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Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - UPSC MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth below.
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Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 1

Wearing away of earth

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 1

Erosion by Glaciers. Erosion is the wearing away of the land by forces such as water, wind, and ice. Erosion has helped to form many interesting features of the Earth's surface including mountain peaks, valleys, and coastlines.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 2

Elevated table land

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 2

A plateau is an elevated flat land. It is a flat-topped table land standing above the surrounding area. Plateaus are flattened highlands.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 3

External process leads to

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 3

The second, or the external process is the continuous wearing down and rebuilding of the land surface. The wearing away of the earth's surface is called erosion. The surface is being lowered by the process of erosion and rebuilt by the process of deposition.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 4

Which of the following is not an agent of erosion and deposition

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 4

There are four main agents of erosion. Moving water, wind, gravity, and ice wear away or break up rocks, sediments, and soil from the land's surface. When these materials are deposited or dropped in new places, it is called deposition. Erosion and deposition work together.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 5

These are large stretches of flat land

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 5

Plains are large stretches of flat land. Most of the plains are formed by rivers and their tributaries. The rivers flow down the slopes of mountains and erode them.They carry forward the eroded material.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 6

Which of the following is not a mountain

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 6

Prairies are ecosystems considered part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome by ecologists, based on similar temperate climates, moderate rainfall, and a composition of grasses, herbs, and shrubs, rather than trees, as the dominant vegetation type.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 7

Which one of the following is the youngest folded mountain range in India?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 7

The Himalayas are among the youngest mountain ranges on the planet and consist mostly of uplifted sedimentary and metamorphic rock. They stretch from theIndus river in the West to the Brahmaputra river in the East.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 8

Which of the following is not a volcanic mountain

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 8

Mount Krakatoa is an example of a stratovolcano, a tall, conical volcano with multiple strata of solidified lava, tephra, as well as volcanic ash. These type of volcanoes typically have steep sides and usually erupt frequently & violently. Most of the popular eruptions have been made by stratovolcanoes.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 9

Which of the following relief feature is known as tablelands

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 9

Plateaus are the land masses that rise abruptly from the neighbouring areas with steep slopes. Their top is either rounded or flat. Owing to their large area, they are also known as tablelands.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 10

_____ are suitable for agriculture, settlement and transportation

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 10

In geography, a plain is a flat, sweeping landmass that generally does not change much in elevation.Plains occur as lowlands along the bottoms of valleys or on the doorsteps of mountains, as coastal plains, and as plateaus or uplands.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 11

___ are lowlands where slope of the land is gradual

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 11

Plain, any relatively level area of the Earth's surface exhibiting gentle slopes and small local relief. The Pampas have a gradual downward slope from northwest to  Konkan. Konkan, coastal plain of western India, lying between the Arabian Sea (west) and the Western Ghats (east).

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 12

How much is the Mauna Kea higher than Mount Everest ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 12

Mauna Kea (Hawaii) in the Pacific Ocean is an undersea mountain. It is higher than Mount Everest being 10,205 metres high.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 13

The landforms on earth are formed by

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 13

Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create landforms by pushing up mountains and hills.Erosion by water and wind can wear down land and create landforms like valleys and canyons. Both processes happen over a long period of time, sometimes millions of years.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 14

__________ forces originate from within the earth and ____ forces originate from outside the earth

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 14

The Correct Option is B: Tectonic and Gradational
Explanation:

  • Tectonic forces originate from within the earth.
  • These forces are responsible for the construction of the earth's crust.
  • They lead to the formation of various landforms like mountains, plateaus, and plains.
  • These forces can either be constructive, like volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, or destructive, causing landslides and avalanches.
  • Gradational forces, on the other hand, originate from outside the earth. They are responsible for the shaping of the earth's surface features. These forces, mainly including wind, water, and ice, cause erosion, transportation, and deposition of the earth's materials, leading to the formation of various landforms like valleys, canyons, and deltas.
Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 15

How plateau is differ from the mountains

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 15

The main difference between a mountain and a plateau is that the mountain is an elevated, pointed structure whereas a plateau is an elevated area with a flat top. A plateau is generally lower in height than mountain, though there are plateaus higher than some mountains.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 16

Which of the following is not the type of mountains

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 16

There are five basic kinds of mountains:

  1. Fold Mountains (Folded Mountains)
  2. Fault-block Mountains (Block Mountains)
  3. Dome Mountains
  4. Volcanic Mountains
  5. Plateau Mountains
Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 17

Mountains are very useful. The mountains are a storehouse of

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 17

Water from the Mountains is also used for irrigation and generation of hydro-electricity. The river valleys and terraces are ideal for cultivation of crops. Also,mountains have a rich variety of flora and fauna. The forests provide fuel, fodder, shelter and other products like gum, raisins, etc.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 18

What are two land forming processes

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 18

Internal earth processes

Earth Movements is Vertical that is up and down movements cause faulting of the crustal rocks,movements cause folding of the crustal rocks.Internal processes induce some features like fold mountains,rift valley,basins,some types of escarpment,Horst mountain and block mountains.These might be weather, pressure, water, wind, moving sheets of ice.They are formed in the process of orogenesis.

External earth processes

The breakup of rocks by alternate heating and cooling,chemical actions, and the action of living organisms.features induced  are soil,earth pillars ‘by rain action’. Erosion terminate rocks by the action of rock particles being moved over the Earth’s surface by water, wind and ice.Due to the erosion this features may be created;: valleys,plains,cliffs, river and coastal terraces; escarpments (in) Transport .The movement of rock particles over the Earth's surface by water, wind and ice’.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 19

The line of mountains

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 19

A mountain range is a series of mountains ranging in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have arisen from the same cause, usually an orogeny.

Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 20

____ is the continuous wearing down and rebuilding of the land surface

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Major Landforms Of The Earth - Question 20

The second, or the external process is the continuous wearing down and rebuilding of the land surface. The wearing away of the earth's surface is called erosion. The surface is being lowered by the process of erosion and rebuilt by the process of deposition.

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