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Test: Election and Representation- 2


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15 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Election and Representation- 2

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Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 1

What has become the most visible symbol of the democratic process?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 1

Elections have today become the most visible symbol of the democratic process.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 2

What type of democracy is one in which citizens directly participate in the day-to-day decision-making and government running?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 2

Direct democracy is where the citizens directly participate in the government’s day-to-day decision-making and government running.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 3

How many seats did the congress party win in the Lok Sabha elections of 1984?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 3

In the Lok Sabha elections of 1984, the congress party came to power, winning 415 of the 543 Lok Sabha seats.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 4

How many seats did the congress party win in 1984 as a whole?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 4

The congress party won four-fifths of the seats.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 5

Name the method in which a candidate who is ahead of others or crosses the winning post first is the winner?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 5

In the electoral race, the candidate who is ahead of others, which crosses the winning post, is the winner. This method is called the Plurality System.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 6

How many variations could there be in the PR system?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 6

 

Answer : b

There are many variations in electoral systems, but the most common systems are first-past-the-post voting, Block Voting, the two-round (runoff) system, proportional representation and ranked voting.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 7

What does the FPTP system generally give the largest party or coalition more than their share of votes would allow?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 7

The FPTP system generally gives the largest party or coalition some bonus seats, more than their share of votes would allow.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 8

How many of the 543 elected seats in the Lok Sabha are reserved for scheduled castes?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 8

Of the 543 elected seats in the Lok Sabha, 84 are reserved for scheduled castes, and 47 are reserved for scheduled tribes.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 9

For whom has there been a strong demand for reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 9

There has been a strong demand seeking reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies for women.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 10

How many seats are demanded to reserve for women?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 10

One-third of seats are demanded to reserve for women.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 11

What was the eligibility age for voting in 1989?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 11

The Indian constitution adopts Universal adult franchise as a basis of elections to the Lok Sabha and State legislative assemblies. Every citizen who is or above 18 years of age has a right to vote without any discrimination of caste, race , religion, sex, literacy, etc. The voting age was reduced from 21 to 18 by the Parliament in the year 1989 by the 61st Constitutional Amendment Act of 1988.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 12

What article of the Indian constitution provides for an independent election commission?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 12

Article 324 of the Indian constitution provides an independent election commission for the superintendence, direction, and control of India’s electoral roll and elections.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 13

How many election commissioners were appointed before the 1989 elections?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 13

Before the 1989 general elections, only two election commissioners were appointed,

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 14

In what year did the election commission become multi-member?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 14

In 1989, two election commissioners were appointed, and the commission became multi-member.

Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 15

Who can remove the Chief Election Commissioner before the expiry of the term?

Detailed Solution for Test: Election and Representation- 2 - Question 15

The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed before the expiry of the term by the president if both houses of parliament make such are commendation with a special majority.

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