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Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - UPSC MCQ


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25 Questions MCQ Test Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3

Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 for UPSC 2024 is part of Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly preparation. The Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 below.
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Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 1

Consider the following statements.

  1. Shallow earthquakes are generally less devastating compared to deeper earthquakes, because Shallow earthquakes carry less energy when they emerge on the surface.
  2. The seismic waves of deeper earth quakes move radially upwards to the surface.
  3. The earthquake magnitude scale gives a measure of the energy released by the seismic waves.

Which of the above statement sis/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 1
  • Shallow earthquakes are generally more devastating because they carry greater energy when they emerge on the surface. Deeper earthquakes lose much of their energy by the time they come to the surface. The deeper quakes spread farther — the seismic waves move radially upwards to the surface — even as they lose energy while travelling greater distances, and hence cause less damage.
  • The earthquake magnitude scale gives a measure of the energy released, although the reading in itself is not of energy. Rather, it takes into account amplitude or ‘size’ of the seismic waves released, and variations in distance between various seismographs and the earthquake epicentre. Thus, it is a dimensionless number — with no physical units.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 2

Consider the following statements regarding Interpol Red Notice.

  1. A Red Notice is a request to law enforcement worldwide to locate and provisionally arrest a person pending extradition, surrender, or similar legal action.
  2. Red Notice acts as an international arrest warrant.
  3. Red Notice also mention the crime(s) for which the person is wanted for.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 2
  • Criminals or suspects often flee to other countries to evade facing justice. A Red Corner Notice, or Red Notice (RN) alerts police forces across the world about fugitives who are wanted internationally.
  • Interpol says “Red Notices are issued for fugitives wanted either for prosecution or to serve a sentence. A Red Notice is a request to law enforcement worldwide to locate and provisionally arrest a person pending extradition, surrender, or similar legal action.”
  • RNs contain information that helps identify wanted persons, such as their names, dates of birth, nationality, and physical attributes such as the colour of their hair and eyes, as well as pictures and biometric data such as fingerprints, if they are available. RNs also mention the crime(s) they are wanted for.
  • An RN is only an international wanted persons’ notice; it is not an international arrest warrant.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 3

Consider the following statements regarding International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

  1. ITU is the United Nations’ specialised agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs).
  2. The ITU promotes the shared global use of the radio spectrum and facilitates international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits.
  3. ITU’s Area office & Innovation Centre is located in India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 3
  • The Prime Minister inaugurated the new International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Area office & Innovation Centre in India. ITU is the United Nations’ specialized agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs). India signed a Host Country Agreement in March 2022 with ITU for the establishment of Area Office. It will serve India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Afghanistan and Iran, enhancing coordination among nations and fostering mutually beneficial economic cooperation in the region.
  • The ITU promotes the shared global use of the radio spectrum, facilitates international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, assists in developing and coordinating worldwide technical standards, and works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world. It is also active in the areas of broadband Internet, wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, TV broadcasting, amateur radio, and next-generation networks.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 4

In legislative parlance, the term “guillotine” is used in the context of 

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 4
  • In legislative parlance, to “guillotine” means to bunch together and fast-track the passage of financial business. It is a fairly common procedural exercise in Lok Sabha during the Budget Session.
  • After the Budget is presented, Parliament goes into recess for about three weeks, during which time the House Standing Committees examine Demands for Grants for various Ministries, and prepare reports. After Parliament reassembles, the Business Advisory Committee (BAC) draws up a schedule for discussions on the Demands for Grants. Given the limitation of time, the House cannot take up the expenditure demands of all Ministries; therefore, the BAC identifies some important Ministries for discussions.
  • It usually lists Demands for Grants of the Ministries of Home, Defence, External Affairs, Agriculture, Rural Development and Human Resource Development. Members utilise the opportunity to discuss the policies and working of Ministries.
  • Once the House is done with these debates, the Speaker applies the “guillotine”, and all outstanding demands for grants are put to vote at once. This usually happens on the last day earmarked for the discussion on the Budget. The intention is to ensure timely passage of the Finance Bill, marking the completion of the legislative exercise with regard to the Budget.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 5

Consider the following statements.

