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Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - UPSC MCQ


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30 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Based Tests for UPSC & State PSC Exams - Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1

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Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 1

Which of the following National Highway connects the four metro cities of India (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai)?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 1
  • Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) stretch which connects the four metro cities of India (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai). One of the achievements of the Indian government is the 5846-km Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) highway.

  • It is designated as one of the longest highways in the world.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 2

Match the following:

Set I

a. Rail Wheel Factory

b. Rail Coach Factory

c. Integral Coach Factory

d. Diesel Loco modernisation works

Set II

1. Patiala

2. Chennai

3. Kapurthala

4. Bengaluru

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 2

The correct match is given below: Railwheel Factory- Bengaluru Rail Coach Factory- Kapurthala Integral Coach Factory- Chennai Diesel Loco modernisation works- Patiala.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 3

Which railway line runs along the Indian west coast parallel to Arabian Sea and Western Ghats?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 3
The Konkan Railways passes through 3 states of India – Goa, Maharashtra and Karnataka. It runs along the Indian west coast parallel to Arabian Sea and Western Ghats. It is an extremely beautiful and scenic route running from Maharashtra to Karnataka.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 4

What is the world ranking of Indian Railway network?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 4

Indian Railways is the 4th largest railway network in the world preceded by US (250, 000Km), China (100000Km), Russia (85000Km).

Indian Railways has its total track length of around (65000Km). Indian Railways is the only network in the world which is driven by a single body i.e. Ministry of Railways.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 5

Consider the following statements regarding the impact of Economic liberalisation industrialisation in India:

1. The process of industrialization in India can be divided into two parts – before and after 1992.

2. In August 1992, Government of India took a bold step by changing its economic policies from state control to market forces.

3. The immediate cause of these changes in economic policy was to tide over balance of payment crises but having wide social, economic, political and geographical implications.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 5
  • The process of industrialization in India can be divided into two parts – before and after 1992.

  • During the first forty years after independence the Indian economy had diversified and expanded very fast. But this growth was characterized by rigid controls and regulations. In August 1992, Government of India took a bold step by changing its economic policies from state control to market forces.

  • A need was felt to give more responsibility to private capital and enterprise, both domestic as well as foreign. In response to this, the new industrial policy of liberalization, privatisation and globalization was adopted in August 1992.

  • The immediate cause of these changes in economic policy was to tide over balance of payment crises but having wide social, economic, political and geographical implications.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 6

Consider the following statements regarding the iron and steel industry in India:

1. Indian Petro-Chemical Corporation has set up a huge petro-chemical complex near vadodara producing a wide range of products.

2. India is self-sufficient in the production of petro-chemicals.

3. The only private oil refineries belonging to Reliance Industries Ltd. is located at Jamnagar (Gujarat).

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 6
  • Petro-chemicals industry is one of the fastest growing industries of India. This industry has revolutionised the industrial scene by providing the products which are substituting the traditional raw materials like wood, glass and metals.

  • Its products meet various needs of the people at the low cost. Petrochemicals are derived from petroleum or natural gas.

  • We use a variety of products from morning till evening made from petrochemicals Toothbrushes, toothpaste, combs, hairpins, soap cases, plastic mugs, garments, radiocaes, ball point pens, detergents, electric switches, lipstick, insecticides, bags, bed covers, and foam are some of the goods made from petro-chemicals.

  • Indian Petro-Chemical Corporation has set up a huge petro-chemical complex near vadodara producing a wide range of products. Besides Vadodara, Gandhar, and Hazira in Gujarat and Nagathone in Maharashtra are other important centres of the petro-chemical industry.

  • India is self-sufficient in the production of petro-chemicals. Crude oil has no value unless it is refined, while refining crude oil; thousands of products like kerosene, diesel, lubricants and raw material for the petro-chemical industry are derived.

