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Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Old & New NCERTs for IAS Preparation (Must Read) - Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns

Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns for UPSC 2024 is part of Old & New NCERTs for IAS Preparation (Must Read) preparation. The Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns below.
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Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 1

To water the crops by means of canals, wells and tanks

Detailed Solution for Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 1

Irrigation

- Irrigation is the process of applying water to the crops through various methods such as canals, wells, and tanks.
- Canals are artificial waterways that are used to transport water to the fields from rivers or reservoirs.
- Wells are holes dug into the ground to access groundwater for irrigation purposes.
- Tanks are large containers used to store water for irrigation.
- Irrigation helps ensure that crops receive an adequate amount of water for optimal growth and yield.
- It is essential for agriculture in areas where rainfall is insufficient or unreliable.
- Different irrigation methods have varying levels of efficiency and cost, depending on the specific needs of the crops and the availability of water sources.

Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 2

An implement used for cultivation and digging land at that time

Detailed Solution for Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 2

A plough or plow is a farm tool for loosening or turning the soil before sowing seed or planting.

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Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 3

Which of the following are iron tools?

Detailed Solution for Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 3
Iron farming tools, such as sickles and plough tips, made the process more efficient and allowed farmers to exploit tougher soils, try new crops and have more time for other activities.
Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 4

Blacksmith, potter, carpenter and weaver came under the category of _________

Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 5

An assembly of gathering of literacy persons

Detailed Solution for Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 5

Assembly of Literacy Persons


  • Sangam: Sangam refers to an assembly or gathering of literary persons. It is a term commonly used in Indian literature to describe a gathering of poets, scholars, and writers who come together to discuss and celebrate literary works.

  • Importance: Sangam provides a platform for like-minded individuals to exchange ideas, share their work, and collaborate on literary projects. It fosters a sense of community among literati and promotes the growth and development of literature.

  • Activities: During a Sangam, participants may engage in readings, discussions, debates, workshops, and other literary activities. It is a place where creativity flourishes, and new literary endeavors are born.

  • Networking: Sangam also serves as a networking opportunity for individuals in the literary field. It allows writers to connect with publishers, editors, agents, and other professionals who can help them further their careers.

  • Camaraderie: Beyond the literary discussions, Sangam also fosters a sense of camaraderie and friendship among participants. It is a place where individuals bond over their shared love for literature and support each other in their creative endeavors


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Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 6

 Independent farmers were called

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Answer : A

Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 7

Mathura became the second capital of ___________

Detailed Solution for Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 7

The correct answer is B as The Art of Mathura refers to a particular school of Indian art, almost entirely surviving in the form of sculpture, starting in the 2nd century BCE, which centered on the city of Mathura.

Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 8

Village Headmen was called

Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 9

What roles was not played by a grama bhojaka

Detailed Solution for Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 9

The gram bhojaka was often the largest land owner. He had slaves and hired workers to cultivate his land. The king also used him to collect taxes from villages and sometimes he performed like a judge and also like a policeman.

Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 10

Some of the earliest works in Tamil, known as

Detailed Solution for Test: Vital Villages, Thriving Towns - Question 10

Sangam Literature:

Sangam Literature is the correct answer for the earliest works in Tamil. Let's explore this in detail:

1. Introduction to Sangam Literature:
- Sangam Literature refers to a collection of Tamil literature created during the Sangam period, which is estimated to be between 300 BCE and 300 CE.
- The Sangam period was a golden age for Tamil language, literature, and culture in the southern region of India.

2. Sangam Period:
- The Sangam period was named after the assemblies called "Sangam" that were held during this time.
- These assemblies were gathering places for Tamil poets and scholars to discuss various topics, including literature, language, and politics.
- The Sangam period is considered crucial for the development of Tamil language and literature.

3. Themes and Genres in Sangam Literature:
- Sangam Literature covers a diverse range of themes and genres, including poetry, epics, didactic literature, love songs, and heroic narratives.
- The literature reflects the social, cultural, and political aspects of ancient Tamil society.
- It explores themes such as love, war, morality, heroism, and the natural world.

4. Five Collections of Sangam Literature:
- Sangam Literature is divided into two categories: "Patthupaattu" (Ten Idylls) and "Ettuthokai" (Eight Anthologies).
- The "Ettuthokai" consists of eight anthologies, while the "Patthupaattu" is a collection of ten long poems.
- These collections contain works by various poets, some of whom remain anonymous.

5. Prominent Works in Sangam Literature:
- Some of the well-known works in Sangam Literature include:
- Tolkappiyam: A comprehensive work on Tamil grammar and poetics.
- Ettuthokai: Eight anthologies consisting of short poems on various themes.
- Patthupaattu: Ten long poems, including the famous epic "Silappathikaram."
- Purananuru: An anthology of four hundred poems that provide insights into ancient Tamil society.

6. Significance of Sangam Literature:
- Sangam Literature plays a vital role in understanding ancient Tamil culture, history, and language.
- It provides valuable insights into the social structure, customs, and beliefs of the people during the Sangam period.
- The literature also showcases the rich literary tradition and artistic expressions of ancient Tamil society.

In conclusion, Sangam Literature is considered the earliest works in Tamil. It encompasses a wide range of literary genres and themes, reflecting the cultural, social, and political aspects of ancient Tamil society. The poetry and writings from this period continue to be highly regarded and hold significant importance in Tamil literature and history.

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