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Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - UPSC MCQ


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30 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Based Tests for UPSC & State PSC Exams - Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1

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Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 1

A landmass bounded by the sea on three sides is referred to as:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 1
  • A peninsula is a land almost surrounded by water but is connected to the mainland on one side.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 2

Which of the following defines the northern frontiers of India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 2
  • The great Himalayas are also called Higher Himalayas or Great Himalaya Range, highest and Northernmost section of the Himalayan mountain ranges.

  • It extends southeastward across northern Pakistan, northern India, and Nepal before trending eastward across Sikkim state (India) and Bhutan and finally turning northeastward across northern Arunachal Pradesh state (India); throughout nearly all of its length, it adjoins to the north the southern Tibet Autonomous Region of China.

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Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 3

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Northern Mountains

I. A great arc of mountains, consisting of Nepal, Hindu Kush, and Patkai ranges define the northern Indian subcontinent.

II. The mountains in these ranges include some of the world's tallest mountains which act as a natural barrier to cold polar winds.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 3
  • The north and north-eastern India comprises the Himalayas that separates India from the Tibetan plateau and the other Hindu Kush and Patkai at the north-eastern border with Burma.

  • These ranges include the world's tallest mountains that impact the climatic conditions of India. Some of the major Indian rivers originate from these ranges and flow through the plains, joining the ocean.

  • The Satpura and the Aravallis are also important mountain ranges running across parts of central and northern India. It is the world's highest mountain range bordering India at northeast that holds the tallest peak known as Mount Everest.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 4

Considering the following statement(s) is/are related to Vindhya range

I. Geographically, it separates Northern India from Southern India.

II. The western end of the range lies in eastern Gujarat, near its border with Madhya Pradesh, and runs east and north, almost meeting the Ganges at Mirzapur

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 4
  • The Gujarat state on the west extends about 675 miles (1,086 km) across Madhya Pradesh state to abut on the Ganges (Ganga) River valley near Varanasi Uttar Pradesh.

  • The mountains form the southern edge of the Malwa Plateau. They then divide into two branches: the Kaimur Range, running north of the Son River into western Bihar state, and the southern branch, running between the upper reaches of the Son and Narmada rivers to meet the Satpura Range in the Maikala Range (or Amarkantak Plateau).

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 5

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Deccan Plateau

I. It is a large triangular plateau, bounded by the Vindhyas to the north and flanked by the Eastern and Western Ghats.

II. It slopes gently from west to east and gives rise to several peninsular rivers such as the Godavari, the Krishna, the Kaveri and the Mahanadi which drain into the Bay of Bengal.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 5
  • The entire southern peninsula of India south of the Narmada River marked centrally by a high triangular tableland.

  • The name derives from the Sanskrit Dakshina ("south"). The plateau is bounded on the east and west by the Ghats, escarpments that meet at the plateau's southern tip.

  • Its northern extremity is the Satpura Range. The Deccan's average elevation is about 2,000 feet (600 metres), sloping generally eastward. Its principal rivers— the Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri (Cauvery)—flow from the Western Ghats eastward to the Bay of Bengal. The plateau's climate is drier than that on the coasts and is arid in places.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 6

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Chota Nagpur Plateau

I. It is situated in eastern India, covering much of Jharkhand and adjacent parts of Odisha, Bihar and Chhattisgarh.

II. The natural vegetation in most of the peninsula is xeric scrub, part of the Northwestern thorn scrub forest ecoregion.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 6
  • Chota Nagpur, a plateau in eastern India, in northwestern Chhattisgarh and central Jharkhand states.

  • The plateau is composed of Precambrian rocks (i.e., rocks more than about 540 million years old).

  • Chota Nagpur is the collective name for the Ranchi, Hazaribagh, and Koderma plateaus, which collectively have 25,293 square miles (65,509 square km).

  • Its largest division is the Ranchi Plateau, which has an average elevation of about 2,300 feet (700 metres). In its entirety, the Chota Nagpur plateau lies between the basins of the Ganges (Ganga) and Son rivers to the north and the Mahanadi River to the south.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 7

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Western Ghats of Sahyadri mountains

I. It runs along India's Deccan Plateau's western edge and separates it from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea.