  1. India is the largest contributor to global TB cases and accounts for more than 50% of all TB cases in the world.
  2. Elimination of Tuberculosis is one of the sustainable development goals.
  3. India has set the target of elimination of Tuberculosis by 2025.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 5
  • Although India continues to be the largest contributor to global TB cases, there has been a decline in the number of cases in 2021. India accounts for 28% of all TB cases in the world, according to the Global TB Report 2022.
  • Although elimination of Tuberculosis is one of the sustainable development targets to be achieved by 2030 by the world, India has set the target of 2025.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 6

The Supreme Court’s ruling in Lily Thomas v Union of India case is related to 

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 6
  • As per Section 8(3) of the Representation of the People Act of 1951, conviction of a lawmaker for an offence with a two-year sentence or more leads to disqualification from the House.
  • Section 8(4) of the RPA said that the disqualification takes effect only “after three months have elapsed” from the date of conviction. Within that period, the convicted lawmaker could have filed an appeal against the sentence before a higher court.
  • However, this provision was struck down as “unconstitutional” in the Supreme Court’s landmark 2013 ruling in ‘Lily Thomas v Union of India’.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 7

The Representation of the People Act, 1951 provides which of the following?

  1. Conduct of election to the Houses of Parliament
  2. Qualifications and disqualifications for membership of Legislature of each State
  3. The corrupt practices and other offences in connection with elections to State Legislature.

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 7

The Representation of the People Act, 1951 is an act of Parliament of India to provide for the conduct of election of the Houses of Parliament and to the House or Houses of the Legislature of each State, the qualifications and disqualifications for membership of those Houses, the corrupt practices and other offences at or in connection with such elections and the decision of doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with such elections. It was introduced in Parliament by law minister Dr BR Ambedkar.

Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 8

Consider the following statements regarding Marburg virus disease.

  1. Marburg virus disease (MVD) is a severe, often fatal hemorrhagic fever.
  2. Marburg, like Ebola is a filovirus and both diseases are clinically similar.
  3. Rousettus fruit bats are considered the natural hosts for the Marburg virus.

Which of the above statement sis/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 8
  • Marburg virus disease (MVD), earlier known as Marburg hemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal hemorrhagic fever, according to the WHO.
  • Marburg, like Ebola, is a filovirus; and both diseases are clinically similar.
  • Rousettus fruit bats are considered the natural hosts for the Marburg virus. However, African green monkeys imported from Uganda were the source of the first human infection, the WHO points out. It was first detected in 1967 after simultaneous outbreaks in Marburg and Frankfurt in Germany; and in Belgrade, Serbia.
  • The disease has an average fatality rate of around 50%. However, it can be as low as 24% or as high as 88% depending on virus strain and case management, says the WHO.
  • It is difficult to clinically distinguish MVD from diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever and other viral haemorrhagic fevers. However, it is confirmed by lab testing of samples, which like Coronavirus and Ebola are extreme biohazard risks.
  • There is no approved antiviral treatment or vaccine for MVD as of now. It can be managed with supportive care. According to the WHO, rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids, and treatment of specific symptoms can help prevent death.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 9

Nowruz, which marks the beginning of the New Year is celebrated mainly by which of the following community in India? 

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 9
  • Nowruz, also spelled as Navroz, is celebrated by the ethnic Iranian population every year in various parts of the world. The Parsi community in India, which follows Zoroastrianism, celebrated Nowruz on March 21, marking the beginning of the New Year.
  • The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the International Day of Nowruz in 2010. The festival had also been listed as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2016. Terming it as a day which marks the “renewal of nature,” the UNESCO describes it as a festival which “promotes values of peace and solidarity between generations and within families as well as reconciliation and neighborliness.”
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 10

Consider the following statements.

  1. Graphene is a double-atom-thick layer of carbon atoms bonded in a honeycomb pattern.
  2. Graphene can display the property of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) at room temperature.
  3. Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) is the result of the electrical resistance of a conductor being affected by magnetic fields in adjacent materials.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 10
  • Researchers in the UK, led by Nobel laureate Andre Geim, have discovered another property of graphene – a single-atom-thick layer of carbon atoms bonded in a honeycomb pattern – that further distinguishes this ‘wonder’ material.
  • Dr. Geim & co. found that graphene displays an anomalous giant magnetoresistance (GMR) at room temperature.
  • GMR is the result of the electrical resistance of a conductor being affected by magnetic fields in adjacent materials. It is used in harddisk drives and magnetoresistive RAM in computers, biosensors, automotive sensors, microelectromechanical systems, and medical imagers.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 11

Which of the following is/are classified as macronutrients that are essential for plant growth?

