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Test: Human Resources - 2 - UPSC MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Human Resources - 2

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Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 1

Population density refer to

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 1

Measure of the intensity of land use, expressed as number of people per square kilometer or square mile. Also called density of population.

Population density 

Two important measures of a population are population size, the number of individuals, and population density, the number of individuals per unit area or volume.

Population density tells you how crowded an area is, on average. It can help you figure out the resources that a certain area requires, and it can help you compare areas. You'll need to gather data about the area and population size, then plug the numbers into the population density formula: Population Density = Number of People / Land Area.

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 2

More than 90% of World’s population lives in about of land surface?

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 2

More than 90% of the world's population lives in about 30% of the land surface. The 10 most populous countries of the world contribute about 60 percent of the world’s population.

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Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 3

Land covers only about ____ percent of the total area of the earth’s surface

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 3

Area of land: 148 326 000 km2 (57 268 900 square miles), this are 30% of the total surface of Planet Earth. Area of water: 361 740 000 km2 (139 668 500 square miles), this are 71% of the total surface of the Earth. 97 percent is salt water and only 3 percent is fresh water.

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 4

A few facts pertaining to the density of population are given below. Pick out the one that is not TRUE.

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 4

Physical factors that affect population density include water supply, climate, relief (shape of the land), vegetation, soils and availability of natural resources and energy. Human factors that affect population density include social, political and economic factors.

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 5

Pick out the non-physical factor that affects the distribution of population in a country ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 5
Non-Physical Factors Affecting Population Distribution in a Country
There are several non-physical factors that can influence the distribution of population in a country. One such factor is the stability of the government. Here are the detailed reasons why stable governments affect population distribution:
1. Social and Economic Stability: A stable government provides a favorable environment for social and economic development. This attracts people to live and settle in areas where they can find better job opportunities, healthcare facilities, and overall quality of life.
2. Political Freedom and Security: A stable government ensures political freedom and security for its citizens. People are more likely to migrate and settle in regions where they feel safe and have the freedom to express their opinions without fear of persecution or discrimination.
3. Infrastructure Development: Stable governments are more likely to invest in infrastructure development, such as roads, transportation networks, schools, and hospitals. These developments attract people to live in areas with better access to essential services and amenities.
4. Public Services and Governance: A stable government is better equipped to provide basic public services, such as water supply, electricity, sanitation, and law enforcement. These services play a crucial role in attracting and retaining population in specific regions.
5. Investment and Business Opportunities: Stable governments create a conducive environment for investment and business growth. This leads to the establishment of industries and job opportunities, which in turn attract people to relocate to areas with better economic prospects.
6. Political Stability: Political stability ensures continuity in policies and decision-making, providing confidence to individuals and businesses. This stability can lead to long-term planning and investment, which can positively impact population distribution.
In conclusion, the stability of the government is a significant non-physical factor that affects the distribution of population in a country. It influences social, economic, and political factors, creating an environment that attracts people and encourages them to settle in specific regions.
Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 6

1. When was Human Resource Development Ministry formed in India at central level of Government?

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 6

Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) was created on September 26, 1985. The Ministry handles all matters related to the education of the people of India. Q. The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) was created on September 26, .

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 7

Cite an example where religious or cultural activities tend to attract more people

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 7
Religious and Cultural Activities Attracting More People in Jerusalem:
Religious and cultural activities often play a significant role in attracting a large number of people to a particular place. Jerusalem, the capital city of Israel, is a prime example of such a destination that draws crowds due to its religious and cultural significance. Here's why:
1. Religious Significance:
- Jerusalem is considered a holy city by three major religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
- The city is home to significant religious sites such as the Western Wall, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
- Pilgrims and religious tourists from around the world visit Jerusalem to connect with their faith and participate in religious ceremonies.
2. Cultural Heritage:
- Jerusalem has a rich cultural heritage with a diverse mix of traditions, customs, and historical sites.
- The Old City of Jerusalem, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is a major attraction for its ancient architecture, narrow streets, and vibrant markets.
- The city hosts various cultural festivals, art exhibitions, and music events throughout the year, showcasing its cultural diversity.
3. Festivals and Celebrations:
- Jerusalem hosts several religious festivals and celebrations that draw a large crowd.
- The Passover, Easter, and Ramadan are celebrated with great enthusiasm, attracting both locals and tourists.
- Festivals like the Jerusalem Light Festival and the Jerusalem Film Festival also contribute to the cultural vibrancy of the city.
4. Historical Significance:
- Jerusalem has a long and storied history, with archaeological sites that attract history enthusiasts.
- The City of David, the Tower of David, and the Mount of Olives are among the historical sites that showcase Jerusalem's past.
- The opportunity to explore the city's ancient history and walk in the footsteps of biblical figures is a significant draw for many.
5. Spiritual Retreats and Study:
- Jerusalem is also a popular destination for spiritual retreats and study programs.
- Many religious institutions and seminaries offer courses and programs for individuals seeking a deeper understanding of their faith.
- The city's spiritual ambiance and the presence of knowledgeable scholars make it an ideal place for spiritual growth and learning.
In conclusion, Jerusalem's religious and cultural activities make it a compelling destination for people seeking spiritual experiences, historical exploration, and cultural immersion. The city's significance to multiple religions, its diverse cultural heritage, and the various festivals and celebrations contribute to its appeal and draw a large number of people.
Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 8

 Using resources carefully, judicially & giving them time to get renewed is called .................

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 8

Using resources carefully, judicially and giving them time to get renewed is called resource conservation. It is very necessary to use the resources very carefully as they are part of our life support system.

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 9

Give reasons as to why Alaska in North America is more populated.

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 9

Alaska has a lot of minerals and thereby becomes attractive location.