II. The range runs approximately 1,600 km from south of the Tapti River near the Gujarat–Maharashtra border and across Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu to the southern tip of the Deccan peninsula.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 7
  • The Western Ghats are internationally recognized as a region of immense global importance for conserving biological diversity, besides containing areas of high geological, cultural and aesthetic values.

  • A chain of mountains running parallel to India's western coast, approximately 30-50 km inland, the Ghats traverse Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat. These mountains cover around 140,000 km² in a 1,600 km long stretch that is interrupted only by the 30 km Palghat Gap at around 11°N.

  • Older than the great Himalayan mountain chain, India's the Western Ghats are a geomorphic feature of immense global importance. The Outstanding Universal Value of the Western Ghats is manifested in the region's unique and fascinating influence on large-scale biophysical and ecological processes over the entire Indian peninsula.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 8

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Eastern Ghats

I. It is a discontinuous range of mountains, which have been eroded and vivisected by the four major rivers of southern India, the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri.

II. The Nilgiri hills in Tamil Nadu lie at the junction of the Eastern and Western Ghats.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 8
  • The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast.

  • The Eastern Ghats run from the northern Odisha through Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south passing some parts of Karnataka and Kerala's Wayanad district.

  • They are eroded and cut through by four major rivers of peninsular India, viz. Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri.

  • The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal. The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 9

Consider the following statement(s) is/are related to the Thar Desert

I. The desert continues into Pakistan as the Cholistan Desert.

II. Most of the Thar Desert is situated in Rajasthan, covering 61% of its geographic area.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 9
  • The Thar Desert, also called the Great Indian Desert, is an arid region of rolling sandhills on the Indian subcontinent.

  • It is located partly in Rajasthan state, northwestern India, and partly in Punjab and Sindh (Sind) provinces, eastern Pakistan.

  • The Thar Desert covers some 77,000 square miles (200,000 square km) of territory. The irrigated Indus River plain borders it to the west, the Punjab Plain to the north and northeast, the Aravalli Range to the southeast, and the Rann of Kachchh to the south.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 10

The origin of Himalayas can best be explained by

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 10
  • Plate tectonics, theory dealing with the dynamics of Earth's outer shell—the lithosphere—that revolutionized Earth sciences by providing a uniform context for understanding mountain-building processes, volcanoes, and earthquakes as the evolution of Earth's surface and reconstructing its past continents and oceans.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 11

A narrow channel of the sea which separates two landmasses is known as:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 11
  • A strait is a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water.

  • A fracture may form it in an isthmus, a narrow body of land that connects two bodies of water.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 12

Which of the following is the southernmost latitude of the Indian mainland?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 12
  • The Republic of India is located at 21.0000° N latitude and 78.0000° E longitude in Asia.

  • For India, the latitude of 22° 00' N and longitude of 77° 00' E denote its geographical alignment.

  • Kanyakumari at 8°4′41″N and 37°32′28″E is the southernmost tip of the Indian mainland, while the southernmost point in India is Indira Point on Great Nicobar Island.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 13

When was Indira-Point submerged underwater?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 13
  • In the year 2004, Indra Point submerged under the water. Located at Great Nicobar Island of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Indra Point is a village in the Nicobar district. R

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 14

Suez Canal was opened in the year?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 14
  • The Suez Canal is a human-made waterway connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean via the Red Sea. It enables a more direct route for shipping between Europe and Asia, effectively allowing for passage from the North Atlantic to the Indian Ocean without circumnavigating the African continent.

  • The waterway is vital for international trade and, as a result, has been at the centre of conflict since it opened in 1869. The Suez Canal stretches 120 miles from Port Said on the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt southward to Suez's city (located on the northern shores of the Gulf of Suez).

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 15

Kavaratti is situated in?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 15
  • The Kavaratti is the capital of the Union Territory Lakshadweep in India.

  • The Island of Kavaratti lies 360Km of the State of Kerala's coast at 10.57°N 72.64°E is the closest major city on the Indian mainland at 404 km (218 mi).

