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Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - UPSC MCQ


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30 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Based Tests for UPSC & State PSC Exams - Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 for UPSC 2024 is part of NCERT Based Tests for UPSC & State PSC Exams preparation. The Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 below.
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Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 1

Consider the following statements:

1. During the earthquake, the greatest damage is usually closest to the epicentre.

2. The strength of the earthquake increases away from the epicentre.

3.Some common earthquake predictions include studying animal behavior, fish in the pond get agitated and snakes come to the surface.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 1
  • The strength of the earthquake decreases away from the epicenter. Although earthquakes can not be predicted, the impact can certainly be minimized if it is prepared before-hand.

  • Some common earthquake prediction methods like- studying animal behaviour, fish in the pond get agitated and snakes come to the surface are adopted by people.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 2

Which of the following are the characteristic of the bird Toucans:

1. Brilliantly coloured plumage

2. Oversized bills

3. Make a loud sound

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 2
Birds such as Toucans, Hummingbirds and Bird of Paradise have the following characteristics: 1. Brilliantly coloured plumage, 2. Oversized bills for eating 3. Make loud sounds in the forest These birds can be easily seen in the Amazon forest.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 3

Consider the following statements?

1. Tsunamis are rarer in the Indian Ocean than the pacific ocean

2. The first indication that a tsunami is approaching is the rapid withdrawal of water from the coastal region.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 3
  • Tsunami is a Japanese word that means “harbour waves” as the harbours get destroyed whenever there is a tsunami.

  • An earthquake /volcanic eruption or underwater landslides can shift large amounts of ocean water.

  • As a result, a huge tidal wave called tsunami, that may be as high as 15 mtr is formed.

  • Tsunamis are rare in the Indian ocean as the seismic activity is less as compared to the Pacific ocean.

  • The tsunami that ravaged the South and Southeast Asian coasts in December 2004, is the most devastating tsunami in the last several hundred years.

  • The Indira Point in Andaman and Nicobar islands got submerged after the tsunami.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 4

Consider the following statements:

1. Erosion is the breaking up of the rocks on the earth's surface.

2. Weathering is the wearing away of the landscape by different agents like wind, water etc.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 4
  • Two processes: Weathering and Erosion are continuously wearing away the landscape.

  • Weathering is the breaking up of the rocks on the earth's surface. Erosion is the wearing away of the landscape by different agents like wind, water etc. The eroded material is carried away and transported by wind, water etc. and eventually deposited. These processes of erosion and deposition create different landforms on the surface.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 5

Consider the following statements:

1. People of the Amazon basin practice slash and burn agriculture.

2. Their staple food is manioc.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 5
  • Slash and burn away of cultivation of land where farmers clear a piece of land by cutting or slashing down trees and bushes.

  • These are then burnt, which release the nutrient into the soil. And crops are grown in this cleared field for a few years.

  • After repeatedly using the patch of land, the soil loses its nutrients. So it is abandoned. Their staple food is manioc, also known as cassava that grows under the ground like the potato.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 6

Consider the following statements:

1. The warm ocean currents originate near the equator and move towards the pole.

2. The cold currents carry water from higher latitudes to lower latitudes.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 6
Generally the warm currents originate near the equator and move towards the poles. The cold currents carry water from the higher latitudes (polar) to lower latitudes (tropical). The Labrador ocean current is cold current and the Gulf Stream is a warm current.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 7

Which of the following features are made by the river in a flood plain?

1.Ox-bow lake

2. Meander

3. Levees

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 7
  • As the river enters the plain, it twists and forms large bends known as meanders.

  • Due to continuous erosion and deposition along the sides of meanders, the meander loops' ends come closer and closer.

  • Due to time, the loop cut off from the river and formed a cut-off lake called an ox-bow lake. The raised banks in the floodplain are called levees.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 8

Consider the following statement:

1. The Ganga-Brahmaputra basin is formed by the tributaries of rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra.

2. The summers are hot and winters are cool in this basin.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 8
The tributaries of the rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra together form the Ganga-Brahmaputra basin in the Indian subcontinent. The basin lies in the subtropical region that is situated between 10 N 30 N latitudes. The area is dominated by the monsoon climate. The summers are hot and winters cool.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 9

Which of the following currents are the warm currents?

1. California Current

2. North Pacific Drift

3. Caribbean Current

4. Gulf Stream

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 9
  • Following are the warm currents: 1. North Pacific drift 2. Caribbean Current 3. Gulf Stream 4. Brazilian Current 5. Agulhas Current

  • Following are the cold currents: 1. Californian Current 2. Humboldt Current 3. Falkland Current 4. Canary Current 5. Benguela Current

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 10

Consider the following statements:

1. Mushroom rocks are formed by the erosion of the rocks by the winds.

2. dunes are created by deposition of sands by the running water.

