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Test: New Questions & Ideas - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Old & New NCERTs for IAS Preparation (Must Read) - Test: New Questions & Ideas

Test: New Questions & Ideas for UPSC 2024 is part of Old & New NCERTs for IAS Preparation (Must Read) preparation. The Test: New Questions & Ideas questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: New Questions & Ideas MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: New Questions & Ideas below.
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Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 1

Where did Buddha gained enlightenment?

Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 1

Gaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is famous as it is the place where Gautama Buddha is said to have attained Enlightenment (Pali: bodhi) under what became known as the Bodhi Tree.

Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 2

How many paths have been suggested by Buddha

Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 2

The Eightfold Path consists of eight practices: right view, right resolve, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right samadhi ('meditative absorption or union').

 

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Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 3

The Buddha attained enlightenment under a ____ tree at Bodh Gaya in Bihar.

Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 3

The Buddha attained enlightenment under a peepal tree at Bodh Gaya in Bihar. He meditated there for days to find wisdom and understanding.

Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 4

State whether the following statement is True or False

The Buddha taught that life is full of happiness and joy.

Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 4
  • The statement is False. The Buddha actually taught that life is full of suffering and unhappiness. He explained that this suffering is caused by our cravings and desires, which can never fully be satisfied. He believed in following moderation in everything to reduce this constant craving.
  • Additional Fact:
  • The Buddha also emphasized kindness, respect for all lives, and thinking for oneself rather than blindly accepting what others say.
Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 5

What did Panini create for the Sanskrit language?

Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 5

Panini, a scholar, created a special order for vowels and consonants for the Sanskrit language. This helped in writing down the language rules more easily, similar to how we use formulas in math to solve problems.

Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 6

How did the beggar convince the sages to share their food with him?

Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 6

The beggar made the sages realize that by not giving him food, they were actually denying food to the universal soul. So, they decided to share their food with him.

Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 7

State whether the following statement is True or False

Upanishads are part of the later Vedic texts.

Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 7

The statement is True. The Upanishads were indeed part of the later Vedic texts. Many important ideas of the Upanishads were developed by Shankaracharya, a famous thinker. He further expanded on these ideas.

Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 8

What is the meaning of the term "Jina" in the context of Mahavira?

Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 8

The term "Jina" means conqueror. It is used to show that Mahavira conquered his inner desires and attained great wisdom and enlightenment. Just like a conqueror wins battles, Mahavira conquered his own self to reach a state of pure knowledge and peace.

Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 9
The rules made for the Buddhist ______ were written down in a book called the Vinaya Pitaka.
Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 9
Monks are those who follow the teachings of Buddhism. The rules for Buddhist monks were written in a book called the Vinaya Pitaka, which guided them on how to live their lives.
Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 10

State whether the following statement is True or False

The sangha was an association where people lived simple lives, meditated, and went to beg for food.

Detailed Solution for Test: New Questions & Ideas - Question 10
  • The statement is True! The sangha was a group of people who left their homes to live together. They meditated, lived simply, and went to cities and villages to beg for food during specific times. They helped each other and also taught others. It was like a community where they supported each other in their spiritual journey.
  • Imagine the sangha as a big group of friends who live together, help each other, and learn new things every day. They meditate to find peace and go ask for food together, just like a big family!
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