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Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - UPSC MCQ


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25 Questions MCQ Test Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 for UPSC 2024 is part of Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly preparation. The Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 below.
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Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 1

In India, which one of the following is mandated with facilitating monetization of non-core assets of government CPSEs under strategic disinvestment or closure and enemy property? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 1

In India, the disinvestment process is overseen by the Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM), operating under the Ministry of Finance. DIPAM’s main goal is to manage the government’s investments in public sector enterprises and supervise the disinvestment of government equity in these enterprises. Additionally, in 2005, the government established the National Investment Fund (NIF) to serve as a channel for the proceeds generated from the disinvestment of Central Public Sector Enterprises. The creation of NIF aimed to ensure transparent and efficient utilization of these funds for various developmental purposes.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 2

Which organization releases the Global Financial Stability Report? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 2

Global Financial Stability Report is prepared by the International Monetary Fund. It assesses the stability of global financial markets and emerging market financing. Topics covered in the GFSR usually include systemic risk assessments in worldwide financial markets, worldwide debt management, emerging economic markets and current economic crises that could affect finances worldwide.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 3

Which one of the following statements is not correct? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 3
  • Global hepatitis report 2024
    • Released by WHO
    • India accounted for over 11% of the global burden of hepatitis B & C cases, ranking second after China.
    • Hepatitis is liver inflammation caused by various factors, such as drugs, alcohol, and autoimmune disorders. Symptoms can range from jaundice and fever to chronic illness. The five main strains are A, B, C, D, and E, with B and C leading to chronic disease, liver cirrhosis, cancer, and death. While a vaccine exists for type B, none is available for type C
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 4

Which of the following statements about an Initial Public Offering (IPO) is correct? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 4

An Initial Public Offering (IPO) refers to the process by which a private company becomes a public company by offering its shares to the general public for the first time. This allows the company to raise capital from public investors. Option D correctly describes this process, making it the correct answer. The other options do not accurately describe what an IPO entails.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 5

Plastic Overshoot Day 2024 Report was released by which organization? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 5
  • Released by Earth Action
  • Key Findings: In 2024, it’s projected for September 5th globally and April 23rd in India. There has been over 7% rise in global plastic waste since 2021, with 12 countries responsible for 60% of mismanaged plastic waste, including China, India, and Russia.
  • India is categorized as a Low-Waste-Producing Polluter with a high Mismanaged Waste Index (MWI)
  • Plastic Overshoot Day (similar to Earth Overshoot Day) marks when global plastic waste surpasses the world’s capacity to manage it, leading to pollution.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 6

For the 2024 Lok Sabha elections, the Election Commission of India (ECI) has unveiled a revolutionary plan that offers the choice of “home voting,” which is accessible for 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 6
  • Context: The Election Commission of India (ECI) has introduced a ground-breaking initiative for the 2024 Lok Sabha elections, providing the option of home voting for elderly citizens above 85 years of age and Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) with a 40% benchmark disability.
  • This initiative aims to enhance inclusivity and accessibility in the electoral process.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 7

Consider the following pairs [Volcano’s Name: Location]

  1. Mount Etna: Italy
  2. Mauna Loa: Indonesia
  3. Mount Vesuvius: Philippine

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 7

Let's evaluate each pair of volcano names and their locations:

1. Mount Etna: Italy
   - This pair is correct. Mount Etna is located in Italy.

2. Mauna Loa: Indonesia
   - This pair is incorrect. Mauna Loa is not located in Indonesia. It is located in Hawaii, USA.

3. Mount Vesuvius: Philippine
   - This pair is incorrect. Mount Vesuvius is not located in the Philippines. It is located in Italy.

Based on the evaluation:

- Only the first pair, Mount Etna: Italy, is correctly matched.
- The other two pairs, Mauna Loa: Indonesia and Mount Vesuvius: Philippine, are incorrect.

Therefore, the number of correctly matched pairs is:

Answer: A: Only one

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 8

Consider the following statements about the Directorate of Enforcement or Enforcement Directorate (ED):

  1. It is part of the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance.
  2. Its primary objective is to curb the generation and circulation of black money and to ensure compliance with the laws concerning foreign exchange and prevention of money laundering.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 8

Let's evaluate each statement about the Directorate of Enforcement (ED):

1. It is part of the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance.
   - This statement is correct. The Enforcement Directorate (ED) is indeed part of the Department of Revenue, which operates under the Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

2. Its primary objective is to curb the generation and circulation of black money and to ensure compliance with the laws concerning foreign exchange and prevention of money laundering.
   - This statement is correct. The primary objective of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) is to enforce economic laws and fight economic crime in India, including curbing black money, ensuring compliance with foreign exchange laws, and preventing money laundering.

Based on the evaluation:

- Statement 1 is correct.
- Statement 2 is correct.

