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Test: Federalism - 1


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Federalism - 1

Test: Federalism - 1 for Class 10 2023 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Federalism - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Test: Federalism - 1 MCQs are made for Class 10 2023 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Federalism - 1 below.
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Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 1

Belgium shifted from a unitary form of government to

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 1

Regional government had existed in Belgium even earlier and had their role and powers but this was withdrawn by the central government. This was changed in 1993 when the regional governments were given constitutional power that were no longer dependent on the central government. Thus, it shifted from a unitary to federal form of government.

Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 2

Assertion: India is a federal country.
Reason: In India power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units.

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 2
  • Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country.
  • Usually, a federation has two levels of government. One is the government for the entire country that is usually responsible for a few subjects of common national interest. The others are governments at the level of provinces or states that look after much of the day-to-day administering of their state.
  • Both these levels of governments enjoy their power independent of the other.
  • In India, we have a three-tier government, i.e. government at the central level, state level and local level. 
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 3

The System of Panchayati Raj involves:

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 3

In India, the Panchayati Raj now functions as a system of governance in which gram panchayats are the basic units of local administration.
The system has three levels: 
1. Gram Panchayat (village level),
2. Mandal Parishad or Block Samiti or Panchayat Samiti (block level)
3. Zila Parishad (district level).

Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 4

In federalism, power is divided between various constituent units and______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 4
  • Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country.
  • Usually, a federation has two levels of government. One is the government for the entire country that is usually responsible for a few subjects of common national interest. The others are governments at the level of provinces or states that look after much of the day-to-day administering of their state.
  • Both these levels of governments enjoy their power independent of the other.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 5

Assertion: India is a ‘holding together’ federation.
Reason: All the states have equal powers and are as strong as union government.

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 5
  • Holding together federation is nothing but the division of powers between the states of the country and central government of that country.
  • Central government is more powerful in holding together federation. India is an example of this kind of federation.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 6

In case of a clash between the laws made by the centre and a state on a subject in the concurrent list:

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 6

In India ,central government tends to be more powerful as compared to state government(i.e.holding together federation) Therefore, in case of clash on making laws on topics of concurrent list union government prevails as being more powerful.

Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 7

In the federal system, the central government cannot order the

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 7

The central government can pass on orders to the provincial or the local government. But in a federal system, the central government cannot order the state government to do something. The state government has powers of its own for which it is not answerable to the central government.

Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 8

Assertion: Banking in India is included in the union list.
Reason: Only the union government makes laws related to banking.

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 8

Subjects of national importance like defence, foreign affairs, atomic energy, banking, post and telegraph are included in the Union List

Only the central government can pass laws on the subjects mentioned in the Union List because we need a uniform policy on important or national issues throughout the country.

Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 9

Match the following:

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 9

1. Union territory is an area which is run by the central government directly.

2. Local Self is a decision making body for the entire village.

3. Coalition is an alliance of more than two parties.

4. Zila parishad is the representative government at district levels.

Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 10

Which of the following country is an example of "coming together federation"? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 10
  • 'Coming Together' refers to the form of federalism where small individual states come together to form a Union or Nation.
  • In this type of federalism the states have individual identity and have majority of control over their governance.
  • Switzerland is a country which combined different states together to form a country and hence an example for 'Coming Together' federation.
  • USA is also called a coming together federation because in it various states have signed deal and are now united. In this way, the states have formed a bigger unit and also increased their security, power and also could avail better opportunities and facilities.
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