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Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Science & Technology for UPSC CSE - Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution for UPSC 2024 is part of Science & Technology for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution below.
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Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 1

Which is not correct regarding the relation of human beings with chimpanzees ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 1

Humans and the great apes (large apes) of Africa -- chimpanzees (including bonobos, or so-called “pygmy chimpanzees”) and gorillas -- share a common ancestor that lived between 8 and 6 million years ago. Humans first evolved in Africa, and much of human evolution occurred on that continent.

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 2

The wings of a bat are basically

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 2

Analogous organs are different in basic structure but perform same functions.Analogous organs show convergent evolution.They develop in unrelated organisms.Example- Wings of birds and bats look similar. But in birds wings are covered by feathers all along the arm but the wings of bats is skin folds stretched between elongated fingers.

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 3

Archaeopteryx is a missing link between:

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 3

Archaeopteryx was first described as the 'missing link' between reptiles and birds in 1861 - and is now regarded as the link between dinosaurs and birds

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 4

The study of fossils is helpful to know:

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 4

Fossils

We use living species to trace evolutionary relationships. But organisms which once lived and do not exist anymore also have a story to tell about evolution.  They can be used for tracing the evolutionary relationship between species. Fossils are one of the examples. They are the preserved traces of living organisms.

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 5

By studying the ratio of different isotopes of same element in a material we can know the age of​

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 5

To know how old the given fossil is, the ratio of different isotopes of  same  element is studied in that material.

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 6

Tick the correct sentence.

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 6

The fossils of organisms which live long years ago can be find on the deeper layers of the earth like the dinosaurs fossil. The recent fossil is meant for those which died recently will appear on the layers which are close to the earth.

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 7

Body parts of different animals having a common origin but different functions are called:

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 7

A Homologous structure is an organ or organ system present in organisms which share a common ancestry. These have a similar structure but different functions in different organisms. They usually appear because of divergent evolution and have same origin.

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 8

Name the organs which have different basic structure but have a similar appearance and perform similar functions?

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 8

Analogous organs have different basic structure but have similar appearance and perform similar functions. Example wings of an insect and a bird have different structures but similar functions.

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 9

The term used to express details of appearance or behaviour is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 9

 

Characteristic defines the details of a particular function or about behavior or about the appearance of a living being.

Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 10

Different kinds of wild cabbage are evolved as a result of:

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution & Evidences of Evolution - Question 10

Artificial selection is a process in which man selects a particular desired traits for breeding, in order to generate new plants/ animals with improved characters.

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