  1. Manganese
  2. Iron
  3. Zinc
  4. Copper

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 11

There are 16 elements essential to growth of crop plants:

  • Supplied by air and water: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
  • Macronutrients: nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium
  • Secondary Nutrients: calcium, magnesium, sulfur
  • Micronutrients: boron (B), chlorine (Cl), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), and zinc (Zn).
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 12

Consider the following statements regarding Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

  1. The Act provide protection for not only wild animals and birds, but also for plants to ensure the ecological and environmental security of the country.
  2. It aims to conserve protected species by prohibiting their hunting and by protecting their habitat through the creation of sanctuaries, national parks and reserves.
  3. The Act completely prohibits capturing or hunting any species of animals listed under Schedules I-IV.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 12
  • The Wildlife Protection Act came into force on September 9, 1972, to “provide for the protection” of wild animals, birds and plants to ensure the “ecological and environmental security of the country.” It aims to conserve protected species in two main ways: firstly, by prohibiting their hunting and secondly by protecting their habitat through the creation and regulation of sanctuaries, national parks, reserves, etc.
  • Further, the Act prohibits capturing or hunting any species of animals listed under Schedules I-IV, barring a few exceptions such as hunting a diseased or dangerous animal or bird constituting a threat to human life or property or for scientific research or management.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 13

Consider the following statem

  1. A V-shaped recovery occurs when, following a recession, different parts of the economy recover at different rates, times, or magnitudes.
  2. A K-shaped recovery is characterised by quick and effective recovery in measures of economic performance after an acute decline in the economy.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 13
  • A V-shaped recovery is characterised by quick and effective recovery in measures of economic performance after an acute decline in the economy.
  • A K-shaped recovery occurs when, following a recession, different parts of the economy recover at different rates, times or magnitudes.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 14

Which of the following is/are examples of traditional water harvesting systems practised in India?

  1. Dongs water channel system in Assam.
  2. Wet rice cum fish cultivation’ system in Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Rooftop rainwater harvesting’ system in Mizoram
  4. Bamboo drip irrigation system can be seen in Meghalaya

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 14

Many traditional water harvesting systems are practised in the Northeast, Among them are

  • ‘dongs’ (water channels that originate in rivers) in Assam,
  • the ‘wet rice cum fish cultivation’ system (where water is allowed to stay on in the fields, leading to fish farming along with paddy cultivation), followed in Ziro Valley of Arunachal Pradesh,
  • the ‘zabo’ system (a method of preventing rainwater from rolling off the mountains) of Kikruma village in Nagaland’s Phek district
  • the ‘rooftop rainwater harvesting’ system of Mizoram and Meghalaya.
  • bamboo drip irrigation system can be seen in Meghalaya and other hilly areas of the Northeast, in parts of the northern plains and the Bhutan border area.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 15

Consider the following statements regarding International Monetary Fund (IMF).

  1. The IMF was set up with the aim to bring about international economic coordination to prevent competing currency devaluation by countries trying to promote their own exports.
  2. It is considered as the last resort lender for countries facing severe economic crises.
  3. Quotas are the IMF’s main source of financing, wherein each member of the IMF is assigned a quota, based broadly on its relative position in the world economy.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 15
  • The IMF was set up in 1945 with the aim to bring about international economic coordination to prevent competing currency devaluation by countries trying to promote their own exports. It later went on to become a last resort lender for countries facing severe economic crises.
  • IMF funds come from three sources: member quotas, multilateral and bilateral borrowing agreements. Quotas are the IMF’s main source of financing, wherein each member of the IMF is assigned a quota, based broadly on its relative position in the world economy.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 16

Which of the following has the highest weightage under Consumer Price Index urban? 

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 16

In India, the most important category in the consumer price index is Food and beverages which has highest weight in CPI rural and CPI urban.

Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 17

Which country has won the FIFA World cup (Men) for maximum number of times?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 17

Brazil, the only team that has participated in every World Cup, is also the most successful team in the competition, having won five titles and finished second twice.

Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 18

The 16th Edition of Indo-Nepal joint training Exercise was conducted to enhance interoperability in jungle warfare & counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain. What is the name of this exercise?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 18

Exercise “SURYA KIRAN” is conducted annually between India and Nepal with the aim to enhance interoperability in jungle warfare & counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain.

Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 19

Consider the following statements regarding Kanaganahalli Archaeological Site.

