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Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - UPSC MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Famous Books for UPSC Exam (Summary & Tests) - Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 for UPSC 2024 is part of Famous Books for UPSC Exam (Summary & Tests) preparation. The Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 below.
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Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 1

Statement 1: The Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification 2020 is introduced under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
Statement 2: The key provisions of the 2020 EIA Notification include the reduction of the public hearing period from 30 to 20 days.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 1

Both statements correctly describe aspects of the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Notification 2020. It was introduced under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, and one of its key provisions is indeed the reduction of the public hearing period from 30 to 20 days.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 2

The components of EIA include the assessment of damage to terrestrial flora and fauna, the land environment, and socio-economic and health environment.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 2

The statement is true. The components of EIA do include assessments of damage to terrestrial flora and fauna, land environment, and socio-economic and health impacts.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 3

Statement 1: The EIA process in India includes screening, scoping, public hearing, and appraisal.
Statement 2: Category A projects do not undergo the screening process.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 3

Both statements are accurate. The EIA process includes the stages of screening, scoping, public hearing, and appraisal, and Category A projects are indeed appraised at the national level and do not undergo the screening process.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 4

Statement 1: The public hearing is a mandatory stage in the EIA process.
Statement 2: During the public hearing, only local residents are allowed to give suggestions.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 4

Statement 1 is true as the public hearing is a mandatory stage in the EIA process. Statement 2 is false; not only local residents but also local associations, environmental groups, and others affected by the project can participate in the public hearing.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 5

Risk assessment in EIA includes identifying hazards, conducting Maximum Credible Accident (MCA) analysis, and developing onsite and offsite disaster management plans.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 5

The statement is true. Risk assessment in EIA encompasses identifying hazards, conducting MCA analysis, and developing comprehensive disaster management plans.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 6

PARIVESH is a unified environmental management system that provides a single-window platform for various clearances, including Environment, Forest, Wildlife, and CRZ.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 6

The statement is true. PARIVESH is indeed a unified environmental management system offering a single-window interface for multiple environmental clearances.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 7

One of the recommendations for improving the EIA process in India is the establishment of an autonomous EIA Authority.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 7

The statement is true. Among the recommendations for enhancing the EIA process in India is the proposal to establish an autonomous EIA Authority.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 8

Statement 1: EMP is crucial for monitoring clearance conditions.
Statement 2: EMP includes delineation of mitigation and compensation measures for all identified significant impacts.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 8

Both statements accurately describe aspects of the Environmental Management Plan (EMP). It is essential for monitoring clearance conditions and does include the delineation of mitigation and compensation measures.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 9

Statement 1: ESP allows violator companies to continue their activities by paying a financial penalty.
Statement 2: ESP is criticized for potentially allowing violators to circumvent the EIA process.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 9

Both statements are correct. The ESP allows violator companies to continue their activities by paying a penalty and has been criticized for potentially enabling violators to bypass the EIA process.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 10

The composition of the NGT needs to be changed to include more judicial experts from the field of the environment.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 10

The statement is true. One of the recommendations is to change the composition of the NGT to include more judicial experts specialized in environmental issues.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 11

The Environment (Protection) Act of 1986 was enacted by the Government of India to address environmental concerns comprehensively.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 11

The statement is true. The Environment (Protection) Act of 1986 was indeed enacted by the Government of India to address environmental concerns in a comprehensive manner.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 12

The Notification on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of developmental projects was introduced in 1994 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 12

The statement is true. The EIA Notification for developmental projects was introduced in 1994 under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 13

In the EIA process, baseline data characterizes the existing status of the identified study area.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 13

The statement is true. Baseline data is essential in the EIA process as it characterizes the existing environmental status of the study area.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 14

The impact on breeding and nesting grounds is a critical factor considered in the EIA process.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 14

The statement is true. The impact on breeding and nesting grounds is indeed a crucial factor assessed during the EIA process.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 15

Screening in the EIA cycle determines whether a project requires environmental clearance based on investment scale, type, and location of development.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 15

The statement is true. The screening process in the EIA cycle involves determining the need for environmental clearance based on factors such as the scale of investment, type, and location of the development.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 16

One of the salient features of the 2006 Amendment is the decentralization of environmental clearance into Category A and Category B projects.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 16

The statement is true. The 2006 Amendment to the EIA process introduced the decentralization of environmental clearances into Category A and Category B projects.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 17

The decision-making process in EIA involves consultation between the project proponent and the impact assessment authority.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 17

The statement is true. The decision-making process in EIA involves a collaborative consultation between the project proponent and the impact assessment authority.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 18

One of the drawbacks of the Indian EIA system is the lack of comprehensive ecological and socio-economic indicators for impact assessment.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 18

The statement is true. A recognized drawback of the Indian EIA system is the lack of exhaustive ecological and socio-economic indicators for a comprehensive impact assessment.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 19

Many EIA reports are criticized for being based on single-season data, which is often inadequate for comprehensive environmental impact analysis.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 19

The statement is true. There has been criticism that many EIA reports are based on single-season data, which may not be adequate for a thorough environmental impact analysis.

Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 20

Tiger reserves, elephant reserves, and turtle nesting grounds are examples of environmentally sensitive places.

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: Environmental Impact Assessment- 2 - Question 20

The statement is true. Tiger reserves, elephant reserves, and turtle nesting grounds are indeed listed among environmentally sensitive places.

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