  • India has at present 18 refineries. Industries can be classified into different categories on the basis, such as sources of raw material, ownership, functions, size of industry and weight of raw material and finished products. Since India is still an agricultural country, it has developed various agro-based industries such as cotton textile, woolen textile, jute textile and sugar industry. So, an UPSC IAS aspirant must have such understanding of industrial development.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 7

Arrange the following National Parks from West to East:

1. Velvadar

2. Gir

3. Navegaon

4. Betla

5. Sirohi

Choose the correct option:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 7
Self-explanatory

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 8

Consider the following statements regarding the distribution of cotton textile industry in India:

1. These mills are located in more than 88 centres in different parts of the country.

2. Majority of cotton textile mills are still located in the cotton growing areas of the Great Plains and peninsular India.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 8
  • Cotton textile industry is one of the most widely distributed industries in our country. These mills are located in more than 88 centres in different parts of the country But majority of cotton textile mills are still located in the cotton growing areas of the Great Plains and peninsular India.

  • Maharashtra is the leading producer of cotton textile in the country. Mumbai is the major centre of textile mills. About a half of the Cotton textile mills are located in Mumbai alone. It is, therefore, rightly called the ‘Cottonopolis’ of India. Sholapur, Kolhapur, Nagpur, Pune, Aurangabad and Jalgaon are other important centres in Maharashtra.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 9

Which of the following railways is not recognised by UNESCO World heritage Site?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 9
  • There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites on IR viz. the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain railways of India. Mountain railways of India is not contiguous, but consists of three separate railway lines located in different parts of the country viz. the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway; the Nilgiri Mountain Railway; and the Kalka-Shimla Railway.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 10

India's first Post Office set up in which place?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 10
The first post office in India was established by British East India Company in Bombay in 1764. Postage stamps were first used in India in 1852 in the district of scinde (also known as scinde dawk).

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 11

1. Consider the following statements regarding distribution of mineral and energy resources in India:

1. Coal deposits are mostly associated with the Gondwana system.

2. Dharwad and Cuddapah systems contain resources of major metallic minerals like copper, lead, zinc etc.

3. Major non-metallic minerals like limestone, dolomite, gypsum, calcium, sulphate etc are found in an upper Vindhyan system.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 11
  • The distribution of mineral and energy resources is uneven. It’s because occurrence of mineral resources are associated with certain types of geological formation.

  • Coal deposits are mostly associated with Gondwana system, Dharwad and Cuddapah systems contain resources of major metallic minerals like copper, lead, zinc etc and major non-metallic minerals like limestone, dolomite, gypsum, calcium, sulphate etc are found in Cuddapah and upper Vindhyan system.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 12

With reference to the coal reserves in India which of the following statements is incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 12
  • Coal is used as raw material in chemical and fertiliser industries and in the production of thousands of items of daily use. Coals are mainly found in the Gondwana and Tertiary coal field. The states of Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa are the leading producers of coal.

  • The bulk of lignite reserves are found in and around Neyveli in Tamil Nadu.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 13

Consider the following statements regarding distribution of coal fields in India:

1. Coal in India occurs in two important types of coal fields which are Gondwana coal fields and Tertiary coal fields.

2. Out of the total coal reserves and production in India, Gondwana coal fields contribute 98% and the rest 2% is produced by tertiary coal fields.

3. The Gondwana coalfields are located in the sedimentary rock systems of lower Gondwana Age.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 13
  • Coal in India occurs in two important types of coal fields. They are the Gondwana coal fields and Tertiary coal fields. Out of the total coal reserves and production in India, Gondwana coal fields contribute 98% and the rest 2% is produced by tertiary coal fields.

  • The Gondwana coalfields are located in the sedimentary rock systems of lower Gondwana Age.

  • They are distributed chiefly in the river valleys of the Damodar (Jharkhand - West Bengal); the Son (Madhya Pradesh–Chhattisgarh); the Mahanadi (Orissa), the Godavari (Andhra Pradesh) and the Wardha (Maharashtra).

  • Tertiary coalfields occur in the extra-peninsular areas which include Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Sikkim. Besides lignite or brown coal are found in coastal areas of Tamil Nadu, Gujarat and in land basins of Rajasthan.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 14

Which one of the following minerals is formed by decomposition of rocks, leaving a residual mass of weathered material?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 14
Bauxite is a mineral which is formed by decomposition of rocks, leaving a residual mass of weathered material. A naturally occurring homogeneous substance that has a definable internal structure is called a mineral. Minerals usually occur in various forms i.e. the various kinds of atmospheric conditions that play an important role in the formation of minerals.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 15

Which one of the following is a ferrous metal?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 15
  • A metal with the descriptor “ferrous” means that it has iron in its composition. When the term ferrous metal is used, it also usually implies that iron is a large percentage of the elemental composition.

