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Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - UPSC MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Famous Books for UPSC Exam (Summary & Tests) - Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention

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Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 1

What was the primary objective of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 1

The UNCED, also known as the Rio Summit or Earth Summit, aimed to address various environmental issues, including the production of toxic components, alternative sources of energy, public transportation systems, and the growing scarcity of water.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 2

Which convention focuses on the conservation of wetlands?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 2

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an international treaty aimed at the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands, recognizing their ecological, cultural, and economic importance.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 3

Which international organization monitors the trade of endangered species of fauna and flora?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 3

TRAFFIC is an international organization that monitors the trade in endangered species of fauna and flora, working to ensure that such trade does not threaten the conservation of these species.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 4

Which convention aims to regulate the international trade of hazardous chemicals?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 4

The Rotterdam Convention is an international treaty that aims to regulate the international trade of hazardous chemicals by promoting shared responsibility and cooperation among countries. It seeks to protect human health and the environment from the harmful effects of such chemicals.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 5

Which organization is responsible for the conservation of whales and the management of whaling activities?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 5

The International Whaling Commission (IWC) is an international body that regulates the conservation of whales and the management of whaling activities. It works to ensure the proper management of whale stocks and the development of measures to conserve whale populations.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 6

What are the two main themes discussed during the Rio 20 conference in 2012?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 6

The Rio 20 conference focused on two main themes which include building a green economy for sustainable development and poverty alleviation, and improving international coordination for sustainable development.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 7

What are the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 7

The objectives of the CBD include the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 8

Which protocol establishes procedures for regulating the import and export of LMOs from one country to another?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 8

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity establishes procedures for regulating the import and export of LMOs from one country to another.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 9

What was the main aim of the Biodiversity Target adopted in May 2002?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 9

The Biodiversity Target aimed to achieve a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss by 2010 at the global, regional, and national levels, as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on earth.
 

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 10

Which Strategic Goal of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 aims to enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 10

Strategic Goal D of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 aims to enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 11

Which of the following was one of the main outcomes of the CoP 11 Hyderabad?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 11

The commitment of the Parties to double international financial flows for Bio Diversity by 2015. This will result in additional financial flows to the developing countries to the tune of about US $30 billion in the next 8 years.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 12

Which of the following is NOT one of the three pillars of the Ramsar Convention?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 12

Promote the use of wetlands for industrial purposes. The Ramsar Convention focuses on the conservation and wise use of wetlands, as well as international cooperation for the protection of these essential ecosystems.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 13

Which of the following is NOT a category of the 12 initial Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) recognized under the Stockholm Convention?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 13

Radioactive substances. The Stockholm Convention initially recognized 12 POPs that cause adverse effects on humans and the ecosystem, categorized as pesticides, industrial chemicals, and by-products.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 14

What is the main objective of the Basel Convention?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 14

To protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects of hazardous wastes. The Basel Convention aims to reduce hazardous waste generation and promote environmentally sound management of these wastes.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 15

The Montreal Protocol was designed to:

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 15

Reduce the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances. The Montreal Protocol aims to reduce the abundance of these substances in the atmosphere, thereby protecting the Earth's fragile ozone layer.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 16

Which of the following is NOT a goal of the Global Tiger Initiative?

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 16

Promote the use of tiger parts in traditional medicine and other products. The Global Tiger Initiative aims to conserve wild tigers, reduce the demand for their parts, and support local communities in protecting these endangered animals.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 17

The Vienna Convention acts as a framework for:

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 17

The international efforts to protect the ozone layer. The Vienna Convention does not include legally binding reduction goals for the use of CFCs but provides a framework for international cooperation in protecting the ozone layer.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 18

The UNCCD is the sole legally binding international agreement linking:

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 18

Environment and development to sustainable land management. The UNCCD focuses on desertification, land degradation, and drought (DLDD) and promotes sustainable land management as a solution to global challenges.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 19

The International Whaling Commission is responsible for:

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 19

Conserving whales and managing whaling. The International Whaling Commission is the global intergovernmental body charged with the conservation of whales and the management of whaling.

Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 20

The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) program aims to recognize:

Detailed Solution for Shankar IAS Test: International Environmental Convention - Question 20

Remarkable land use systems and landscapes rich in globally significant biological diversity. The GIAHS program recognizes areas where communities have co-adapted with their environment and are working towards sustainable development.

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