Therefore, the correct answer is:

Answer: C: Both 1 and 2

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 9

Consider the following statements the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):

  1. It is a statutory body under the administration of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
  2. It regulates the manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import of food articles, while also establishing standards to ensure food safety.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 9

Let's evaluate each statement about the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):

1. It is a statutory body under the administration of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.
   - This statement is incorrect. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is not under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution. It is actually under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.

2. It regulates the manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import of food articles, while also establishing standards to ensure food safety.
   - This statement is correct. FSSAI is responsible for regulating and supervising the manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import of food articles. It also lays down standards for food safety and ensures their enforcement.

Based on the evaluation:

- Statement 1 is incorrect.
- Statement 2 is correct.

Therefore, the correct answer is:

Answer: B: 2 only

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 10

Which of the following statements about radiation therapy is correct? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 10
  • Context: Lady Hardinge Medical College in Delhi has inaugurated its Radiation Therapy facility, providing treatment to cancer patients using Brachytherapy equipment.
  • Radiation therapy, also known as radiotherapy, uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells or shrink tumors. It can be used alone as a primary treatment for cancer or in combination with other treatments such as surgery and chemotherapy. The primary goal of radiation therapy is to target cancer cells while minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissues. It is not a surgical procedure to remove tumors, and it does not use radioactive substances as a primary treatment method.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 11

Which of the following best describes ‘Shrinkflation’? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 11
  • Context: Shrinkflation, the reduction in product sizes while maintaining prices, is resurfacing in the fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) industry due to rising input costs.
  • Shrinkflation refers to the practice employed by manufacturers wherein the size or quantity of a product is reduced while keeping its price the same or slightly adjusted.
    • This strategy allows companies to maintain profit margins amid rising production costs.
    • Shrinkflation often goes unnoticed by consumers initially but can lead to dissatisfaction as they realize they are receiving less for the same amount of money.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 12

Which of the following statements best describes the Kármán Line? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 12

About Kármán Line

It is the boundary between Earth’s atmosphere and outer space, located approximately 100 kilometres (62 miles) above sea level. It is named after Hungarian-American engineer and physicist Theodore von Kármán, who first calculated the altitude where the atmosphere becomes too thin to support conventional aircraft flight.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 13

Which of the following statements accurately describes a Nostro account? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 13

A nostro account is a bank account held in another country by a domestic bank, denominated in the currency of the overseas country.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 14

Which of the following statements about rogue waves is true? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 14
  • Context: A University of Melbourne expedition to the Southern Ocean has uncovered that wind is a significant factor in the creation of massive rogue waves.
  • About Rogue Waves:
    • Rogue waves are large, unpredictable, and dangerous ocean waves that are at least twice the height of the surrounding waves.
    • They can be formed when multiple wave crests pass through a single point, or from a combination of waves and currents.
    • Rogue waves are rare, but they can be a threat to ocean liners, capital ships, and land structures.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 15

Soil acidification is a process characterized by: 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 15
  • Soil acidification is a natural process that occurs when the concentration of hydrogen ions in the soil increases.
  • This reduces the soil’s pH.
  • Soil acidification can be accelerated by some agricultural practices, such as:
  • Removing plant and animal products, Leaching excess nitrate, Adding some nitrogen-based fertilizers, Building up mostly plant-based organic matter, and Using ammonium-based fertilizers.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 16

Which of the following statements best describes a key finding from the recent ‘Trade and Development Report Update’? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 16

Trade and Development Report Update (April 2024)

  • Published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
  • Key Findings:
    • Global merchandise trade decline: In 2023, global merchandise trade decreased by approximately 1% in real terms due to trade tensions among major economies, subdued global demand, and disruptions in key shipping routes.
    • Impact of developed economies’ monetary policy on developing countries: Rapid and simultaneous tightening of monetary policy by major developed economies has led to higher debt servicing costs and challenges in securing new financing options for developing countries. Additionally, increased interest rates in developed countries have depreciated currencies in developing nations, and double-digit interest rates set by central banks in many developing countries have negatively affected domestic demand, employment, and household incomes.
    • Global debt crisis: Developing countries’ governments are struggling with increasing debt payment obligations. This year marked the first instance of a net negative resource transfer from developing to developed countries since 2008. By 2023, nine low-income countries had fallen into debt distress, with an additional 25 on the brink.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 17

Consider the following statements about National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO):

  1. It operates under the Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  2. It oversees organ procurement, allotment and distribution in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 17

Let's evaluate each statement regarding the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO):

1. It operates under the Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
   - This statement is correct. NOTTO operates under the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), which is a part of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.

2. It oversees organ procurement, allotment and distribution in India.
   - This statement is correct. NOTTO is responsible for overseeing organ procurement, allotment, and distribution across India. It maintains the National Organ and Tissue Registry and coordinates activities related to organ transplantation.

Based on the evaluation:

- Statement 1 is correct.
- Statement 2 is correct.