  • It is situated on the bank of Kaveri River.
  • Emperor Ashoka’s image was found at the site.
  • The remains of the Kanaganahalli stupa can be dated between 3rd Century B.C. to 3rd Century A.D.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 19
  • Left almost unattended to for 20 years after it came to light through the excavation by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) between 1994 and 2001, the ancient Buddhist site on the bank of Bhima river near Kanaganahalli (forming part of Sannati site) in Kalaburagi district, has finally got some attention.
  • The Kanaganahalli excavation opened up many marvels. For example, an ‘abandoned well’ in the eyes of local villagers turned out to be the magnificent Maha Stupa, which was referred to as Adholoka Maha Chaitya (the Great Stupa of the netherworlds) in the inscriptions and, more significantly, the stone-portrait of Emperor Ashoka, surrounded by his queens and female attendants.
  • The Maha Stupa is believed to have been developed in three constructional phases – Maurya, Early Satavahana and Later Satavahana periods stretching from 3rd Century B.C. to 3rd Century A.D. The Stupa is believed to have been destroyed in an earthquake.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 20

The countries bordering Turkey include:

  1. Iraq
  2. Iran
  3. Syria
  4. Romania
  5. Bulgaria

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 20

Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 21

Consider the following statements regarding Tibetan Buddhism.

  1. Buddhism in Tibet evolved from the Mahayana and Vajrayana traditions of Buddhism.
  2. It incorporated many tantric and shamanic practices of post-Gupta period Buddhism in India.
  3. Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug are the major schools of Tibetan Buddhism.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 21
  • Buddhism became the predominant religion in Tibet by the 9th century AD. It evolved from the Mahayana and Vajrayana traditions of Buddhism, incorporating many tantric and shamanic practices of both post-Gupta period Buddhism in India as well as the Bon religion which was spread across Tibet before Buddhism’s arrival.
  • Tibetan Buddhism has four major schools: Nyingma (8th century), Kagyu (11th century), Sakya (1073), and Gelug (1409). The Janang school (12th century) is one of the smaller schools that grew as an offshoot of the Sakya school. Since 1640, the Gelug school has been the predominant school of Tibetan Buddhism. The Dalai Lama belongs to this school.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 22

Substantive equality adopted by some countries, means that 

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 22

Substantive equality is a fundamental aspect of human rights law that is concerned with equitable outcomes and equal opportunities for disadvantaged and marginalized people and groups in society.

Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 23

Consider the following statements regarding Jal Jeevan Mission.

  1. Jal Jeevan Mission, aims to provide safe and adequate drinking water through tap connections to all households in India by 2024.
  2. The Jal Jeevan Mission is based on a community approach to water and include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission.
  3. It also includes elements such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation and rain water harvesting.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 23

Jal Jeevan Mission, is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India. The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting. The Jal Jeevan Mission is based on a community approach to water and include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission. JJM looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.

Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 24

Consider the following statements regarding Nitrous oxide.

  1. Nitrous oxide is also known as laughing gas.
  2. Nitrous oxide has significant medical uses, especially in surgery and dentistry, for its anaesthetic and pain reducing effects.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 24
  • Nitrous oxide is also known as laughing gas.
  • Nitrous oxide has significant medical uses, especially in surgery and dentistry, for its anaesthetic and pain reducing effects. 
  • It is on the World Health Organisation’s List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system.
Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 25

What are the roles and powers of the State Government with respect to Wildlife Protection?

  1. Forests and Protection of Wild Animals and Birds are included in the State list under seventh schedule of the Indian Constitution.
  2. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 allows the State government to appoint a Chief Wildlife Warden.
  3. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 empowers the state to constitute a State Board for Wild Life with the Minister in charge of Forests and Wildlife as its chairperson.

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: April 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 3 - Question 25
  • It was in 1976, with the advent of the 42nd Amendment Act, that the subject of “Forests and Protection of Wild Animals and Birds” was transferred from State to Concurrent List. However, state governments still enjoy a host of powers under the WPA, 1972.
  • Section 4 allows the State government to appoint a Chief Wildlife Warden alongside wildlife wardens, honorary wildlife wardens, and other officers and employees. In addition, Section 6 empowers the state to constitute a State Board for Wild Life, consisting of the Chief Minister as chairperson, the Minister in charge of Forests and Wildlife as the vice chairperson, and at least three members of the State legislature, among others.
  • State governments can also add or delete any entry to or from any Schedule or transfer any entry from one part of a Schedule to another, provided that any such alteration made by the State Government is done with the previous consent of the Centre, under Section 61.
  • Besides this, under Section 64, state governments can notify certain rules, including the conditions subject to which any license or permit may be granted or under which the officers will be authorised to file cases in court.
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