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 10

Osaka in Japan and Mumbai in India are two densely populated areas. Give reason

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 10

As this region has highly developed and provided more employment opportunities.

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 11

Population change refer to

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 11
Population Change:

Population change refers to the overall change in the number of people living in a particular area over a specified period of time.


Factors Affecting Population Change:

  • Birth Rate: The number of live births per 1,000 people in a population.

  • Death Rate: The number of deaths per 1,000 people in a population.

  • Migration: The movement of people into or out of a specific geographic area.


Understanding Population Change:

  • Population Growth: When the number of births exceeds the number of deaths and the net migration rate is positive, population increases.

  • Population Decline: When the number of deaths exceeds the number of births and the net migration rate is negative, population decreases.

  • Population Stability: When the number of births equals the number of deaths and the net migration rate is relatively balanced, population remains stable.


Importance of Population Change:

  • Planning and Policy: Understanding population change helps in developing effective policies and plans for areas such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure.

  • Economic Development: Population change affects economic growth, labor force, and market demand, thus influencing economic development strategies.

  • Sustainability: Managing population change is crucial for sustainable development, ensuring the availability of resources and maintaining environmental balance.


In conclusion, population change refers to the change in the number of people living in a particular area over time. It is influenced by factors such as birth rate, death rate, and migration. Understanding population change is essential for planning, policy-making, economic development, and sustainability.
Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 12

Pick out from the following, the apt definition for natural growth rate.

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 12
The Apt Definition for Natural Growth Rate:
The apt definition for natural growth rate is A: The difference between the birth rate and the death rate of a country.
Explanation:
1. Natural growth rate refers to the rate at which a population increases or decreases due to the difference between births and deaths.
2. The natural growth rate can be calculated by subtracting the death rate from the birth rate of a country.
3. It provides information about the population dynamics and changes in population size over time.
4. The natural growth rate is an essential indicator for understanding population trends and planning for future needs, such as healthcare, education, and infrastructure.
5. It is usually expressed as a percentage or per thousand individuals.
6. A positive natural growth rate indicates that the birth rate exceeds the death rate, resulting in population growth.
7. Conversely, a negative natural growth rate signifies that the death rate surpasses the birth rate, leading to population decline.
In conclusion, the natural growth rate is a crucial measure that helps analyze population changes and make informed decisions regarding various social and economic aspects of a country.
Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 13

Life expectancy refer to

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 13
The term life span is most commonly confused with another important concept: life expectancy. While both terms relate to the number of living years, they actually define very different concepts. While the term life span refers to the maximum number of years an individual can live, life expectancy refers to an estimate or an average number of years a person can expect to live. Most simply put, life expectancy can be attributed to and impacted by an individual and their personal health history, genetics, and lifestyle, whereas life span holds for all living humans.
Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 14

Birth rate refer to

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 14
Birth rate refers to:
- The number of live births per 1,000 people: This is the most accurate definition of birth rate. It represents the number of live births that occur in a population per 1,000 individuals. It is an important demographic indicator used to analyze population growth and fertility rates.
- The number of people moving from one place to another: This is known as migration rate, not birth rate. Migration rate refers to the number of individuals who move from one location to another within a given time period.
- The number of infants died per 1,000 people: This is known as infant mortality rate, not birth rate. Infant mortality rate represents the number of deaths of infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births.
- The number of deaths per 1,000 people: This is known as death rate or mortality rate, not birth rate. Death rate represents the number of deaths that occur in a population per 1,000 individuals.
Therefore, the correct answer is C: The number of live births per 1,000 people when referring to birth rate.
Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 15

The number of deaths per 1,000 people refer to

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 15
Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people) 
Definition: Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear.
Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 16

The movement of people in and out of an area is referred to as

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 16
The movement of people in and out of an area is referred to as Migration.
Migration refers to the process of movement of people from one place to another, either within a country or across international borders. It involves the relocation of individuals or groups of people and can occur due to various reasons such as economic opportunities, social factors, political instability, or environmental conditions. Here are some key points to understand migration:
1. Definition: Migration is the voluntary or involuntary movement of individuals or groups of people from one location to another.
2. Types of Migration:
- Internal Migration: Movement within the borders of a country, such as rural to urban migration.
- International Migration: Movement across international borders, such as immigration or emigration.
3. Reasons for Migration:
- Economic Factors: People may migrate in search of better job opportunities, higher wages, or improved living standards.
- Social Factors: Migration can be driven by factors such as education, marriage, or reunification with family members.
- Political Factors: Individuals may migrate due to political instability, conflicts, or persecution in their home country.
- Environmental Factors: Natural disasters, climate change, or environmental degradation can also lead to migration.
4. Impacts of Migration:
- Social and Cultural Impact: Migration can influence the demographics, cultural diversity, and social dynamics of both the origin and destination areas.
- Economic Impact: Migration can contribute to the labor force, stimulate economic growth, and bring remittances to the home country.
- Political Impact: Migration policies and integration of migrants can have political implications.
In conclusion, migration is the movement of people in and out of an area, and it plays a significant role in shaping population dynamics, social structures, and economic development.
Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 17

Analyse the image given below and infer 

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 17

as left side heavy means birth rate is more so population increases

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 18

What does the following image infer? 

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 19

A population pyramid

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 19

The correct option is D.
A population pyramid is a graph that shows the distribution of ages across a population divided down the center between male and female members of the population.

Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 20

If the birth rate is high and the death rate is low in a country then the population pyramid will

Detailed Solution for Test: Human Resources - 2 - Question 20

A population pyramid, also called an "age-gender-pyramid", is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population. If the birth rate is high and death rate low, it will lead to movement rapidly towards the top.

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