3. When wonderful and light grains of sand are deposited in large areas, it is called loess.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 10
  • Wind erodes the lower section of the rock more than the upper section. Therefore such rock has a narrower base and wide top and thus it is called Mushroom Rock.

  • When the wind blows, it lifts and transports sand from one place to another. When it stops blowing, the sand falls and gets deposited in the form of a low hill-like structure called dunes.

  • When the sand particles are wonderful and light, the wind can carry it over long distances and deposit in large areas; it is called loess. Large deposits of loess are found in China.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 11

River Brahmaputra is known by different names in different places. Which of the following pairs is/are correctly matched?

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 11
The river Brahmaputra originates in the Angsi glacier located in Tibet and known by different names in different places as follows: 1. The Brahmaputra in India 2. Jamuna in Bangladesh 3. Tsangpo in Tibet It is also known as Meghna before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 12

Consider the following statements:

1. Forests grow where temperature and rainfall are plentiful to support a tree cover.

2. Grasslands grow in the region of moderate rain.

3. Thorny shrubs and scrubs grow in the dry region.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 12
  • Natural vegetation is generally classified into three broad categories as follows: 1. Forests grow where temperature and rainfall are plentiful to support a tree cover. 2. Grasslands grow in the region of moderate rain. 3. Thorny shrubs and scrubs grow in the dry region.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 13

What is the correct sequence of occurrence of gases in the atmosphere?

1. Nitrogen

2. Oxygen

3. Argon

4. Carbon Dioxide

5. Ozon

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 13
Composition of atmospheres is given as 1. Nitrogen : 78% 2. Oxygen : 21% 3. Argon : 0.93% 4. Carbon Dioxide : 0.03% 5. All o th ers : 0.04% (Helium, Ozone, Hydrogen and dust particles)

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 14

Consider the following statements:
1. In West Bengal and Assam tea is grown in plantations.
2. Silk is produced in parts of Bihar and Assam.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 14

In West Bengal and Assam tea is grown in plantations. Tea gardens in these areas are very famous for their natural beauty. Silk is produced through the cultivation of the silkworm in parts of Bihar and Assam. The banana plantation is also seen in some areas of the plain of the Ganga -Brahmaputra basin.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 15

Consider the following statements:

1. Both deciduous and evergreen forests are found in the tropic zones.

2. The tropical evergreen forest in Brazil is known as the lungs of the earth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 15
  • Tropical evergreen forests occur in the regions near the equator and close to the tropics. Tropical deciduous is the monsoon forests found in the large part of India, northern Australia and in Central America.

  • The tropical evergreen forest in Brazil is so enormous that it is like the lungs of the earth. Anaconda, one of the world's largest snakes is found in the tropical rainforest.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 16

Consider the following statements:

1.Green plants produce oxygen and nitrogen during photosynthesis.

2.Oxygen content in the air remains constant.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 16
  • Oxygen is the second most plentiful gas in the atmosphere. Living beings take oxygen from the air as they breathe.

  • Green plants produce oxygen during photosynthesis. In this way, oxygen content in the air remains constant.

  • If we cut trees, then this balance gets disturbed. When we inhale, we take some amount of nitrogen into their lungs and exhale it. But plants need nitrogen for their survival and do not produce it during photosynthesis.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 17

In which of the following countries the river Ganga does NOT flow?

1. India

2. Bangladesh

3. Tibet

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 17
The river Ganga originates in the eastern Himalayas in the Indian state Uttarakhand and flows through the Gangetic plain of northern India into Bangladesh where it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is known as the Padma in Bangladesh.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 18

Consider the following statements:

1. Temperate evergreen forests are commonly found along the eastern margin of the continents.

2. They comprise both hard and softwood trees.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 18
  • The temperate evergreen forests are located in the mid -latitudinal coastal region They are commonly found along the eastern margin of the continents i.e. South East USA South China South-East Brazil They comprise both hard and softwood trees like oak, pine eucalyptus etc.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 19

Which of the following is/are not the layer/s of atmosphere?

