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Test: Land Reforms - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Economy for UPSC CSE - Test: Land Reforms

Test: Land Reforms for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Economy for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Land Reforms questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Land Reforms MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Land Reforms below.
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Test: Land Reforms - Question 1

Which reform measure, initiated since India's independence, aimed to abolish intermediaries in land ownership?

Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 1
The correct answer is Option D. The reform measure that aimed to abolish intermediaries in land ownership is the "Abolition of intermediaries." This initiative was undertaken to eliminate the middlemen or intermediaries who previously held land titles, allowing land to be redistributed more directly to the actual cultivators.
Test: Land Reforms - Question 2

What is the main purpose of tenancy reforms in the context of land reforms?

Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 2
The main purpose of tenancy reforms in the context of land reforms is "to provide security of tenure for tenants." Tenancy reforms aim to protect the rights of tenants and ensure that they are not arbitrarily evicted from the land they cultivate.
Test: Land Reforms - Question 3

What is the purpose of consolidation of land holdings as a part of land reform measures?

Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 3
The purpose of consolidation of land holdings as a part of land reform measures is "to increase the overall agricultural productivity." Land consolidation involves reorganizing fragmented land holdings into larger, more contiguous plots, which can lead to improved agricultural efficiency and productivity.
Test: Land Reforms - Question 4
What is the main objective of cooperative farming in the context of land reforms?
Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 4
The main objective of cooperative farming in the context of land reforms is "to enable small and uneconomic farms to pool resources and cultivate jointly." Cooperative farming allows small landowners to combine their lands and resources to achieve the benefits of larger-scale agriculture.
Test: Land Reforms - Question 5
What does the imposition of a ceiling on land holdings involve in the context of land reforms?
Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 5
Imposing a ceiling on land holdings in the context of land reforms means "setting a maximum limit on the amount of land a landowner can possess." This measure is intended to prevent excessive concentration of land ownership and promote more equitable land distribution.
Test: Land Reforms - Question 6
In the context of land reforms, what does the term "ceiling surplus land" refer to?
Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 6
In the context of land reforms, the term "ceiling surplus land" refers to "land that exceeds the maximum allowable land holdings." This land is subject to redistribution among landless individuals to promote more equitable land ownership.
Test: Land Reforms - Question 7
Why are laws aiming at protecting tenants not always effective in addressing land reform issues?
Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 7
Laws aiming at protecting tenants are not always effective in addressing land reform issues because "they allow landowners to resume tenanted land." This provision can make tenancies insecure, especially if landowners can easily resume the land for personal cultivation.
Test: Land Reforms - Question 8
What factor primarily determines the effectiveness of provisions related to security of tenure for tenants in land reform laws?
Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 8
The factor that primarily determines the effectiveness of provisions related to security of tenure for tenants in land reform laws is the "definition of term 'tenancy'." A clear and comprehensive definition is essential to protect the rights of tenants.
Test: Land Reforms - Question 9
What is the key element of the anti-poverty strategy in rural areas, as highlighted in the Ninth Plan?
Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 9
The key element of the anti-poverty strategy in rural areas, as highlighted in the Ninth Plan, is the "detection and redistribution of ceiling surplus land." This measure aims to provide land to landless individuals, reducing poverty in rural areas.
Test: Land Reforms - Question 10
How does cooperative farming aim to address the problems associated with small and uneconomic land holdings?
Detailed Solution for Test: Land Reforms - Question 10
Cooperative farming aims to address the problems associated with small and uneconomic land holdings by "enabling small landowners to pool their lands and resources." This allows them to cultivate jointly and overcome the limitations of small individual holdings.
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