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Test: Logical Reasoning


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40 Questions MCQ Test | Test: Logical Reasoning

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Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 1

Directions (1-3): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions based on it:-

Six girls are sitting in a circle. Sonia is sitting opposite to Radhika. Poonam is sitting right of Radhika but left of Deepti. Monika is sitting left of Radhika. Kamini is sitting right of Sonia and left of Monika. Now Deepti and Kamini, Monika and Radhika mutually exchange their positions.

Q.

Who will be opposite to Sonia?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 1


Sitting pattern after interchange

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 2

Six girls are sitting in a circle. Sonia is sitting opposite to Radhika. Poonam is sitting right of Radhika but left of Deepti. Monika is sitting left of Radhika. Kamini is sitting right of Sonia and left of Monika. Now Deepti and Kamini, Monika and Radhika mutually exchange their positions.

Q. 

Who will be sitting to the left of Kamini?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 2


Sitting pattern after interchange

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 3

Six girls are sitting in a circle. Sonia is sitting opposite to Radhika. Poonam is sitting right of Radhika but left of Deepti. Monika is sitting left of Radhika. Kamini is sitting right of Sonia and left of Monika. Now Deepti and Kamini, Monika and Radhika mutually exchange their positions.

Q. 

Who will be sitting to the left of Deepti?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 3


Sitting pattern after interchange

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 4

A is sister of B. C is brother of D. If D is a sister of A, how is B related to D?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 4


= Either Brother or Sister 

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 5

M is sister of D. D is brother of K.F is mother of M. How is K related to F?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 5


= Son or Daughter

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 6

B is brother of D. D is sister of E. E is brother of F. How is F related to B?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 6


= F is either Brother or sister

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 7

Directions (7-11): In the following, you have to make decision about important issues. While doing so, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘strong arguments’ and ‘weak arguments’, so far as they relate to the questions 7 to 11. Strong arguments must be both important and directly related to the question. Weak arguments may not be directly related or may be related to trivial aspects of the question, and may be of minor importance

Q. 

The private lives of public figures must not be discussed in the press.

I. YES: The press has no right to invade the privacy of an individual, public or otherwise.
II. NO: Public figures must be used to curiosity about their private lives.
III. YES: The Press has a pressing need to be relevant and balanced.
IV. NO: Public figures are not very sensitive people.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 8

Child marriages must be strongly discouraged.

I. YES: This is an evil affecting those who need the most protection.
II. NO: The custom started with some justification behind it, that must be understood, and a fine is sufficient.
III. YES: Strong and effective legislation is definitely a deterrent to such social crimes.
IV. NO: Child marriages are but children’s play, after all.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 9

God exists

I. YES: If he did not exist, we would not exist.
II. NO: There is no scientific evidence available.
III. YES: An idea of man exists, that idea is God.
IV. No: Because man controls his destiny.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 10

Voting must be made compulsory.

I. YES: Result will be more representative of the choice of the people
II. NO: Compulsion is no fun.
III. YES: Leaders will govern better.
IV. YES: India is a democracy.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 11

Advertising is a wasteful expenditure.

I. YES: How many people can read?
II. NO: If it was wasteful, then nobody would advertise
III. NO: Advertising industry employs a lot of people

IV. NO: Pleasant pictures are worth a thousand words.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 12

If December 2, 2008 was Tuesday, the day on the 217th day after December 2, 2008 would be:

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 12

No. of odd days in 217
217/7 = 0 odd day
Therefore required day = Tuesday

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 13

A farmer built a fence around his square plot. He used 27 fence poles on each side of the square. How many poles did he need altogether?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 13

Since each pole at the corner of the plot is common to its two sides, so we have:
Total number of poles needed = 27 x 4 – 4 = 108 – 4 = 104.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 14

An institute organized a fete and 1/5 of the girls and 1/8 of the boys participated in the same. What fraction of the total number of students took part in the fete?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 14

Out of 5 girls, 1 took part in fete. Out of 8 boys, 1 took part in fete.
∴ Out of 13 students, 2 took part in fete.
Hence, 2/13 of the total number took part in fete.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 15

In a certain code, SIKKIM is written as THLJJL. How is TRAINING written in that code?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 15

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 16

Directions (Q. 16 - 17): Answer which of the four responses is correct.

Q.

“Justice should not only be done, but seen to have been done”. The statement intends to convey the message that

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 17

“Every society gets the government it deserves and it is true for India as well”.The statement intends to explain

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 18

There are 4 qualifying examinations to enter into IIMs; CAT, BAT, SAT, and PAT. An IIT ian cannot go to IIMs through BAT or SAT. A CA, on the other hand, can go to the IIMs through the CAT, BAT and PAT but not through SAT. Further, there are 3 ways to become a CA (viz. Foundation, Inter and Final). Find the ratio of number of ways in which an IITian can make it to IIM to the number of ways a CA can make it to the IIMs?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 18

D is the correct option. Solution-
IITian can make it through BAT or SAT so 2 ways; CA can make it through CAT BAT OR PAT so 3 ways; further to become CA there are 3 ways so 3×3=9 ways. So, the Ratio = 9:2

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 19

Directions (Q. 19 to 23): Read the following data and use it for answering the questions that follow:

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of mithai. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of pedhas to be selected from F, G, and exactly three kinds of rasgollas to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T, with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q. 

