Test: The Age Of Industrialisation - 4


20 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12) | Test: The Age Of Industrialisation - 4


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QUESTION: 1

The export of Indian yarn to China declined in 1906. Why?

Solution:

From 1906, export of Indian yarn to China declined since produce from Chinese and Japanese mills had flooded to the Chinese markets. So Indian industrialists shifted their interest from yarn to cloth production leading to considerable production of cotton piece goods.

QUESTION: 2

A fly shuttle is:

Solution:

The flying shuttle was one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving. It allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics, and it could be mechanized, allowing for automatic machine looms. It was patented by John Kay  

In a typical frame loom, as used previous to the invention of the flying shuttle, the operator sat with the newly woven cloth before him or her, using treadles or some other mechanism to raise and lower the heddles, which opened the shed in the warp threads. The operator then had to reach forward while holding the shuttle in one hand and pass this through the shed; the shuttle carried a bobbin for the weft. The shuttle then had to be caught in the other hand, the shed closed, and the beater pulled forward to push the weft into place. This action (called a "pick") required regularly bending forward over the fabric; more importantly, the coordination between the throwing and catching of the shuttle required multiple operators if the width of the fabric exceeded that which could be reasonably reached across (typically 60 inches (150 cm) or less).

QUESTION: 3

What items did Indian factories supply during the First World War?

Solution:

 India made a huge contribution to Britain’s war effort. It sent staggering numbers of volunteers to fight and die on behalf of the allied forces.
The country also supplied 170,000 animals, 3,7 million tonnes of supplies, jute for sandbags,cloth for army uniforms, tents, leather boots, horse and mule saddles, besides other things.

QUESTION: 4

The main interests of the European Managing Agencies, which dominated industrial production in India, were :

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Which of the following statements is not true about the effect of the First World War on industrialisation in India?

Solution:

Manchester export to India declined after the First World War because the British industries and mills were busy in fulfilling the needs of the army. Most of the products were manufactured for meeting the war needs.

QUESTION: 6

Why are advertisements needed to create new consumers?

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Who among the following produced a popular music book that had a picture on the cover page announcing the Dawn of the Century?

Solution:

In 1900, a popular music publisher E.T. Paull produced a music book that had a picture on the cover page announcing the ‘Dawn of the Century’ in which at the centre of the picture is a goddess-like figure, the angel of progress, bearing the flag of the new century. She is gently perched on a wheel with wings, symbolising time. Her flight is taking her into the future. Floating about, behind her, are the signs of progress: railway, camera, machines, printing press and factory.

QUESTION: 8

Which among the following is associated with Gomasthas?

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Which one of the following factories was considered as a symbol of new era in England in the late eighteenth century?

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

How does advertisement help us to create new consumer?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Name the person who created the cotton mill in England?

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

Who devised the Spinning Jenny?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

The introduction of which new technology in England angered women?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Which pre-colonial port connected India to the Gulf countries and the Red Sea ports?

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

Where in India was the first cotton mill set up?

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Which one of the following Indian ports lost its importance during colonial rule?

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Which of the following was not a European Managing Agency dominating industrial production in India? 

Solution:

European Managing Agencies like Bird Heiglers and Co, Andrew Yule, Jardine Skinner and Co. which dominated industrial production in India, were interested in certain kinds of products. Acquiring land at cheap rates from the colonial government, they established tea and coffee plantations. Hence, the correct answer is option (D).

QUESTION: 18

By which of the following phenomena was the pattern of industrial change in India conditioned?

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

Which one of the following was the job of the Gomastha?

Solution:

The East India company tried to eliminate the existing traders and brokers connected what the cloth trade , and establish a direct control over the weavers through GOMASTHAS , these were the paid servant of the British government to supervise weavers , collect supplies and examine the quality of cloth.

QUESTION: 20

In which year Henry Patullo establish a Company?

Solution:

In 1772, Henry Patullo, a Company official, had ventured to say that the demand for Indian textiles could never reduce, since any other nation produced goods of the same quality.

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