes?
Of the 543 elected seats in the Lok Sabha, 84 are reserved for scheduled castes, and 47 are reserved for scheduled tribes.
For whom has there been a strong demand for reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies?
There has been a strong demand seeking reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies for women.
How many seats are demanded to reserve for women?
One-third of seats are demanded to reserve for women.
What was the eligibility age for voting in 1989?
The Indian constitution adopts Universal adult franchise as a basis of elections to the Lok Sabha and State legislative assemblies. Every citizen who is or above 18 years of age has a right to vote without any discrimination of caste, race , religion, sex, literacy, etc. The voting age was reduced from 21 to 18 by the Parliament in the year 1989 by the 61st Constitutional Amendment Act of 1988.
What article of the Indian constitution provides for an independent election commission?
Article 324 of the Indian constitution provides an independent election commission for the superintendence, direction, and control of India’s electoral roll and elections.
How many election commissioners were appointed before the 1989 elections?
Before the 1989 general elections, only two election commissioners were appointed,
In what year did the election commission become multi-member?
In 1989, two election commissioners were appointed, and the commission became multi-member.
Who can remove the Chief Election Commissioner before the expiry of the term?
The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed before the expiry of the term by the president if both houses of parliament make such are commendation with a special majority.