  • If it’s not the most abundant element, it would probably be the second or third most prolific. If a metal only contains trace amounts of iron, as many metals do, then that small amount is not considered enough to declare the metal ferrous. The following are some examples of ferrous metals: 1. Carbon Steel 2. Stainless Steel 3. Cast Iron 4. Alloy Steel

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 16

Mica is used in electric and electronic industries because

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 16
  • Mica is a mineral name given to a group of minerals that are physically and chemically similar. They are all silicate minerals, known as sheet silicates because they form in distinct layers.

  • Micas are fairly light and relatively soft, and the sheets and flakes of mica are flexible. Mica is heat-resistant and does not conduct electricity.

  • There are 37 different mica minerals. The most common include: purple lepidolite, black biotite, brown phlogopite and clear muscovite.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 17

Consider the following statements regarding the mineral resource of India:

1. India possesses more than 100 minerals, out of which only 30 minerals have economic significance.

2. Reserves of petroleum and some non-ferrous metallic minerals are inadequate in India and in order to fulfil the internal demands for these minerals, the country is dependent on the imports from other countries.

3. After independence though export continues but also mineral production has picked up in consonance with the increasing industrial demands in the country.

Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 17
  • India is richly endowed with minerals. Our country possesses more than 100 minerals. Out of 100 minerals, there are 30 minerals which have economic significance.

  • Some of the examples are coal, iron ore, manganese, bauxite, mica etc. The situation is also satisfactory in feldspar, florides, limestones, dolomite and gypsum etc.

  • But the reserves of petroleum and some non-ferrous metallic minerals especially copper, lead, zinc, tin, graphite are inadequate. Non-ferrous minerals are those which do not contain iron.

  • Country fulfills internal demands for these minerals by importing them from other countries. India was least industrialised and most of the minerals were exported during British period. After independence though export continues but also mineral production has picked up in consonance with the increasing industrial demands in the country.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 18

The upper Brahmaputra valley is known for which of the following resources?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 18
Outside of these mineral belts, upper Brahmaputra valley is a significant petroleum producing area whereas Kerala possesses enormous concentration of heavy mineral sands. Outside these above mentioned areas minerals deposits are very poor, scattered and reserves are inconsistent.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 19

A tidal barrage is a barrier built over:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 19
A tidal barrage is a barrier built over a river estuary to make use of the kinetic energy in the moving water. Huge amounts of water move in and out of river mouths each day because of the tides. The barrage contains electricity generators.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 20

Which is the finest quality iron ore in terms of iron content?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 20
  • India is rich in good quality iron ores. Magnetite is the finest iron ore with a very high content of iron upto 70%. This iron ore is valuable for the electrical industry because of its excellent magnetic properties. Hematite ore is the most important industrial iron ore; in terms of usage. The iron content of hematite is 50-60%.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 21

What is the importance of rainwater harvesting?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 21
  • Rainwater harvesting is the storing of rainwater during the monsoon season for the purpose of using it during periods of water scarcity. Generally speaking, it is a process used for collecting and storing rainwater for human use.

  • Rainwater harvesting is best described as the technique by which rain water is accumulated and stored with the intention of reusing it during the dry season or when there is a drought.

  • With rapid climatic changes, increase in global temperature and population growth, there is a scarcity of potable water in many countries across the world.The gradual falling of water levels, are a cause of serious concern not only because it leads to shortage of usable water but also because in coastal areas it causes imbalance in salinity of the area.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 22

In which part or state of India people build diversion channels like ‘guls’ or ‘kuls’

Select correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 22
Kuls and Guls are channels built by people in the hilly areas-

1. They are made and used for the purpose of irrigation.

2. These are diversion channels.

3. They are mostly used in the state of Himachal Pradesh.

4. They serve a very important purpose and special care should be taken while construction and maintenance.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 23

How can we increase the water efficient irrigation system?

1. By pouring unnecessary water to the land

2. By not supplying adequate water

3. By applying drip irrigation method

4. By using more manures

Select correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 23
  • Drip irrigation is a method of controlled irrigation in which water is slowly delivered to the root system of multiple plants.