Therefore, the correct answer is:

Answer: C: Both 1 and 2

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 18

Which of the following statements about diabetes is true? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 18
  • Option A: Type 1 diabetes does not develop because of your lifestyle. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. Diet and activity levels have nothing to do with whether you develop type 1 diabetes or not.
  • Option B: Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, where the body’s cells do not respond effectively to insulin. It is not an autoimmune disease, and the immune system does not attack the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.
  • Option C: Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It usually develops in the second or third trimester and can increase the risk of complications for both the mother and baby. While it typically resolves after childbirth, women who have had gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
  • Option D: Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by low blood sugar levels, not high blood sugar levels as stated in the option.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 19

Consider the following statements:

  1. Black holes emit more light than stars.
  2. Black holes are formed when a star undergoes nuclear fusion.
  3. The escape velocity of a black hole exceeds the speed of light.

How many of the statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 19

Let's evaluate each statement:

1. Black holes emit more light than stars.
   - This statement is incorrect. Black holes do not emit light. They are objects with such strong gravitational pull that nothing, including light, can escape from them. They are detected indirectly through the radiation emitted by material falling into them.

2. Black holes are formed when a star undergoes nuclear fusion.
   - This statement is incorrect. Black holes are formed after the death of a massive star in a supernova explosion. During a supernova, the core of the star collapses under gravity, and if the core's mass is sufficient, it forms a black hole.

3. The escape velocity of a black hole exceeds the speed of light.
   - This statement is correct. The escape velocity at the event horizon (the boundary of a black hole) is greater than the speed of light. This means that nothing, not even light, can escape from within the event horizon once it has crossed.

Based on the evaluation:

- Statement 1 is incorrect.
- Statement 2 is incorrect.
- Statement 3 is correct.

Therefore, the correct answer is:

Answer: A: Only one

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 20

The Noyyal River is a tributary of the 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 20

The Noyyal River is a small river in Western Tamil Nadu, and a tributary of Kaveri River. It rises from the Vellingiri hills in the Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu, very closer in proximity to Kerala border, and flows through many villages and the cities of Coimbatore, and Tirupur.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 21

Which of the following statements accurately describes GPS spoofing? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 21
  • Context: Israel reportedly used GPS jamming to confuse Iran’s missile targeting teams ahead of Iran’s direct attack on Israel.
  • GPS spoofing is a technique where fake GPS signals are broadcasted to deceive GPS receivers into believing that the spoofed location is the actual location. This can be used to mislead navigation systems, track someone’s location inaccurately, or even cause accidents by providing false navigation information. It is a malicious activity that undermines the integrity and reliability of GPS-based systems.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 22

Which of the following best describes the “Innovation Trap”? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 22
  • What is the Innovation trap?
    • It refers to a situation where organizations strive to innovate but inadvertently fall into patterns of thinking and behaviour that stifle genuine creativity and progress. This trap often arises when organizations prioritize conformity, rely too heavily on past successes, or resist challenging the status quo.
  • Explanation using example:
    • Kodak’s downfall can be attributed to its reluctance to embrace digital photography despite inventing the first digital camera in 1975. Instead of capitalizing on this innovation, Kodak continued to focus on its traditional film business, believing that digital photography was just a passing fad. This lack of foresight and innovation allowed competitors like Canon and Nikon to gain a foothold in the digital camera market.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 23

‘State of World Population 2024’ report is published by 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 23

State of World Population 2024 report

  • Released by the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA)
  • The report, titled “Interwoven Lives, Threads of Hope: Ending Inequalities in Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) and Rights,” highlights women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), encompassing freedom from torture, right to health, privacy, education, life, and discrimination prohibition.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 24

Which of the following statements best describes Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF)? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 24
  • Context: Private investment in India, measured by Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) as a percentage of GDP, has seen a decline since 2011-12. Despite government efforts like corporate tax cuts, private investment hasn’t picked up.
  • What is GFCF?
    • Gross Fixed Capital Formation, measures the growth in fixed capital in an economy, including assets like buildings and machinery. It serves as an indicator of private sector investment willingness and includes government investment. GFCF is important because fixed capital boosts economic growth by increasing productivity and living standards. Developed economies tend to have more fixed capital per capita compared to developing ones.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 25

Consider the following statements:

  1. The World Craft City (WCC) initiative was launched in 2014 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
  2. Recently, UNESCO has identified Srinagar as a potential candidate for the prestigious World Craft City (WCC) designation from India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: April 15th to 21st, 2024 - Question 25
  • Context: Srinagar is being considered for the prestigious World Craft City (WCC) title by the World Crafts Council International (WCCI).
  • About WCC:
    • The World Craft City (WCC) initiative was launched in 2014 by the World Crafts Council International (WCCI), a Kuwait-based organization. It acknowledges the contributions of local authorities, craftspeople, and communities to cultural, economic, and social development worldwide. WCC aims to establish a network of craft cities globally, promoting the principles of the creative economy and preserving traditional crafts.
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