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Test: World Agriculture - 2


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20 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE | Test: World Agriculture - 2

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Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 1

Which one of the following countries has the largest arable land?

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 1 Among the following India has the largest arable land. The United States in the world has the largest arable land followed by India.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 2

Plantation agriculture is practiced mainly in the

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 2 Plantation agriculture is an export oriented specialised farming method. Where emphasis is given to raise a single crop-specially meant for export to the overseas countries. It is practical mainly in tropical regions.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 3

Which region is called the bread basket of the world?

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 3
  • Temperate grassland is called the ‘bread basket’ of the world. The roots of perennial grasses usually penetrate far into the soil, and grassland soil tends to be deep and fertile.

  • In North America, the prairies were once inhabited by huge herds of bison and pronghorns, which were hunted by wolves, bears, and other predators. These herds are almost gone now, and most of the prairies have been converted into the richest agricultural region on earth.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 4

Which one of the following is not a type of shifting cultivation?

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 4 Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned and allowed to revert to their natural vegetation while the cultivator moves to another plot.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 5

World’s largest producer of sugarcane

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 5 Brazil is the largest producer of sugarcane in the world followed by India and China. It accounts for 25% of the world’s sugarcane production.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 6

Name the country with the largest cattle population.

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 6 India has the largest cattle inventory in the world.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 7

Which factor influences the plant growth most profoundly?

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 7 Temperature influences the plant growth most profoundly. Temperature effects on plant growth and development is dependent upon plant species. The most obvious are the effects of heat on photosynthesis.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 8

From which plant part is camphor (a distillate) obtained?

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 8 From the stem (baru) of a plant camphor is obtained

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 9

Which country is the largest producer of raw jute?

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 9 Currently the largest producer of raw Jute in the world is India.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 10

The natural rubber is obtained from the

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 10 A properly managed tree responds to wounding by producing more latex for several years. Natural rubber is obtained from the latex of rubber trees.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 11

The part of Equatorial region which has well-developed rubber plantations is

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 11

Malaysia is the leading producer of natural rubber in the world. About 46% of the total world’s rubber is produced in Malaysia. The rubber plantation was started in Malaysia in 1877. Rubber can grow anywhere in Malaysia, because of the suitability of climate and soil; but most of the rubber estates are concentrated in the western coastal plains of Malaysia. The plantation in the coastal zone gets the advantage of the nearest port for its export. Yet very low areas are avoided in order not to suffer from stagnation of water. The greatest production is in its Jahore State of Southern Malaysia. Here, rubber cultivation occupies about 4-2 million acres or about 65% of the total cultivated area in the country.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 12

Match List-I and List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below;

Codes:

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 12 Shifting cultivation practices in Amazon Basin.Nomadic herding practices in Mongolia. Livestock ranching belongs to Australia. Fishing and hunting belongs to the Tundra region.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 13

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Codes:

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 13 Largest producer of wheat in the world is China. Largest producer of milk in the world is India. Largest producer of sugarcane in the world is Brazil. Largest producer of maize in the world is the U.S.A.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 14

Arrange the following countries in the descending order of their wheat production and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

1. China

2. India

3. Russia

4. U.S.A.

Codes:

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 14 Countries in the descending order of their wheat production

are: China, India, U.S.A. and Russia.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 15

Match column I with column II and select the correct answer using the code given below the columns:

Codes:

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 15 Ladang is a form of shifting cultivation found in Malaysia, Milpa is associated with Mexico, Roca is associated with Brazil while Jhumming is associated with North East India.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 16

Which of the following is/are the chief characteristics of commercial grain farming of the middle latitude grasslands?

1. The size of farms are generally large.

2. Cultivation is highly mechanized.

3. It is a type of extensive farming.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 16 Midlatitude grassland farming has very large farms, are mechanised and fall in the category of extensive cultivation. Grasslands are found all across the globe.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 17

Consider the following areas:

1. Central Africa

2. Borneo and Papua New Guinea

3. Amazon Basin

In which of the above areas is the primitive agriculture, such as shifting cultivation or bush-following type of cultivation, found?

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 17 In all the above three options primitive agriculture such as shifting cultivation or bush fallow type of cultivation is found.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 18

Which one of the following matches in case of shifting cultivation is not correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 18 Shifting Cultivation is known as Ladang in Indonesia, Caingin in Philippines, Milpa in central America & Mexico, Ray in Vietnam, Taungya In Myanmar, Tamrai in Thailand, Chena in Sri Lanka, Conuco in Venezuela, Roca in Brazil, Masole in central Africa nations

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 19

Which among the following monoculture crops provide(s) immediate cash to the farmers?

1. Tea in Assam

2. Rubber in Africa

3. Sugarcane in Malaysia

4. Coffee in Brazil

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 19 A cash crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit. It is typically purchased by parties separate from a farm.

Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 20

India’s rank in rice production in the world is—

Detailed Solution for Test: World Agriculture - 2 - Question 20 India is the second largest rice-producing country in the world.
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