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Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Economy for UPSC CSE - Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Economy for UPSC CSE preparation. The Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 below.
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Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 1

Consider the following statements.

1. The fifth plan was launched with the slogan 'Garibi hatao'

2. The politics of planning started from the 'fourth plan'

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 1
  • In the fifth five year plan, the government stressed on alleviation of poverty, introduce employment opportunities and improvement in agricultural production. The slogan Garibi Hatao was given by Indira Gandhi during this period. 

  • The Fifth Five Year Plan India was sketched out for the period spanning 1974 to 1979.
  • The politicisation of Planning started from 4th plan which took serious “populist” design in the coming plans. Frequent double-digit inflations, unreigned increase in fiscal deficits, subsidy-induced higher non-plan expenditures and the first move in the direction of nationalization and greater control and regulation of the economy were some of the salient features of this plan which continued unchanged till the early 1990s.

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 2

Consider the following statements.

1. The Seventh Plan emphasised on rapid Foodgrain production, increased employment creation and productivity in general.

2. By the end of this plan, India had a highly unfavourable balance of payments situation

Which of these statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 2

Statement 1 is correct. The Seventh Five-Year Plan of India (1985-90) emphasized on rapid foodgrain production, increased employment creation and productivity in general. It also focused on a balanced regional development approach.

However, Statement 2 is incorrect. By the end of the Seventh Plan, India had achieved significant economic growth and development. In fact, the balance of payments situation had improved during the plan period, and the country had started to reduce its dependence on external borrowings. 

 

 

 

 

 

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 3

Which of the following are correctly matched?

1. The Ninth Plan - it comments with the objectives of Greater participation of the National Development Council in their formation.

2. The Tenth plan - it was launched when there was an all-round slowdown in the economy.

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 3
  • The Tenth Plan - it comments with the objectives of Greater participation of the National Development Council in their formation.

  • The Ninth plan - it was launched when there was an all-around slow down in the economy.

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 4

Consider the following statements.

1. The Twenty point programme is the second Central plan which was launched in 1993.

2. The basic objective was of improving the quality of life of the people.

Which of these statements is/are not correct?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 4

Statement 1 is incorrect. The Twenty Point Programme was launched in 1975 during the tenure of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi as a poverty alleviation programme. It was not a Central Plan but a set of guidelines for state governments to ensure the availability of essential commodities and services to the common people.

Statement 2 is correct. The basic objective of the Twenty Point Programme was to improve the quality of life of the people by providing them with basic amenities such as food, shelter, education, and healthcare.

 

 

 

 

 

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 5

Consider the following statements about the Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme, MPLADS:

1. Under the scheme the Members of Parliament recommend some work to the concerned Head of Gram Panchayat.

2. It was the last of the central plans.

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 5
  • Under the scheme, the Members of Parliament recommend some work to the concerned Districts Magistrate. It was the last of Central plans.

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 6

Consider the following statements.

1. Inclusive growth is a growth process which yields broad-based benefits and ensures equality of opportunity for all.

2. It was immediately after the Independence that the Government of India came to think clearly about inclusiveness in the economy.

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 6
  • Inclusive growth is a growth process which yields broad-based benefits and ensures equality of opportunity for all (UNDP and the 11th Plan).

  • Fundamentally, the ideas of growth and development already include the element of 'inclusiveness' in them, but at times, due to certain reasons, the processes might occur in a non-inclusive manner.

  • It was in 2000–01 that the Government of India came to think clearly about 'inclusiveness' in the economy while reviewing the performance of the economic reforms.

  • It was found that the reform process enabled economy towards faster and higher 'wealth creation', but all could not be part of it.

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 7

Which plan emphasized the idea of inclusive growth?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 7
  • The Eleventh Plan targets a growth rate of 10% and emphasised the idea of inclusive growth.

  • Not only the government but the confederation of Indian industry as well as the World bank expressed doubts in the Eleventh Plan realising the ambitious 10% growth.

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 8

Which of the following was the failures of Planning in India?

1. Failure in promoting a balanced growth and development

2. Highly centralised nature of planning

3. Overemphasis on Agriculture

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 8
  • Promoting the cause of faster industrialisation overtime became so dear to the planning process that the agriculture sector got badly overshadowed.

  • The Plans were highlighting or prioritising agriculture but the industrial sector and the PSU were glorified in such a way that time and resources both were scares for the agriculture sector.

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 9

Consider the following statements.

1. The central sector schemes are hundred per cent funded by the union government and implemented by both the Central and state government.

2. The centrally sponsored schemes are funded by both the centre and States in a ratio.

Which of these statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 9

Central sector schemes are mainly formulated on subjects from the Union List. Centrally sponsored schemes are formulated in subjects from the State List to encourage States to priorities in areas that require more attention. Central sector schemes are 100% funded by the Union government and implemented by the Central Government machinery. In Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) a certain percentage of the funding is borne by the States and the implementation is by the State Governments.

 

 

 

Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 10

Which of the following Wings are specialised Wings in Niti Aayog?

1. Research Wing

2. Consultancy Wing

3. Finance and investment Wing

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Ramesh Singh Test : Planning in India- 3 - Question 10

(i) Research Wing: It will develop in-house sectoral expertise as a dedicated think tank of top-notch domain experts, specialists and scholars.

(ii) Consultancy Wing: It will provide market-place of whetted panels of expertise and funding, for Central and state governments to tap into; matching their requirements with solution providers, public and private, national and international.

By playing matchmaker instead of providing the entire service itself, NITI Aayog will be able to focus its resources on priority matters, providing guidance and an overall quality check to the rest.

(iii) Team India Wing: It will comprise from every state and ministry and will serve as a permanent platform for national collaboration.

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