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 16

Latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India is?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 16
The Longitudinal & latitudinal extend of India is 68°4'N, 97°25'N and 8°4'E and 37°6'E.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 17

The westernmost longitude of India is?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 17
The westernmost longitude of India is located in Gujarat( Kutch area). India's westernmost longitude is west of Ghuar Mota, Gujarat, 68 degree, 34'min, west. The answer is 68° 7′ E (East).

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 18

Tropic of Cancer does not pass through?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 18
  • Tropic of Cancer is an imaginary line, at an angle of 23.50 degrees North from the Equator, that passes through India's middle.

  • If you run this imaginary line around Earth (Yes, Flat-Earthlings, the Earth is spherical), it passes through 17 countries, India being one of them.

  • The Tropic of Cancer passes through eight states in India: Gujarat (Jasdan), Rajasthan (Kalinjarh), Madhya Pradesh (Shajapur), Chhattisgarh (Sonhat), Jharkhand (Lohardaga), West Bengal (Krishnanagar), Tripura (Udaipur) and Mizoram (Champhai).

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 19

What is IST?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 19
  • IST stands for Indian Standard Time. Indian Standard Time is the time observed in India and Sri Lanka.

  • It passes through Allahabad. India has a time of GMT+5:30.

  • Its main importance is that it helps us schedule parties, functions, etc., which are connected throughout the country.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 20

Indian state with the longest coastline on the eastern coast:

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 20
  • Coastal India has a coastline of 7516.6 km along the Arabian sea through the Bay of Bengal, The coastline of India starts from of the Gulf of Kutch across the Gulf of Khambhat then Konkan to Kanara and through the Malabar along the Arabian sea and goes along the Bay of Bengal through the Coromandel Coast, Puducherry, Utkala to Sunderbans in Coastal East India.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 21

Which of the statements is/are correct?

1. Tropical Deciduous Forests are the most widespread forest in India.

2. Pine, Silver fir, Spruce and Cedar are the varieties of coniferous trees found in temperate forest.

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 21
Both statements are correct.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 22

Which of the given statements is/are correct?

1. The diurnal range of temperature is more in coastal areas than in Deserts.

2. Kerala gets rainfall from both south-west and north-east monsoon.

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 22
  • Temperature lag is an important factor in diurnal temperature variation: peak daily temperature generally occurs after noon, as air keeps net absorbing heat even after noon, and similarly minimum daily temperature generally occurs substantially after midnight, indeed occurring during early morning in the hour around dawn, since heat is lost all night long.

  • The analogous annual phenomenon is seasonal lag. High desert regions typically have the greatest diurnal-temperature variations, while low-lying humid areas typically have the least.

  • South West Monsoon is a major one which occurs from July -September .Majority of Indian states receives the rainfall from this Monsoon. Rain hits first the state of kerala and along the coastal areas of karnataka/Maharashtra ( Konken coastal area).

  • After it gains momentum it crosses the Western ghats downpours in all other states of India. The North East Monsoon mostly starts at the end of September. This monsoon wind gets obstructed by Eastern ghats and downpours at eastern coastal area (Coromandel Coast) along Andra pradesh and Tamil Nadu. The coastal area of Andhra Pradesh and majority of Tamil Nadu receives most rainfall from this Monsoon. It is Kerala which receives first rainfall. If Kerala receives first rainfall in June ( i guess) all the farmers will be revealed that monsoon is On-time.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 23

Which of the following is/are regions of Tropical forest?

1. Western Ghats

2. Andaman Nicobar Islands

3. West Bengal

Select the correct answer from the following codes

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 23
  • The Western Ghats and the Andaman Nicobar Islands have tropical rainforests, the deltaic regions have tropical forests and mangroves; Himalayan heights are marked with temperate vegetation.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 24

Consider the following statements:

1. Natural vegetation depends on variation in climate alone.

2. Tropical evergreen forests are found in eastern slopes of western ghats.

Select the correct answer from the following codes

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 24
Tropical evergreen forests are found in the western slope of the Western Ghats, hills of the northeastern region and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Depending upon the variations in the climate and the soil, the vegetation of India changes from one region to another.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 25

Which of the following is/are features of tropical evergreen forest?

