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Test: Latitudes & Longitudes


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10 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE | Test: Latitudes & Longitudes

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes for UPSC 2022 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Latitudes & Longitudes questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Latitudes & Longitudes MCQs are made for UPSC 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes below.
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Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 1

Which of the following imaginary latitude divides Earth into two equal parts?

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 1

The Equator is an imaginary line running on the globe divides it into two equal parts.

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 2

Which of the following zone lies between tropic of Cancer and tropic of Capricorn?

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 2

The tropical, or Torrid Zone, lies near the Equator and extends to the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the south.

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 3

The mid-day sun never shines overhead on any latitude beyond the

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 3

The sun is never overhead beyond the tropics due to the latitudes. The sun's rays always fall directly at 0° latitude which is known as the equator. The sun rays can be experienced overhead till the tropic of cancer and Capricorn in the northern and southern hemispheres of the earth respectively.

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 4

Which of the following is the prime meridian of India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 4

In India, the longitude of 82½° E (82° 30'E) is treated as the standard meridian. The local time at this meridian is taken as the standard time for the whole country. It is known as the Indian Standard Time (IST).

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 5

At which angle the meridians of longitudes drawn to the Equator from the North Pole to the South Pole?

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 5

Meridians of longitude are drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole and are at right angles to the Equator. 

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 6

On which of the following latitude, the mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year?

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 6

The mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all latitudes in between the Tropic of Cancer(23 ½ ⁰N) and the Tropic of Capricorn(23 ½ ⁰). This area, therefore, receives the maximum heat and is called the Torrid Zone. So clearly the answer is 22⁰N.

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 7

Consider the following statement:
1. The mid-day sun never shines overhead on any latitude beyond the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
2. The angle of the sun’s rays goes on increasing towards the poles.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 7

Statement 1 is correct- The mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all latitudes in between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Therefore, this area gets maximum heat and is called the Torrid Zone. The midday sun never shines overhead on any latitude beyond the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
Statement 2 is incorrect- The angle of the sun's rays goes on decreasing towards the poles. As such, the areas bounded by the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic circle in the northern hemisphere, and the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic circle in the southern hemisphere, have moderate temperatures.

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 8

Areas lying between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole in the Northern Hemisphere and the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole in the Southern Hemisphere are very cold because?

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 8

It is because here the sun does not rise much above the horizon . Therefore, its rays are always slanting and provide less heat. These are called Frigid Zones.

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 9

Which of the following city lies on the east side of the Indian standard meridian?

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 9

Kolkata is located east side of the Indian standard meridian.

Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 10

As the earth rotates from west to east, those places east of Greenwich will be

Detailed Solution for Test: Latitudes & Longitudes - Question 10

As the earth rotates from west to east, those places east of Greenwich will be ahead of Greenwich time and those to the west will be behind it.

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