If G is included in a box which of the following is a kind of mithai that must also be included?

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 20

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of candy. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of hard candy to be selected from F, G and H and exactly three kinds of soft candy to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q. If H is not included in a particular box, any of the following kinds of mithais can be included except

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 21

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of mithai. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of pedhas to be selected from F, G, and exactly three kinds of rasgollas to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T, with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q. 

Which of the following kind of mithais must be included in each of the boxes?

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 22

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of mithai. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of pedhas to be selected from F, G, and exactly three kinds of rasgollas to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T, with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q. 

If T is includes in a box, the box must also include which of the following kinds of mithai?

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 23

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of mithai. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of pedhas to be selected from F, G, and exactly three kinds of rasgollas to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T, with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q. 

In a box that contains an acceptable assortment of mithais, which of the following substitutions will always result in another acceptable assortment?

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 24

Directions: (24-25):  In the following questions three statements are followed by a conclusion. Study the statements and the conclusion and point out which statements studied together will brings us to the conclusion.

Q.

Statements:

(1) Communism adopted violent methods for changing the existing order.
(2) It overthrew imperialism with the help of non violence.
(3) Communists are anit-imperialists.

Conclusion:

India is not a communist country:

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 25

Statements:

(1) Price rise is a natural phenomenon.
(2) If production increases prices fall.
(3) High prices affect the poor.

Conclusion:

If production rises the poor feel relieved:

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 26

Directions (26 – 28): In each of these questions, a statement is followed by two conclusions (a) and (b). You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and consider both the conclusions together, and then decide which of the two given conclusions logically follow beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Mark answer:

Q.

Statement:

Democracy is but election by the incompetent many for appointment of the corrupt few.

Conclusions:

(A) Democracy aggravates corruption
(B) Elections lead to appointment

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 27

Statement:

onstitutional morality is not a natural sentiment.

Conclusions

(A) Constitutional morality is to be cultivated
(B) Sentiments are innate

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 28

Statement:

Strikes are an inherent right of the working men for the purpose of securing justice.

Conclusions

(A) Workers cannot get justice unless they go on strike.
(B) Every working man must defend his inherent right.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 29

You have been caught red-handed in an office, looking into a file marked ‘Strictly Confidential’. What will be your most reasonable action in the situation?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 29

D is the correct option. In such a situation standing rooted to the ground is the best option for anyone because everyone does anything for a reason and it is best to stand on that ground and explain such reason.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 30

Here are some imaginary situations. Choose the most rational course of action under the given circumstances. You are chosen as counsellor following a family-feud. In order to help ease out tensions, what course of action will you select as the best?

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 31

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 31

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 32

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 32

4 + 8 + 9 + 7 = 28
3 + 7 + 8 + 6 = 24

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 33

EMBARRASS : HUMILIATE :: ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 33

E M B A R R A S S  : H U MI L A T E
Antonyms
Annoy : Exasperate

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 34

ABCD : WXYZ :: EFGH :?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 34


Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 35

Directions: (35-36): Each interrogative statement is followed by two arguments. You are to pick up one of the following.

Q. 

Are we happier than our ancestors?

(M) Yes, because we enjoy all the luxuries of life.
(N) No, because life has become very fast and there is mental strain.

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 35

The correct option  is C.
 Both the arguments are strong in their aspect.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 36

Should strikes be banned in all services?

(X) Yes, because strike causes a lot of inconvenience to the people.
(Y) No, because this is the only method of getting grievances redressed.

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 37

Directions (37-39): In each of these questions, a statement is followed by two conclusions (A) and (B). You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and consider them together and then decide which of the two given conclusions logically follow beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Mark answer.

Q. 

Statement – There is a difference between the natural slavery of man to natural and unnatural slavery of man to man. Nature is kind to her slaves. If she forces you to eat and drink, she makes eating and drinking pleasant. Instead of resenting our natural wants as slavery, we take to greatest pleasure in satisfaction. The slavery of man to man is hateful to the body and spirit of man.

Conclusions

(A) Natural slavery means observing natural laws
(B) Slavery is unworthy of human nature and still it continues in one form or another

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 38

Statement – One research study reveals that children’s personality can’t be understood without detailed study about their home environment.

Conclusions

(A) Teacher’s as well as parents’ role are equally importance for the child
(B) Schools are ignoring the importance of home atmosphere

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 39

Statement – If you keep the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes out of offices or factories or frighten them with bad behavior or assaults, you drive them back to the underdeveloped parts of the country or change their religion or even to forests, where they breed rapidly. This way you create a problem for future generations.

Conclusions

(A) Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes should be given preference in jobs
(B) Uncivilized people should be kept away if quick progress is desired

Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 40

The door of Aditya's house faces the East. From the back side of his house, he walks straight 50 metres, then turns to the right and walks 50 metres again. Finally, he turns towards left and stops after walking 25 metres. Now, Aditya is in which direction from the starting point?

Detailed Solution for Test: Logical Reasoning - Question 40


 

Since Aditya’s house faces towards East and he walks from backside of his house, it means that he starts walking towards West. Thus, the movements of Aditya are as shown in Fig. (A to B, B to C, C to D).

Clearly, Aditya’s final position is D which is to the North-west of the starting point A.

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