1. Troposphere

2. Stratosphere

3. Mesosphere

4. Thermosphere

5. Exosphere

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 19
  • Our atmosphere divided into five layers starting from the earth surface. These are

  • 1. Troposphere: Most important layer, 15 km

  • 2. Stratosphere: 50 km

  • 3. Mesosphere: 80 km

  • 4. Thermosphere: 400 km

  • 5. Exosphere: Uppermost layer

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 20

Consider the following statements:

1. The susu is a variety of crocodile found in the rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra.

2. The presence of susu is an indication of the health of the river.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 20
  • In the fresh waters of the river Ganga and Brahmaputra, a variety of dolphin locally called susu is found . Susu is called blind dolphin.

  • The presence of susu is an indication of the health of the river. The untreated industrial and urban wastes with high amounts of chemicals are killing this species.

 

 

 

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 21

Consider the following statements:

1. Mediterranean regions are known as 'orchards of the world'.

2. Citric fruits are commonly cultivated here.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 21
  • Mediterranean regions are known as 'orchards of the world' for their fruit cultivation. Citric fruits are commonly cultivated here.

  • These are as follows 1.Oranges 2.Figs 3.Olives 4.Grapes Mediterranean trees adapt themselves to dry summers with the help of their barks and wax-coated leaves which help them reduce transpiration. There is not much wildlife here.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 22

Consider the following statements:

1. Meteorites burn up in the thermosphere on entering from space.

2. In the thermosphere temperature rises very rapidly with decreasing height.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 22
Meteorites burn up in the mesosphere on entering from space. It lies above the stratosphere. In the thermosphere, the temperature rises very rapidly with increasing height. This layer helps in radio transmission. In fact, radio waves transmitted from the earth are reflected to the earth by this layer.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 23

Which of the following cities are located along the river Ganga?

1. Kanpur

2. Patna

3. Kolkata

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 23
Main cities located along the river Ganga are as follows: 1. Kanpur 2. Allahabad 3. Varanasi 4. Patna 5. Kolkata The wastewater from these towns and industries is discharged directly into the river. This leads to the pollution of the Ganga.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 24

Consider the following statements:

1. In the higher latitudes of the southern hemisphere the coniferous forests are found.

2. Taiga forests are the coniferous forests.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 24
In the higher latitudes (50-70 degree] of the northern hemisphere the coniferous forests are found. Taiga means pure or untouched in the Russian language. Taiga forests are the coniferous forests. They are tall, soft and evergreen trees.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 25

Consider the following statements:

1. Climate can change dramatically from day to day in a short period.

2. The average climatic condition of a place for a long time is known as the place's weather.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 25
Weather can change dramatically from day to day in a short period. So, the weather is hour-to-hour, day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere. While the average weather condition of a place for a longer period of time represents the climate of the place.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 26

Consider the following components:

1. Natural components

2. Humans made components

3. Human

Which is/are the component/s of the environment?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 26
  • The place, people, things and nature that surround any living organism are components of the environment. It is a combination of natural and human-made phenomena.

  • Natural phenomena: land, air, water and living beings Human-made phenomena: Building, parks, monuments etc. Human: Individual, family community, religion, education etc.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 27

Consider the following statements:

1.Lithosphere is not a component of the environment.

2.It is the hard top layer of the crust of the earth made up of rocks and minerals.

3.It is also a source of mineral wealth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 27
  • The lithosphere is one of the components of environment Others are hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere.

  • It is an irregular surface with various landforms such as mountains, plateaus, valleys, plains etc.

  • The domain provides us forests, grasslands for grazing, and land for agriculture and human settlements.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 28

Consider the following statements:

1. The centrifugal force of the earth holds the atmosphere around it.

2. The changes in the atmosphere produce changes in the hydrosphere and lithosphere.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 28
The gravitational force of the earth holds the atmosphere around it. The changes in the atmosphere produce changes in the weather and climate.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 29

Consider the following pairs:

1. Thermometer: Temperature

2. Rain Gauge: Amount of rainfall

3. Barometer: Speed of wind

4. WindVane: Direction of wind

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 29

The correct matching of the given pairs are following:

1. Thermometer : Temperature

2. Rain Gauge : Amount of rainfall

3. Barometer : Atmospheric Pressure

4. WindVane : Direction of wind Anemometer is the device used to measure the speed of the winds.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 30

Consider the following statements:

1. The pressure exerted by the weight of the air on the earth's surface is known as air pressure.

2. Air presses our body from all directions and our body exerts a counter pressure.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 4 - Question 30

The pressure exerted by the weight of the air on the earth's surface is known as air pressure. On the moon, there is no air and hence no air pressure.

  • Astronauts have to wear special protective space suits filled with air when they go to the moon. Air presses our body from all directions and our body exerts a counter pressure.

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