1. Annual precipitation of over 200 cm

2. No definite time for trees to flowering

3. Absence of stratification

Select the correct answer from the following codes

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 25
  • Tropical evergreen forests are found in warm and humid areas with an annual precipitation of over 200 cm and mean annual temperature above 22 degree C.

  • Tropical evergreen forests are well stratified, with layers closer to the ground and are covered with shrubs and creepers, with short structured trees followed by a tall variety of trees. In these forests, trees reach great heights up to 60 m or above. There is no definite time for trees to shed their leaves, flowering and fruition. As such these forests appear green all the year round.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 26

Consider the following statements

1. British were first to clear Indian forests for cultivation.

2. British cleared forest mainly for cultivation of Indigo.

Select the correct answer from the following codes

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 26
  • Indigenous tribes of India had followed practice of slash and burn/ Jhum cultivation. The British were aware of the economic value of the forests in India, hence, large scale exploitation of these forests was started.

  • The structure of forests was also changed. Forests were also cleared for introducing plantations of tea, rubber and coffee.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 27

Consider the following statements

1. Moist deciduous forests in India are found in North eastern states along foothills of Himalayas.

2. Teak is one of the main species of moist deciduous forest in India.

Select the correct answer from the following codes

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 27
  • The Moist deciduous forests are more pronounced in the regions which record rainfall between 100-200 cm.

  • These forests are found in the north-eastern states along the foothills of Himalayas, eastern slopes of the Western Ghats and Orissa. Teak, sal, shisham, hurra, mahua, amla, semul, kusum, and sandalwood etc. are the main species of these forests.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 28

With reference to dry deciduous forest, Which of the following is/are true?

1. Dry deciduous forest transcends into semi evergreen forest in wetter margins and on dryer margins it transcends into Tropical thorny forest.

2. It covers areas with rainfall between 70 – 100 cm.

3. In India it is found in plains of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and drier areas of peninsular India

Select the correct answer from the following codes

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 28
  • Dry deciduous forest covers vast areas of the country, where rainfall ranges between 70 -100 cm.

  • On the wetter margins, it has a transition to the moist deciduous, while on the drier margins to thorn forests. These forests are found in drier areas of the Peninsula and the plains of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

 

 

 

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 29

Which of the following terms is used for plants which are at present part of natural vegetation but have originally come to India from abroad?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 29
Option D is the correct answer.

Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 30

Which one of the following animals lives in the swampy and marshy lands of Assam and West Bengal?

One-horned Rhino lives in the swampy and marshy lands of Assam and West Bengal.

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 9 Geography NCERT Based - 1 - Question 30
The animal that lives in the swampy and marshy lands of Assam and West Bengal is the One-horned Rhino.
Here is a detailed explanation:
1. Habitat:
- The One-horned Rhino, also known as the Indian Rhino or the Greater One-horned Rhino, is native to the swampy and marshy lands of Assam and West Bengal in India.
- These areas provide the ideal habitat for these rhinos, as they are rich in water bodies, grasslands, and dense vegetation.
2. Adaptations:
- The One-horned Rhino has several adaptations that allow it to thrive in swampy and marshy environments.
- Their large size and thick skin protect them from potential predators and the harsh environment.
- They have a single horn on their snout, which is used for defense and territorial disputes.
- Their broad feet and strong legs help them navigate through the muddy terrain.
3. Conservation status:
- The One-horned Rhino is listed as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
- Conservation efforts have been made to protect their habitats and prevent poaching.
- National parks and wildlife sanctuaries, such as Kaziranga National Park in Assam, have been established to safeguard their population.
4. Population:
- The population of One-horned Rhinos has been steadily increasing in recent years, thanks to conservation efforts.
- Assam and West Bengal are home to a significant number of these rhinos, with Kaziranga National Park being one of the major strongholds.
In conclusion, the One-horned Rhino is the animal that lives in the swampy and marshy lands of Assam and West Bengal. Its specialized adaptations and conservation efforts have allowed it to thrive in these unique habitats.
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