  • Drip irrigation increases the water efficient irrigation system and hence it is very helpful in water conservation.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 24

What are the two main types of drip irrigation?

a) Surface and Subsurface drip irrigation

b) Under and Subsurface drip irrigation

c) Top and Surface drip irrigation

d) Top and Under drip irrigation

Select correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 24
  • Drip irrigation is the practice of applying small amounts of water and fertilizer uniformly across a specific area. The water and fertilizer are delivered directly to the crop root zone, eliminating runoff, evaporation, and drift.

  • A properly designed and managed drip irrigation system gives producers the best uniformity and application efficiency available, consequently saving them time, energy, and water, all while maximizing yields.

  • There are two main types of drip irrigation systems – surface and sub-surface. A surface drip irrigation system uses close emitter spacing (12”-18”) and a thin wall (8-10 mil) dripline injected 1” to 6” below the surface. These systems are often referred to as “temporary” because the dripline is retrieved and recycled yearly. The sub mains can be permanent or temporary. These systems are typically used on high value crops due to the yearly expense of new dripline and the labor for installation.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 25

The total volume of the world’s water is estimated to exist as ocean:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 25
The percentage of the total volume of the world's water is estimated to exist as oceans is 96.5%.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 26

On which river has Nagarjuna Sagar Dam been constructed?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 26
  • Nagarjuna Sagar Dam was built on River Krishna. The construction commenced in 1955 and took 12 years for its completion.

  • This place is at a distance of about 160 Kms from Hyderabad. Nagarjuna Sagar is located in Nalgonda district of Telangana, and one of the most prominent Buddhist centres in India.

  • This is one of the most popular tourist places to visit near Hyderabad and one of the best weekend getaways from Hyderabad city.

  • The Nagarjuna Sagar dam is 490 feet tall from its foundation and 1.6 kms long with 26 flood gates which are 42 feet distance apart. The dam provides irrigation water to mainly Guntur, Krishna, Khammam, and Nalgonda districts along with hydro electricity generation.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 27

The rank of India in terms of water availability per person p.a in the world is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 27
The per capita water availability in the country is reducing due to the increase in population. According to the 2011 census, the average annual per capita availability of water in the country is 1545 cubic meters.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 28

Narmada Bachao Andolan is related to:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 28
  • Narmada Bachao Andolan is the most powerful mass movement, started in 1985, against the construction of a huge dam on the Narmada river.

  • Narmada is India's largest west flowing river, which supports a large variety of people with distinguished culture and tradition ranging from the indigenous (tribal) people inhabited in the jungles here to the large number of rural population. The proposed Sardar Sarovar Dam and Narmada Sagar will displace more than 250,000 people.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 29

The following is the only state where roof top rain water harvesting is made compulsory:

(a) Bihar

(b) Assam

(c) Tamilnadu

(d) Maharashtra

Select correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 29
Tamil Nadu is the correct answer.

Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 30

Which one of the following is the benefit of rainwater harvesting?

(a) Flood Mitigation

(b) Provide a lot of water to play

(c) Create good aesthetic view

(d) Decrease the ground water level

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 10 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 30
  • Rainwater harvesting helps for flood mitigation. Appropriate designed recharges in open public spaces will help to keep the roads from flooding.

  • When water is not allowed to leave the premises there is less chance for choking up of the roads.

  • The following are 5 advantages of harvesting rainwater.

  • 1.Reduces Flooding and Erosion Harvesting rainwater can help the environment in a number of ways.

  • 2. Reduces Water Bills Rainwater harvesting will not only help individuals save on their water bills but can cut costs for entire communities.

  • 3. Reduced Demand on Ground Water Sources of groundwater are increasingly being strained in many areas throughout the world.

  • 4. Can Be Used for Non-drinking Purposes The majority of the water we need is used for non drinking. Everything from washing clothes and dishes to bathing and flushing toilets require large amounts of water.

  • 5. Can Improve Plant Growth Rainwater harvesting can also be used to improve plants and gardens. Using harvested water can flush the salt buildup from plants and soil. Harvested rainwater is generally free from several types of pollutants and man-made contaminants. Rain is also free from chlorination.

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