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Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1

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Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 1

India is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 1

India is a democratic country. Here is an explanation of this answer:
Democratic System:
- India follows a democratic system of governance, which means that the country's government is elected by the people.
- The democratic system in India is based on the principles of universal adult suffrage, periodic elections, and rule of law.
Parliamentary System:
- India has adopted a parliamentary system of government, which means that the executive (Prime Minister and Council of Ministers) is responsible to the legislature (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha).
- The President of India is the ceremonial head of state and plays a largely symbolic role in the governance of the country.
Federal Structure:
- India has a federal structure, which means that power is divided between the central government and the governments of the states and union territories.
- This division of powers is enshrined in the Constitution of India, which provides for a clear demarcation of responsibilities between the central and state governments.
Fundamental Rights and Duties:
- The Constitution of India guarantees certain fundamental rights to all citizens, such as the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, and the right to life and personal liberty.
- At the same time, the Constitution also lays down certain fundamental duties for the citizens, such as abiding by the Constitution, respecting the national flag and national anthem, and promoting harmony and the spirit of brotherhood among all the people of India.India is a federal parliamentary, secular, democratic, republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. 

Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 2

It states that every adult in a country, irrespective of their wealth and the communities she/he belongs to, has one vote:

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 2

Answer: D: Universal Adult Franchise
Explanation:

The term "Universal Adult Franchise" refers to the practice of granting voting rights to all adult citizens in a country, regardless of their wealth, social status, or the communities they belong to. This concept is fundamental to a democratic system, as it ensures equal representation and participation in the decision-making process.
Key aspects of Universal Adult Franchise include:
- Equality: All adult citizens have the same voting rights, regardless of their income, race, gender, or social status.
- Inclusivity: It promotes the inclusion of diverse perspectives in the democratic process, as people from various backgrounds can participate in elections.
- Empowerment: Giving all adult citizens the right to vote empowers them to have a say in the decisions that affect their lives and communities.
- Accountability: Universal adult franchise holds political leaders accountable to the entire electorate, not just a select few, which helps to ensure fair representation and governance.
In conclusion, Universal Adult Franchise is a crucial aspect of a democratic system, as it guarantees equal voting rights to all adult citizens, fostering inclusivity, equality, and accountability in the political process.Universal Adult Franchise means that the right to vote should be given to all adult citizens without the discrimination of caste, class, colour, religion or gender. It is based on equality, which is a basic principle of democracy.

Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 3

One of the more common forms of inequality in India is the:

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 3

The caste system is one of the more common forms of inequality in India for several reasons:
Social Hierarchy:

  • The caste system divides society into four main categories or varnas: Brahmins (priests and scholars), Kshatriyas (warriors and rulers), Vaishyas (merchants and farmers), and Shudras (laborers and service providers). Additionally, there is a fifth group known as the Dalits or "untouchables" who are considered to be outside the caste system.
  • Each caste has a specific role in society and is expected to perform certain duties. This hierarchy results in social and economic inequality as opportunities and resources are distributed unequally among different castes.

Discrimination and Untouchability:

  • People belonging to lower castes, particularly the Dalits, have faced discrimination and exclusion for centuries. They are often denied access to resources, opportunities, and basic rights such as education, healthcare, and housing.
  • Untouchability is a practice where people from higher castes avoid physical contact with those from lower castes or untouchables. This practice reinforces social exclusion and discrimination against lower castes.

Restricted Social Mobility:

  • Traditionally, the caste system in India has been rigid, with individuals born into a particular caste and expected to follow the same occupation as their parents. This restricts social mobility and perpetuates economic and social inequalities among different castes.

Impact on Marriage and Relationships:

  • The caste system also influences marriage and relationships, as people are expected to marry within their own caste. This practice, known as endogamy, reinforces social divisions and perpetuates caste-based inequalities in society. 
Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 4

Dalit means:

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 4

The term "Dalit" refers to:
Meaning:
- C: Broken
Explanation
:
- The word "Dalit" comes from the Sanskrit language, which means "broken," "crushed," or "oppressed."
- It refers to a group of people who have been historically discriminated against and marginalized in the Indian subcontinent due to their position in the caste system.
- The term is used to describe those individuals belonging to the lowest caste, often called "untouchables," who have faced social, economic, and political exclusion.
- The term "Dalit" is now widely used to assert the identity and rights of these marginalized people, emphasizing their resilience and strength in the face of discrimination and injustice.Dalit, meaning "broken/scattered" in Sanskrit and Hindi, is a term mostly used for the castes in India that have been subjected to untouchability. 

Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 5

Which of the following is the work of Om Prakash Valmiki

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 5

Om Prakash Valmiki's Work: Joothan
- Author: Om Prakash Valmiki was an Indian Dalit writer and poet, known for his contributions to Dalit literature.
- Title: Joothan is his most famous work, published in 1997.
- Genre: Joothan is an autobiographical account that narrates the experiences of the author as a Dalit in the Indian society.
- Language: Originally written in Hindi, Joothan has been translated into several other languages, including English.
- Significance: Joothan is considered an essential read in Dalit literature, as it sheds light on the caste-based discrimination and atrocities faced by the Dalits in India.
- Impact: The book has been widely acclaimed and appreciated for its raw portrayal of the life and struggles of Dalits, leading to increased awareness about their plight and the need for social reform.The author of Joothan is the famous dalit writer Om Prakash Valmiki who describes about his life as a dalit.

Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 6

Omprakash Valmiki is a famous ______ writer.

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 6

Answer: C

Explanation of the Answer
Omprakash Valmiki is a famous Dalit writer because:

  • He belonged to the Dalit community, which is a marginalized group in the Indian caste system.
  • Valmiki's literary works often focused on the struggles and experiences of the Dalit community in India.
  • His most famous work is an autobiography titled "Joothan," which is an account of his life as a Dalit and highlights the discrimination and prejudices faced by the community.
  • Valmiki's writings have played a significant role in raising awareness about the issues faced by Dalits and promoting social justice and equality.
Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 7

The Ansaris dignity was also hurt when:

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 7

Explanation:
The Ansaris' dignity was hurt when:
- Persons refused to lease their apartments to them
- This shows that the Ansaris faced discrimination and prejudice from other individuals.
- The refusal to lease apartments to them could be based on factors like race, religion, or ethnicity.
- This situation can lead to feelings of humiliation, marginalization, and lack of self-respect for the Ansaris.
- It indicates that they were being treated as lesser individuals or undeserving of equal opportunities and rights.
- Such discriminatory practices can have long-lasting negative effects on an individual's mental and emotional well-being.In a secular country, unequal treatment on the basis of religion is not acceptable by the constitution but many people still practice it and in the process hurt other people’s dignity.
This is what happened with the Ansaris. The Ansaris felt that their dignity was hurt because they were being treated unequally on the basis of differences of religion as many people refused to lease their apartments just because they were Muslims. 

Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 8

Every person has access to all public places except:

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 8

Explanation:
The correct answer is B: Parliament. This is because:
- Markets:
- Public places where people can buy and sell goods
- Accessible to everyone without any restriction
- Necessary for daily life and commerce
- Parliament:
- A legislative building where lawmakers gather and make decisions
- Access is restricted to authorized personnel, elected representatives, and invited guests
- Security measures are in place to protect the building and its occupants
- Public access may be allowed for specific events or guided tours, but not at all times
- Hotels:
- Accommodation facilities for travelers and tourists
- Generally open to the public, with some areas reserved for guests
- Accessible to everyone for various services, such as dining, events, or booking rooms
- Playgrounds:
- Public spaces designed for recreation and physical activity
- Open to everyone, especially children and their caregivers
- Intended for community use and enjoyment

Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 9

Which state was the first state in India to introduce a mid-day meal scheme?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 9

Answer: C. Tamil Nadu
Explanation:
- The mid-day meal scheme in India is an initiative to improve the nutritional status of school-going children.
- Tamil Nadu was the first state in India to introduce the mid-day meal scheme.
- This scheme was implemented in Tamil Nadu in 1963 by then Chief Minister K. Kamaraj.
- The main objective of the scheme was to provide at least one nutritious meal a day to underprivileged children in government and government-aided schools.
- The purpose of the scheme was to enhance school enrollment, attendance, and retention rates while addressing the issue of malnutrition among children.
- The success of the Tamil Nadu model led to the adoption of the mid-day meal scheme in other states and eventually nationwide.

Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 10

United States of America, the _______ whose ancestors were the slaves who were brought over from Africa, continue to describe their lives today as largely unequal.

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality in Indian Democracy- 1 - Question 10

The Correct Answer is C: African- Americans

The United States of America, the african-americans whose ancestors were the slaves who were brought over from Africa, continue to describe their lives today as largely unequal.

  • In late August 1619, “20 and odd” captive Africans first touched the soil at Point Comfort (now Fort Monroe National Monument), part of England’s new colony in Virginia. These men and women had been stolen from their homes in Africa, forced to board a ship, and sailed for months into the unknown.
  • The first Africans in an English colony, their arrival is considered by many historians to be the beginning of a 400-year story filled with tragedy, endurance, survival, and a legacy of resilience, inequality, and oppression.
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